Article published in:
ITL - International Journal of Applied Linguistics
Vol. 166:1 (2015) ► pp. 127162
Ahmed, M.D
(1989) Vocabulary learning strategies. In P. Meara (Ed.), British studies in applied linguistics: Vol. 4. Beyond words (pp. 3–14). London: British Association of Applied Linguistics/Centre for Language Teaching.Google Scholar
Atkinson, R.C., & Raugh, M.R
(1975) An application of the mnemonic keyword method to the acquisition of a Russian vocabulary. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 104(2), 126–133. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Baddeley, A
(1999) Essentials of human memory. Hove, UK: Psychology Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Baddeley, A., Eysenck, M.W., & Anderson, M.C
(2009) Memory. Hove, UK: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
Barcroft, J
(2004) Second language vocabulary acquisition: A lexical input processing approach. Foreign Language Annals, 37(2), 200–208. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Breivik, E., & Olsson, U.H
(2001) Adding variables to improve fit: The effect of model size on fit assessment in LISREL. In R. Cudeck, S. du Toit, & D. Sörbom (Eds.), Structural equation modeling: Present and future (pp. 169–194). Ann Arbor, MI: Scientific Software International.Google Scholar
Brown, C., & Payne, M.E
(1994, March). Five essential steps of processes in vocabulary learning. Paper presented at the TESOL convention, Baltimore, MD.
Byrne, B.M
(2001) Structural equation modeling with AMOS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
(2006) Structural equation modeling with EQS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
Catalán, R.M.J
(2003) Sex differences in L2 vocabulary learning strategies. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 13(1), 54–77. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chamot, A.U., Barnhardt, S., El-Dinary, P.B., & Robbins, J
(1999) The learning strategies handbook. White Plains, NY: Addison Wesley Longman.Google Scholar
Chapelle, C
(1998) Construct definition and validity inquiry in SLA research. In L.F. Bachman & A.D. Cohen (Eds.), Interface between second language acquisition and language testing research (pp. 32–70). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Chen, J.F., Warden, C.A., & Chang, H.T
(2005) Motivators that do not motivate: The case of Chinese EFL learners and the influence of culture on motivation. TESOL Quarterly, 39(4), 609–633. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Coady, J
(1993) Research on ESL/EFL vocabulary acquisition: Putting it in context. In T. Huckin, M. Haynes, & J. Coady (Eds.), Second language reading and vocabulary learning (pp. 3–23). Norwood, NJ: Ablex.Google Scholar
Cohen, A.D
(1987) The use of verbal and imagery mnemonics in second-language vocabulary learning. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 9(1), 43–61. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1998) Strategies in learning and using a second language. London: Longman.Google Scholar
Craik, F.I.M., & Lockhart, R
(1972) Levels of processing: A framework for memory research. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 11(6), 671–684. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Craik, F.I.M., & Tulving, E
(1975) Depth of processing and the retentions of words in episodic memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 104(3), 268–294. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Csizér, K., & Dörnyei, Z
(2005) The internal structure of language learning motivation and its relationship with language choice and learning effort. The Modern Language Journal, 89(1), 19–36. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Diamantopoulos, A., & Siguaw, J.A
(2000) Introducing LISREL. London: Sage. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Eysenck, M.W., & Keane, M.T
(2010) Cognitive psychology: A student’s handbook. Hove, UK: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
Fan, M.Y
(2003) Frequency of use, perceived usefulness, and actual usefulness of second language vocabulary strategies: A study of Hong Kong learners. The Modern Language Journal, 87(2), 222–241. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fan, X.T., & Sivo, S.A
(2007) Sensitivity of fit indices to model misspecification and model types. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 42(3), 509–529. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Field, A.P
(2005) Discovering statistics using SPSS. London: Sage.Google Scholar
Gan, Z., Humphreys, G., & Hamp-Lyons, L
(2004) Understanding successful and unsuccessful EFL students in Chinese universities. The Modern Language Journal, 88(2), 229–244. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gagné, E.D., Yekovich, C.W., & Yekovich, F.R
(1993) The cognitive psychology of school learning. New York, NY: Harper Collins.Google Scholar
Gao, X
(2010) Strategic language learning: The roles of agency and context. Bristol: Multilingual Matters. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gu, Y
(2002) Gender, academic major and vocabulary learning of Chinese EFL learners. RELC Journal, 33(1), 35–54. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2003) Fine brush and freehand: The vocabulary-learning art of two successful Chinese EFL learners. TESOL Quarterly, 37(1), 73–104. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gu, Y., & Johnson, R.K
(1996) Vocabulary learning strategies and language learning outcomes. Language Learning, 46(4), 643–679. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hatch, C., & Brown, E
(1995) Vocabulary, semantics, and language education. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Henriksen, B
(1999) Three dimensions of vocabulary development. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 21(2), 303–317. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Horst, M., Cobb, T., & Meara, P
(1998) Beyond a clockwork orange: Acquiring second language vocabulary through reading. Reading in a Foreign Language, 11(2), 207–223.Google Scholar
Hu, L.T., & Bentler, P.M
(1998) Fit indices in covariance structure modeling: Sensitivity to underparameterized model misspecification. Psychological Methods, 3(4), 424–453. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hulstijn, J.H
(2001) Intentional and incidental second language vocabulary learning: A reappraisal of elaboration, rehearsal and automaticity. In P. Robinson (Ed.), Cognition and second language instruction (pp. 258–286). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2003) Incidental and intentional learning. In C. Doughty & M.H. Long (Eds.), Handbook of second language acquisition (pp. 349–381). Malden, MA: Blackwell. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hulstijn, J.H., Hollander, M., & Greidanus, T
(1996) Incidental vocabulary learning by advanced language students: The influence of marginal glosses, dictionary use, and reoccurrence of unknown words. The Modern Language Journal, 80(3), 327–339. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
In’nami, Y., & Koizumi, R
(2011) Structural equation modeling in language testing and learning research: A review. Language Assessment Quarterly, 8(3), 250–276. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jiang, N
(2000) Lexical representation and development in a second language. Applied Linguistics, 21(1), 47–77. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jöreskog, K.G
(1973) A general method for estimating a linear structural equation system. In A.S. Goldberger & O.D. Duncan (Eds.), Structural equation models in the social sciences (pp. 85–112). New York, NY: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Kelly, P., & Li, X
(2005) A new approach to learning English vocabulary: More efficient, more effective, and more enjoyable. Beijing, China: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press.Google Scholar
Kenny, D.A., & McCoach, D.B
(2003) Effect of the number of variables on measures of fit in structural equation modeling. Structural Equation Modeling, 10(3), 333–351. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kline, R.B
(2005) Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford.Google Scholar
Laufer, B
(2003) Vocabulary acquisition in a second language: Do learners really acquire vocabulary by reading? Some empirical evidence. The Canadian Modern Language Review, 59(4), 567–587. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2010) Form focused instruction in second language vocabulary learning. In R. Chacón-Beltrán, C. Abello-Contesse, & M.M. Torreblanca-López (Eds.), Further insights into non-native vocabulary teaching and learning (pp. 15–27). Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Laufer, B., Elder, C., Hill, K., & Congdon, P
(2004) Size and strength: Do we need both to measure vocabulary knowledge? Language Testing, 21(2), 202–226. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Laufer, B., & Hulstijn, J.H
(2001) Incidental vocabulary acquisition in a second language: The construct of task-induced involvement. Applied Linguistics, 22(1), 1–26. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ma, Q
(2009) Second language vocabulary acquisition. Bern: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
(2013) Matching vocabulary learning process with learning outcome in L2 academic writing: an exploratory case study. Linguistics and Education, 24(2), 237–246. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Marsh, H.W., Hau, K.T., & Wen, Z
(2004) In search of golden rules: Comment on hypothesis testing approaches to setting cutoff values for fit indexes and dangers in over generalizing Hu & Bentler’s (1999) findings. Structural Equation Modeling, 11(3), 320–341. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Meara, P
(1996) The vocabulary knowledge framework. Vocabulary Acquisition Research Group Virtual Library. Retrieved from http://​www​.lognostics​.co​.uk​/vlibrary​/meara1996c​.pdfGoogle Scholar
Melka, F
(1982) Receptive versus productive vocabulary: A survey. Interlanguage Studies Bulletin, 6(2), 5–33.Google Scholar
(1997) Receptive vs. productive aspects of vocabulary. In N. Schmitt & M. McCarthy (Eds.), Vocabulary: Description, acquisition and pedagogy (pp. 84–102). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Nation, I.S.P
(1990) Teaching and Learning Vocabulary. New York, NY: Newbury House.Google Scholar
(2001) Learning vocabulary in another language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Nation, I.S.P., & Webb, S
(2011) Researching and analyzing vocabulary. Boston, MA: Heinle.Google Scholar
O’Malley, J.M., & Chamot, A.U
(1990) Learning strategies in second language acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Oxford, R
(1990) Language learning strategies: What every teacher should know. Boston, MA: Heinle and Heinle.Google Scholar
(2001) Language learning styles and strategies. In M. Celce-Murcia (Ed.), Teaching English as a second language or foreign language (pp. 359–366). Boston, MA: Heinle and Heinle/Thomson Learning.Google Scholar
Oxford, R., & Nyikos, M
(1989) Variables affecting choice of language learning strategies by university students. The Modern Language Journal, 73(3), 291–300. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Oxford, R., & Scarcella, R.C
(1994) Second language vocabulary learning among adults: State of the art in vocabulary instruction. System, 22(2), 231–243. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Paivio, A., & Desrochers, A
(1979) Effects of an imagery mnemonic on second language recall and comprehension. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 33(1), 17–28. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pressley, M., & Levin, J.R
(1981) The keyword method and recall of vocabulary words from definitions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning, 17(1), 72–76. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Purpura, J.E
(1997) An analysis of the relationships between test takers’ cognitive and metacognitive strategy use and second language test performance. Language Learning, 47(2), 289–325. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Qian, D.D
(1999) Assessing the roles of depth and breadth of vocabulary knowledge in reading comprehension. The Canadian Modern Language Review, 56(2), 282–308. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2002) Investigating the relationship between vocabulary knowledge and academic reading performance: An assessment perspective. Language Learning, 52(3), 513–536. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Read, J
(1993) The development of a new measure of L2 vocabulary knowledge. Language Testing, 10(3), 355–371. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1998) Validating a test to measure depth of vocabulary knowledge. In A. Kunnan (Ed.), Validation in language assessment (pp. 41–60). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
(2000) Assessing vocabulary. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2004) Plumbing the depths: How should the construct of vocabulary knowledge be defined? In P. Bogaards & B. Laufer (Eds.), Vocabulary in a second language: Selection, acquisition, and testing (pp. 209–227). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Richards, J.C
(1976) The role of vocabulary teaching. TESOL Quarterly, 10(1), 77–89. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schmidt, R
(1990) The role of consciousness in second language learning. Applied Linguistics, 11(2), 129–158. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schmitt, N
(1997) Vocabulary learning strategies. In N. Schmitt & M. McCarthy (Eds.), Vocabulary: Description, acquisition and pedagogy (pp. 199–227). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
(2000) Vocabulary in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Schmitt, N., Ng, J.W.C., & Garras, J
(2011) The word associates format: Validation evidence. Language Testing, 28(1), 105–126. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schmitt, N., Schmitt, D., & Clapham, C
(2001) Developing and exploring the behaviour of two new versions of the vocabulary levels test. Language Testing, 18(1), 55–88. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tabachnick, B.G., & Fidell, L.S
(2007) Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Person Allyn & Bacon.Google Scholar
Tseng, W.T., & Schmitt, N
(2008) Towards a model of motivated vocabulary learning: A structural equation modeling approach. Language Learning, 58(2), 357–400. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Vermeer, A
(2001) Breadth and depth of vocabulary in relation to L1/L2 acquisition and frequency of input. Applied Psycholinguistics, 22(2), 217–234. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Walton, K.F
(2009) Secondary students’ conceptions of assessment mediated by self-motivational attitudes: Effects on academic performance. Unpublished MAs thesis, University of Auckland, New Zealand.
Webb, S
(2008) The effects of context on incidental vocabulary learning. Reading in a Foreign Language, 20(2), 232–245.Google Scholar
Wray, A
(2002) Formulaic language and the lexicon. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar