Article published in:Development of tense and aspect systems
Edited by Jadranka Gvozdanović
[Journal of Historical Linguistics 10:2] 2020
► pp. 289–324
Historical change in the Japanese tense-aspect system
Modern Japanese has a formally very simple tense-aspect system, which at its core has only three forms that are complemented by a number of peripheral markers and constructions. The core of the tense-aspect system was much more elaborate and complex in Classical Japanese. This paper discusses the systems of Modern and Classical Japanese, and then sketches the development from the latter to the former. This development involves the grammaticalization from aspect to tense, the recruitment of lexical means and constructions to renew aspectual categories, and category climbing. Two major paths of grammaticalization can be distinguished.
Keywords: grammaticalization, tense, aspect, Japanese, resultative-perfect-past path, progressive-present-future path
Published online: 21 August 2020
Breban, Tine & Svenja Kranich
Bybee, Joan, Revere Perkins & William Pagliuca
Desclés, Jean-Pierre & Zlatka Guentcheva
GNB=Gendai Nihongo Bunpō Kenkyūkai
[ p. 321 ]
Hengeveld, Kees & J. Lachlan Mackenzie
Hengeveld, Kees, Heiko Narrog & Hella Olbertz
Hopper, Paul J.
KKK= Kokuritsu Kokugo Kenkyūjo
Lewandowski, Theodor[ p. 322 ]
Martin, Samuel E.
Miller, Roy Andrew
Sandness, Karen E.
Shigemi, Kazuyuki[ p. 323 ]
Unger, James Marshall
van Gelderen, Elly
[ p. 324 ]Primary references
Kojima, Noriyuki, Masatoshi Kinoshita & Akihiro Satake
Mabuchi, Kazuo, Fumimaro Kunisaki & Tōru Konno