The diachrony of Spanish haber/hacer + time
A quantitative corpus-based approach to grammaticalization
Borja Herce |
University of the Basque Country |
University of Surrey
Using quantitative corpus evidence from different periods, the present article analyzes the emergence and diachronic development of
the Spanish time constructions (clausal and adverbial) involving contemporary hacer ‘make’ and earlier
haber ‘have’. The obtained data, as well as cross-linguistic evidence, suggest that the clausal construction
must have been the source of the adverbial one. A proposal is presented that could explain that development. The data show, in
addition, that the grammatical properties and usage patterns of the clausal and adverbial constructions were very similar until
the 16th century but have been diverging ever since. This divergence coincides with an exponential increase in the textual raw
frequency of the adverbial construction, where word order fixation, erosion of the inflectional morphology and a change in the
possibilities for time adjunction among others are found to occur at around the same time. This points towards a
desentencialization, loss of inner structure and grammaticalization of the adverbial construction in those periods.
Keywords: temporal hacer, Spanish, diachrony, grammaticalization, desententialization, corpus linguistics, categorization
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