The video documentation of police violence against citizens, and the circulation of these videos over mainstream and social media, has played an important part in many contemporary social movements, from the Black Lives Matter Movement in the U.S. to the Umbrella Movement in Hong Kong. Such videos serve as both evidence of police abuses and discursive artefacts around which viewers build bodies of shared knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about events through engaging in exercises of “collective seeing”. This article analyses the way a video of police officers beating a handcuffed protester, which became an important symbol of the excessive use of force by police during the Occupy Hong Kong protests, was interpreted by different communities, including journalists, protesters, anti-protest groups, and law enforcement officials, and how these collective acts of interpretation served as a means for members of these communities to display group membership and reinforce group norms and ideological values.
2010“Cameras Everywhere: Ubiquitous video documentation of human rights, New forms of video advocacy, and considerations of safety, security, dignity and consent.”Journal of Human Rights Practice 2 (2): 191–207. doi.org/
1952“Discourse analysis.”Language 281: 1-30.
2015 (July29). “U. of Cincinnati cop indicted in traffic stop killing, video released.”Gawker. Retrieved 8 November 2015 from [URL].
2012“Woman files suit over her arrest in Seattle May Day protest.”Q13 Fox. [URL] Retrieved 8 November, 2015).
Jones, Rodney H.
2014“Unwriting Food Labels: Discursive challenges in the regulation of package claims.”Journal of Business and Technical Communication 28 (4): 1-32.
Jones, Rodney H.
2015“Suicide Candy: Tracing the discourse itineraries of food risk.” In Communicating Risk, ed. by Christopher N. Candlin and Jonathan Chrichton, 340-359. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
Knobel, Michelle and Lankshear, Colin
2015“Language, Creativity, and Remix Culture.” In The Routledge handbook of Language and Creativity, ed. By Rodney H. Jones, 398-414. London: Routledge.
1986“Word, Dialogue and Novel. In The Kristeva Reader, ed. by Toril Moi, 34-50. New York: Columbia University Press.
Laclau, Erensto and Chantal Mouffe
2001Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a radical democratic politics. New York: Verso.
Latour, Bruno, & Woolgar, Steve
1986Laboratory Life: The construction of scientific facts. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
2016 (March8). No need for media to hand over raw footage of confrontation between Ken Tsang and police, rules Hong Kong judge,”South China Morning Post, [URL] (Retrieved 1 June 2016).
Li. NevilleChi Hang
2014“The Growing Significance of New Media in Hong Kong Social Movements.” A paper presented at the Global Insecurities Conference, Bristol. UK. November 21-22.
2011“The Right to Look.”Critical Inquiry 37 (3): 473-496.
Norris, Sigrid and Rodney H Jones
2005Discourse in Action: Introducing mediated discourse analysis. London: Routledge.
“An Open Letter from TVB News Reporters.”
2014 (October15). Real Hong Kong News Facebook Page. [URL] (Retrieved 18 August 2015)
2015 (July23). “The Complicated History of Capturing Racist Violence on Film.”The Washington Post. Retrieved 18 August, 2015 from [URL]
2001Mediated Discourse: The nexus of practice. London: Routledge.
2008“Discourse Itineraries: Nine processes of resemiotization.”Advances in Discourse Studies, ed. by Vijay K. Bhatia, John Flowerdew, and Rodney H. Jones, 233–244. London: Routledge.
2011“The Political Power of Social Media: Technology, the public sphere, and political change.”Foreign Affairs 90(1): 28-41.
2016 (May26). “Activist Ken Tsang convicted of assaulting police during Occupy protests.”South China Morning Post. [URL] (Retrieved 1 June 2016).
Van Leeuwen, Theo
2008Discourse and Practice: New tools for critical discourse analysis. New York: Oxford University Press.
Wall, Tyler and Linnemann, Travis
2014“Staring Down the State: Police power, visual economies, and the ‘war on cameras’.”Crime, Media, Culture, 10 (2): 133-149.
Cited by 7 other publications
2017. DIY Media-Making for Social Change: Hong Kong’s Ethnic Minority Youth Speak Back to Exclusion and Call for Social Action Through Cellphilms. In Youth as Architects of Social Change, ► pp. 155 ff.
2017. The uses of stance in media production: A study in embodied sociolinguistics. Journal of Sociolinguistics 21:1 ► pp. 112 ff.
Sanghi, Aayushi, Abhishek Sinha, Aditya Venkatesh & Bhaskarjyoti Das
2021. A Framework to Capture the Shift in Dynamics of a Multi-phase Protest—A Case Study of Hong Kong Protests. In Emerging Technologies in Data Mining and Information Security [Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, 164], ► pp. 95 ff.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 26 september 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
Any errors therein should be reported to them.