English within Japanese
Loanwords from English in Japanese as a vocabulary pool for EFL education
The present study examined English textbooks used in Japanese middle and high schools, and analyzed to what extent the English words that are included in those textbooks are already integrated into the vocabulary pool of Japanese as loanwords. The findings of the present study showed that approximately 80% of the English words introduced in the first four years of English education in schools in Japan are already integrated into Japanese as loanwords. Based on this high percentage of English words with loanword counterparts in Japanese, the present study has argued that English loanwords in Japanese can be used as a resource for learning new vocabulary in the field of EFL education for L1 speakers of Japanese.
Keywords: Japanese, English, loanwords, katakana , EFL education, ESL education
Published online: 06 August 2019
Agency of Cultural Affairs
(2008) Heisei 20 Nendo “Kokugo ni Kansuru Yoron Chousa” no Kekka ni Tsuite. “平成20年度「国語に関する世論調査」の結果について [2008 Japanese Language National Survey].” Retrieved from http://www.bunka.go.jp/tokei_hakusho_shuppan/tokeichosa/kokugo_yoronchosa/h20/
Brown, J., Williams, J.
Daulton, F. E.
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
(2016) Youchien, Shougakkou, Chuugakkou, Koutougakkou oyobi Tokubetsu Shien Gakkou no Kaizen oyobi Hitsuyouna Housaku tou ni Tsuite. “幼稚園、小学校、中学校、高等学校及び特別支援学校の学習指導要領等の改善及び必要な方策等について [On the improvement of the curricula for kindergartens, elementary schools, middle schools, high schools, and special education schools].” Retreated from http://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/chukyo/chukyo0/toushin/1380731.htm
(2010) Chuugakkou kentei kyoukasho de gakushuu sareru goi, gakushuu sarenai goi: Nobe gosuu Kotonari gosuu, goi renji no shiten kara. “中学校検定教科書で学習される語彙、学習されない語彙: 延べ語数、異なり語数、語彙レンジの視点から. [Vocabulary learned and unlearned in middle school textbooks: From the perspective of vocabulary size, variety, and range].” Eiken Step Bulletin, 22, 182–203.
Nation, I. S. P.
National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics
Nishi, H. and Xu, J.
O’Grady, W., Archibald, J., Aronoff, M., & Rees-Miller, J.
Preston, D. R., & Yamagata, A.
Quackenbush, H. C.
Rogers, J., Webb, S., & Nakata, T.
Sato, N., Tajima, M., Hashimoto, M., Matsushita, T., & Sasao, R.
The Nihon Keizai Shinbun
(2015, October 30). Sanseido no Eigo Kyoukasho wa Bigen. Chuugaku Kyoukasho Shea. Retrieved from https://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXLASDG30H7Z_Q5A031C1CR8000/
Tokyo Metropolitan Board of Education
(2017) Heisei 30 Nendo Shiyou Toritsu Koutou Gakkou oyobi Chuutou Gakkou You Kyoukasho Kyouka Betsu Saitaku Kekka. “平成30年度使用都立高等学校及び中等教育学校用教科書教科別採択結果 [Textbooks used in Tokyo public middle and high schools in 2018].” Retrieved from http://www.metro.tokyo.jp/tosei/hodohappyo/press/2017/08/24/documents/03.pdf
Underwood, W. J.
Van Benthuysen, R. V.