Vol. 173:1 (2022) ► pp. 58–93
The effect of input modes and number of exposures on the learning of L2 binomials
Despite the importance of mastering different types of formulaic sequences in a second language, little is known about the relative effect of different input modes on their acquisition. This study explores the learning of a particular type of formulaic language (binomials) in three input modes (reading-only, listening-only, and reading-while-listening) at different frequencies of exposure (2, 4, 5 and 6 occurrences). Arabic learners of English were presented with three stories, each in a different mode, that contained novel binomials (e.g., wires and pipes) and existing binomials (e.g., brother and sister). Two post-tests (multiple-choice and familiarity ratings) assessed learners’ knowledge of the binomials. Results showed that reading-only and reading-while-listening led to better performance on the tasks than listening-only. Frequency of exposure had an effect on the perceived familiarity of binomials.
- Incidental learning of individual words and formulaic sequences
- The effect of number of exposures on incidental vocabulary learning
- Binomials and passages
- Multiple-choice test
- Familiarity ratings