Article published in:
Dialogues in Diachrony: Celebrating Historical Corpora of Speech-related Texts
Edited by Merja Kytö and Terry Walker
[Journal of Historical Pragmatics 19:2] 2018
► pp. 286301


Old English

DOEC (Dictionary of Old English Corpus) ( c. 3.5 million words) = DiPaolo Healey et al. (2009, ongoing).Google Scholar
HC (Helsinki Corpus of English Texts) (OE part: c. 500,000 words) = Kytö (1996).Google Scholar

Middle English

HC (Helsinki Corpus of English Texts) (ME part: c. 500,000 words) = Kytö (1996).Google Scholar
PPCME2 (Penn-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Middle English 2) ( c. 1.1 million words) = Kroch/Taylor (2000).Google Scholar

Early Modern English

CED (Corpus of English Dialogues 1560–1760) (1.2 million words) = Kytö/Culpeper (2006), Kytö/Walker (2006).Google Scholar
CEEM (Corpus of Early English Medical Writing) ( c. 2 million words) = Taavitsainen/Pahta (2010).Google Scholar
HC (Helsinki Corpus of English Texts) (EModE part: c. 500,000 words) = Kytö (1996).Google Scholar
HCOS (Helsinki Corpus of Older Scots) ( c. 800,000 words) = Meurman-Solin (1995).Google Scholar
PCEEC (Parsed Corpus of Early English Correspondence) ( c. 2.2 million words) = Taylor et al. (2006).Google Scholar
PPCEME (Penn-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Early Modern English) (1.8 million words) = Kroch et al. (2004).Google Scholar

Late Modern English

CLMET3.0 (A Corpus of Late Modern English Texts) ( c. 15 million words) = De Smet et al. (2011–).Google Scholar
COHA (The Corpus of Historical American English) ( c. 400 million words) = Davies (2010–).Google Scholar
PPCMBE (The Penn Parsed Corpus of Modern British English) ( c. 1 million words) = Kroch et al. (2010).Google Scholar

Present-day English

BNC British National Corpus) (100 million words)
Brown (The Standard Corpus of Present-Day Edited American English or Brown Corpus ) (1960s; 1 million words) = Francis/Kučera (1964, 1971, 1979).Google Scholar
COCA (The Corpus of Contemporary American English) (450 million words) = Davies et al. (2008–).Google Scholar
F-LOB (The Freiburg-Lancaster-Oslo/Bergen Corpus) (1990s; 1 million words) = Mair (1999b); Mair/Leech (2007).Google Scholar
Frown (The Freiburg-Brown Corpus of American English) (1990s; 1 million words) = Mair (1999a, 2007).Google Scholar
LOB (The Lancaster-Oslo/Bergen Corpus) (1960s; 1 million words) = Leech/Johansson (1976, 1986).Google Scholar
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