Article published in:Interpersonal Argumentation
Edited by Harry Weger, Jr
[Journal of Argumentation in Context 4:1] 2015
► pp. 42–62
A test of dyadic power theory
Control attempts recalled from interpersonal interactions with romantic partners, family members, and friends
Dyadic power theory (DPT; Dunbar 2004) predicts that equal and unequal-power dyads will seek to persuade one another differently because they use different control attempts. This paper seeks to expand the theory’s definition of control attempts beyond dominance by examining convergence behavior, topic avoidance, aggression, deception, and affection or support. Participants answered a survey about the way they interact with an interpersonal partner who is lower in power, equal in power, or higher in power than themselves. Results reveal that, consistent with DPT, equal power partners were more likely than high or low power partners to use a control attempt that emphasized equilibrium, and were more likely to use verbal affection and social support. However, equal power partners were also more likely to use deception and they reported their partner was least likely to be deceptive compared to the other power groups. Low power partners were more likely, compared to equal or high power, to be motivated to submit to their partner, to use topic avoidance, and to experience psychological aggression from their partner. The type of relationship moderated several of these effects.
Keywords: interpersonal argument, conflict, dyadic power theory, equilibrium, dominance.
Published online: 08 June 2015
Afifi, Tamara D., and Loreen Olson
Afifi, Walid A., and Laura K. Guerrero
Barrick, Murray R., and Michael K. Mount
Bevan, Jennifer L.
Canary, Daniel J., Jeanette E. Brossmann, Brent G. Brossmann, and Harry Weger
Canary, Daniel J., William R. Cupach, and Susan Messman
Canary, Daniel J., Harry Weger, and Laura Stafford
Caughlin, John P., and Tamara D. Afifi
Cloven, Denise H., and Michael E. Roloff
Dailey, René M., and Nicholas A. Palomares
De Goede, Irene H.A., Susan J.T. Branje, and Wim H.J. Meeus
Dunbar, Norah E.
Dunbar, Norah E., and Gordon Abra
2012 “A Dyadic Power Theory Explanation of the Demand-Withdraw Interaction Pattern.” National Communication Association .
Dunbar, Norah E., John A. Banas, Dariela Rodriguez, Shr-Jie Liu, and Gordon Abra
Dunbar, Norah E., Amy M. Bippus, A. Allums, and Shawn King
2012 “The Dark Side of Humor: The Use of Aggressive Humor in Conflicts in Close Relationships.” International Communication Association Annual Meeting . Phoenix, AZ.
Dunbar, Norah E., Amy M. Bippus, and Stacy L. Young
Dunbar, Norah E., and Judee K. Burgoon
Dunbar, Norah E., Matthew L. Jensen, Elena Bessarabova, Judee K. Burgoon, Daniel Rex Bernard, Kylie J. Harrison, Katherine M. Kelley, Bradley J. Adame, and Jacqueline M. Eckstein
Floyd, Kory, and Jonathan M. Bowman
Floyd, Kory, and Mark T. Morman
Floyd, Kory, Jack E. Sargent, and Mark Di Corcia
Guerrero, Laura K., and Walid A. Afifi
Knobloch, Leanne K., and Katy E. Carpenter-Theune
Knox, David, Marty E. Zusman, Kristen McGinty, and Jennifer Gescheidler
Lindsey, Lisa L.M., Norah E. Dunbar, and Jessica Russell
Miller-Day, Michelle A.
Rollins, Boyd C., and Stephen J. Bahr
Roloff, Michael E., and Denise H. Cloven
Solomon, Denise H., and Jennifer A. Samp
Van Eemeren, Frans H., and Peter Houtlosser
Walker, Amber M.
2008 “Convergence Communication Scale: Instrument Development and Theory Testing.” Dissertation. The Pennsylvania State University.
Walster, Elaine, and G. William Walster
Wang, Qi, Edward L. Fink, and Deborah A. Cai
Cited by 6 other publications
Carpenter, Christopher J.
Dunbar, Norah E. & Gordon Abra
Dunbar, Norah E., Bradley Dorn, Mohemmad Hansia, Becky Ford, Matt Giles, Miriam Metzger, Judee K. Burgoon, Jay F. Nunamaker & V. S. Subrahmanian
Dunbar, Norah E., Katlyn Gangi, Samantha Coveleski, Aubrie Adams, Quinten Bernhold & Howard Giles
Worley, Timothy R. & Jennifer Samp
Worley, Timothy R. & Jennifer A. Samp
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 15 september 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.