Article published in:Thematic issue: New perspectives on conflict
[Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict 9:2] 2021
► pp. 237–270
Discussion, dispute or controversy?
Paradigms of conflict-driven parliamentary practices
As parliamentary debates increasingly display rising levels of political conflict, the polarized and aggressive polemical exchanges in Prime Minister’s Questions are impacting the current agenda-setting and consequently public perceptions and assessments. To get a deeper understanding of the discourse strategies and argumentation practices used in the conflict-driven interaction between opposition MPs (particularly the Leader of the Opposition) and the Prime Minister, the present investigation has been carried out at macro- and micro-levels in an interdisciplinary perspective integrating Dascal’s (1998, 2008) typology of polemical exchanges and Ilie’s (2015a, 2018) pragma-rhetorical approach. At the macro-level, the aim is to account for the context-specific functions of three main types of polemical exchanges, i.e. discussions (focused on establishing the truth), disputes (focused on winning the argument) and controversies (focused on persuading the adversary/audience). At the micro-level, the aim is to examine the interplay and the extent to which the three polemical exchanges crisscross, overlap and/or complement each other through the use of three recurring metadiscourse strategies, i.e. definitions, quotations and parentheticals.
Keywords: polemical exchange, parliamentary, discussion, dispute, controversy, definitions, quotations, parentheticals
Published online: 29 October 2020
Arendholz, Jenny, Wolfram Bublitz, and Monika Kirner-Ludwig
Bakhtin, Mikhail M.
Bates, Stephen R., Peter Kerr, Christopher Byrne, and Liam Stanley
Bevan, Shaun, and Peter John
Bull, Peter and Pam Wells
Hammer, Olav, and Kocku von Stuckrad
Hartwick, Jon, and Henri Barki
Ihalainen, Pasi, Cornelia Ilie, and Kari Palonen
Macagno, Fabrizio, and Douglas Walton
2008 “The Argumentative Structure of Persuasive Definitions.” Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11(5): 525–549. https://ssrn.com/abstract=1744718.
2018 “The Use of Face-Threatening Acts in the Construction of In- and Out-Group Identities in British Parliamentary Debates.” In The Discursive Construction of Identities On- and Offline: Personal – Group – Collective, edited by Birte Bös, Sonja Kleinke, Sandra Mollin and Nuria Hernández, 205–226. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Palonen, Kari, José María Rosales, and Tapani Turkka
Quirk, Randolph, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, and Jan Svartvik
Schegloff, Emanuel A.
Suerbaum, Almut, George Southcombe, and Benjamin Thompson
Waddle, Maurice, Peter Bull and Jan R. Böhnke
Walton, Douglas, and Erik C. W. Krabbe
Walton, Douglas, and Fabrizio Macagno