Morphological exceptionality and pathways of change
This paper explores the notion of analyzing cross-linguistically uncommon morphosyntactic structures in terms of their historical development. What may seem extraordinary in the synchronic snapshot of a language can often be clearly accounted for through diachronic considerations. To illustrate this, the current study examines the typologically uncommon phenomenon of multiple exponence, the realization of the same grammatical information in multiple places within an inflected word, in the Kiranti (Tibeto-Burman) languages. Typologically speaking, we do see a strong tendency cross-linguistically towards encoding grammatical information once within an inflected word, and against multiple exponence. Yet the phenomenon of multiple exponence is attested in a number of languages. This paper presents comparative evidence from the Kiranti languages that supports the claim that multiple exponence in synthetic verbs in the modern Kiranti languages comes as a result of the interaction between language(family)-specific typology (multiple agreement in periphrastic verbs) and an uncontroversial language change process (coalescence of periphrastic forms into synthetic forms).
- 1.Morphological exceptionality
- 2.Multiple exponence in Kiranti verbal morphology
- 2.1The Kiranti language family
- 2.2Multiple exponence
- 2.3Comparative evidence
- 2.4Diachronic development of Kiranti multiple exponence
- 3.Synthesis of periphrasis
- 4.Simultaneous inflection of main verb and auxiliary
- 5.Multiple exponence and exceptionality
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