Making English local
Chronotopes in language policy discourse
This study examines the role of chronotopes in a municipal campaign to make English the official language. Drawing on theories of scale, localism, and chronotopes in discourse, this article traces how 30 town residents situated the English language in local and US history through talk and gesture. By evoking two contrasting chronotopes as they created and interpreted the language policy, people positioned monolingualism as a local tradition and multilingualism as a new, outside threat. Yet these chronotopes of local time and distant time were also recursive and fluid in two key ways. First, the US could be aligned with or against the local, which allowed English-only advocates to simultaneously criticize the nation and appeal to an idealized US past. Second, some critics of the policy reconfigured the chronotopes in order to posit multilingualism as the more authentic local tradition. These moves allowed the people involved to support, redefine and resist the English-only movement.
Keywords: Bakhtin, chronotope, English, English-only movement, discourse, gesture, language ideology, local, language policy, nationalism, scale
Published online: 20 October 2016
American Community Survey
Bauman, Richard, and Charles L. Briggs
Canagarajah, A. Suresh
Cienki, Alan J.
De Cillia, Rudolf, Martin Reisigl, and Ruth Wodak
Dick, Hilary Parsons
Di Masso, Andrés, Angela Castrechini, and Sergi Valera
Duchêne, Alexandre, and Monica Heller
Horner, Bruce, Min-Zhan Lu, Jacqueline Jones Royster, and John Trimbur
Hult, Francis M.
Johnson, Eric J. and David Cassels Johnson
Irvine, Judith T. and Susan Gal
Lempert, Michael, and Michael Silverstein
Lillis, Theresa, and Mary Jane Curry
Lo Bianco, Joseph
Marschall, Melissa J., Elizabeth Rigby, and Jasmine Jenkins
Pratt, Mary Louise
Prior, Paul, and Jody Shipka
Ramanathan, Vaidehi, and Brian Morgan
Tardy, Christine M.
Wiley, Terrence G.
Woolard, Kathryn A.
2008 “Language and Identity Choice in Catalonia: The Interplay of Contrasting Ideologies of Linguistic Authority.” In Lengua, Nacion, e Identidad: La Regulación del Plurilingüismo en España y América Latina, ed. by Kirsten Süselbeck, Ulrike Mühlschlegel, and Peter Masson, pp. 303–323. Frankfurt am Main: Vervuert/Madrid: Iberoamericana.
Wortham, Stanton, and Catherine Rhodes
2012 “Interview with Suzanne Bibby.” The Blaine Young Show (Frederick, Maryland), February 22. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NGaio3PMn5w.
Cited by 2 other publications
Flowers, Katherine S.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 10 january 2022. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.