Othering the West in the online Jihadist propaganda magazines Inspire and Dabiq
This paper examines how the jihadist terrorist groups Al Qaeda and the so-called Islamic State discursively construct ‘the West’ as an alien, aberrant ‘other’ in their respective online propaganda magazines Inspire and Dabiq over a 5 year period (2010–2015). The analysis integrates insights from the field of Terrorism Studies into a Corpus Assisted Discourse Studies approach, working centrally with the notions of othering and conventionalised impoliteness. Our findings reveal not only that othering is a key discursive process in the groups’ online propaganda machinery but that it is discursively realised via homogenisation, suppression (stereotyping) and pejoration strategies. The latter are further examined via the notion of conventional impoliteness. Pointed criticism emerges as the most frequent conventionalised impoliteness strategy in both magazines. Threats, condescension and exclusion strategies are also saliently used, albeit with different relative frequencies within each magazine. The findings show the value of Discourse Analysis to research into (jihadist) terrorism, including the possibility of drawing upon its findings to develop tailored counter-messages to those advanced by (jihadist) terrorist groups.
Keywords: Jihad, online propaganda magazines, Al Qaeda, Islamic State, Inspire, Dabiq , conventionalised impoliteness, othering
Published online: 02 July 2018
Baker, Paul, Ruth Wodak, Costas Gabrielatos, Majid Khosravinik, Michal Kryzanowski, and Tony McEnery
Berger, J. M., and Jonathon Morgan[ p. 103 ]
2015 The ISIS Twitter Census . The Brookings Project on US Relations with the Islamic World (Analysis Paper no. 20), March 2015 (https://www.brookings.edu/wpcontent/uploads/2016/06/isis_twitter_census_berger_morgan.pdf – last accessed 18th September 2017)
Blommaert, Jan, and Jeff Verschueren
Bowden, Zachary A.
Braniff, Bill, and Assaf Moghadam
Brindle, Andrew, and Corrie MacMillan
Buruma, Ian, and Avishai Margalit
Coupland, Nikolas, and Justine Coupland
Culpeper, Jonathan, Paul Iganski, and Abe Sweiry
Droogan, Julian, and Shane Peattie
Duffy, Margaret E.
Garcés-Conejos Blitvich, Pilar, Nuria Lorenzo-Dus and Patricia Bou-Franch
Halverson, Jeffry, H. L. Goodall Jr., and Steven R. Corman
Holbrook, Donald[ p. 104 ]
Ingram, Haroro J.
Kaplan, Jeffrey, and Christopher P. Costa
Karim, Karim H.
2014 “The State Department’s Twitter War with ISIS Is Embarrassing.” Time Magazine 16 September 2014 http://time.com/3387065/isis-twitter-war-state-department/ (last accessed 18th September 2017).
Kleinke, Sonja, and Birte Bös
Lazar, Annita, and Michelle M. Lazar
Lemieux, Anthony F., Jarret M. Brachman, Jason Levitt, and Jay Wood
Lorenzo-Dus, Nuria, Anina Kinzel and Luke Walker
Macdonald, Stuart, Nyasha Maravanyika, David Nezri, Elliot Parry and Kate Thomas
forthcoming). “Online Jihadist Magazines and the ‘Religious Terrorism’ Thesis.” Critical Studies on Terrorism.
Macdonald, Stuart, and Lorenzo-Dus, Nuria[ p. 105 ]
under review) Visual Jihad: Constructing the “Good Muslim” in Online Jihadist Magazines.
Matusitz, Jonathan, and James Olufowote
Novenario, Celine Marie I.
Prentice, Sheryl, Paul Rayson, and Paul Taylor
Reisigl, Martin, and Ruth Wodak
Rickford, John R.
Said, Edward W.
Simon-Vandenbergen, Anne Marie
Sivek, Susan C.
Stout, Mark E.
Tedeshi, James, and Richard Felson
Testa, Alberto, and Gary Armstrong[ p. 106 ]
Weimann, Gunnar J.
Cited by 3 other publications
Lorenzo-Dus, Nuria & Lella Nouri
Macdonald, Stuart, Nyasha Maravanyika, David Nezri, Elliot Parry & Kate Thomas
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 12 april 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.