Article published in:
ITL - International Journal of Applied Linguistics
Vol. 172:2 (2021) ► pp. 290318
Alcoba, S.
(1999) La flexión verbal. In V. Demonte & I. Bosque (Eds.), Gramática descriptiva de la lengua española (vol. 3). Entre la oración y el discurso. Morfología (pp. 4915–4992). Espasa Calpe. Google Scholar
American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages
(2012) ACTFL proficiency guidelines. http://​www​.actfl​.org/.
Bermúdez-Otero, R.
(2013) The Spanish lexicon stores stems with theme vowels, not roots with inflectional class features. Probus, 25(1), 3–103. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Brezina, V., & Pallotti, G.
(2019) Morphological complexity in written L2 texts. Second Language Research, 35(1), 99–119. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bulté, B., & Housen, A.
(2012) Defining and operationalising L2 complexity. In A. Housen, F. Kuiken, & I. Vedder (Eds.), Dimensions of L2 performance and proficiency: Complexity, accuracy and fluency in SLA (pp. 21–46). John Benjamins Publishing Company. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bulté, B., & Roothooft, H.
(2020) Investigating the interrelationship between rated L2 proficiency and linguistic complexity in L2 speech. System, 911, 102246. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Busquets, L., & Bonzi, L.
(1993) Los verbos en español. Verbum, Madrid.Google Scholar
Collentine, J.
(1995) The development of complex syntax and the selection of mood by foreign language learners of Spanish. Hispania, 78(1), 122–135. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2010) The Acquisition and Teaching of the Spanish Subjunctive: An Update on Current Findings. Hispania, 93(1), 39–51. Google Scholar
Consorcio Español Lengua Segunda o Extranjera (CELSE)
n.d.). CELU: Certificado de Español Lengua y Uso. Retrieved February 10, 2020, from https://​www​.celu​.edu​.ar.
Council of Europe
(2001) Common European framework of reference for languages: Learning, teaching, assessment. https://​www​.coe​.int​/en​/web​/language​-policy​/cefr.
Crossley, S.
(2020) Linguistic features in writing quality and development: An overview. Journal of Writing Research, 11(3), 415–443. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Daller, H., & Xue, H.
(2007) Lexical richness and the oral proficiency of Chinese EFL students. In H. Daller, J. Milton, & J. Treffers-Daller (Eds.), Modelling and assessing vocabulary knowledge (pp. 150–164). Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Davies, M., & Hayward Davies, K.
(2018) A Frequency Dictionary of Spanish (2nd ed.). Taylor & Francis. Google Scholar
De Clercq, B., & Housen, A.
(2019) The development of morphological complexity: A cross-linguistic study of L2 French and English. Second Language Research, 35(1), 71–97. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kusters, W.
(2008) Complexity in linguistic theory, language learning and language change. In M. Miestamo, K. Sinnemäki, & F. Karlsson (Eds.), Language complexity: Typology, contact, change (pp. 23–41). John Benjamins, Amsterdam/Philadelphia. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kyle, K., & Crossley, S.
(2016) The relationship between lexical sophistication and independent and source-based writing. Journal of Second Language Writing, 341, 12–24. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lan, G., Liu, Q., & Staples, S.
(2019) Grammatical complexity: ‘What Does It Mean’ and ‘So What’ for L2 writing classrooms? Journal of Second Language Writing, 461, 100673. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lu, X., & Ai, H.
(2015) Syntactic complexity in college-level English writing: Differences among writers with diverse L1 backgrounds. Journal of Second Language Writing, 291, 16–27. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
MacWhinney, B.
(2000) The CHILDES Project: Tools for Analyzing Talk (3a). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Google Scholar
Malvern, D., Richards, B., Chipere, N., & Durán, P.
(2004) Lexical Diversity and Language Development. Palgrave Macmillan UK. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Miestamo, M.
(2008) Grammatical complexity in a cross-linguistic perspective. In M. Miestamo, K. Sinnemäki, & F. Karlsson (Eds.), Language complexity: Typology, contact, change (pp. 23–41). John Benjamins Amsterdam/Philadelphia. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Montrul, S.
(2004) The acquisition of Spanish: Morphosyntactic development in monolingual and bilingual L1 acquisition and adult L2 acquisition. John Benjamins Publishing. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Norris, J. M., & Ortega, L.
(2009) Towards an organic approach to investigating CAF in instructed SLA: The case of complexity. Applied Linguistics, 30(4), 555–578. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Olbertz, H.
(1998) Verbal periphrases in a functional grammar of Spanish. De Gruyter Mouton. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pallotti, G.
(2009) CAF: Defining, Refining and Differentiating Constructs. Applied Linguistics, 30(4), 590–601. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2015a) Una nuova misura della complessità linguistica: l’Indice di Complessità Morfologica (ICM). Rassegna Italiana Di Linguistica Applicata (RILA), 21, 195–218. Google Scholar
(2015b) A simple view of linguistic complexity. Second Language Research, 31(1), 117–134. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Polio, C., & Shea, M. C.
(2014) An investigation into current measures of linguistic accuracy in second language writing research. Journal of Second Language Writing, 261, 10–27. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Presson, N., Sagarra, N., MacWhinney, B., & KowaIsky, J.
(2013) Compositional production in Spanish second language conjugation. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 16(4), 808–828. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Real Academia Española
(2008) Corpus de Referencia del Español Actual (CREA) – versión 3.2. http://​www​.rae​.es.
Roca, I.
(2010) Theme vowel allomorphy in Spanish verb inflection: An autosegmental optimality account. Lingua, 120(2), 408–434. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Slabakova, R.
(2014) The bottleneck of second language acquisition. Foreign Language Teaching and Research, 46(4), 543–559. Google Scholar
The jamovi project
(2020) jamovi (version 1.2) [Computer Software]. https://​www​.jamovi​.org.