A corpus-driven exploration of U.S. language planning and language ideology from 2013 to 2018
Language planning is influenced by ideological stances, and exports those ideologies through the policy making process. Residing beneath policy documents lies a language policy of the texts themselves, policing their structure and linguistic forms by which ideologies are managed. Thus, a careful collection of such documents should offer rich grounds for analysis, to leverage claims of ideology against empirically founded patterns, and offer rigorous comparison across actors, genres, and policy areas.We conducted a corpus-driven exploration of all bills from Congressional sessions 113 to 115 (33,968 documents, 85,612,752 words), and describe the collocational character of U.S. language policy, the semantic preferences of those collocations, and discuss the exposed ideological structure of these bills. By utilizing such a large corpus, this study responds to two issues in corpus-aided language policy analysis: (1) a paucity of very large corpora analyses; (2) further utilizes corpus-driven methods to naively investigate ideologies in status planning.
Keywords: language policy and planning, corpus linguistics, language ideology, legal text
Published online: 16 June 2020
Ackermann, Kirsten, and Yu-Hua Chen
2018 AntConc (version 3.5.3). Tokyo, Japan: Waseda University. http://www.laurenceanthony.net/software
Baker, Paul, Costas Gabrielatos, Majid KhosraviNik, Michał Krzyżanowski, Tony McEnery, and Ruth Wodak
Baldauf, Richard B.
Bednarek, Monika, and Helen Caple
Biber, Douglas, Susan Conrad, and Viviana Cortes
Biber, Douglas, Susan Conrad, and Randi Reppen
Cheng, Winnie, Chris Greaves, John M. Sinclair, and Martin Warren
Cohen-Eliya, Moshe, and Iddo Porat
Curdt-Christiansen, Xiao Lan
Gablasova, Dana, Vaclav Brezina, and Tony McEnery
Hornberger, Nancy H.
Jones, Peter E.
Kaplan, Robert B., and Richard B. Baldauf
Kheirkhah, Mina, and Asta Cekaite
Kochenov, Dimitry, and Fernand de Varennes
Niemi-Kiesiläinen, Johanna, Päivi Honkatukia, and Minna Ruuskanen
Ricento, Thomas, and Nancy Hornberger
Ricento, Thomas, and Wayne E. Wright
Spolsky, Bernard, and Elana G. Shohamy
Subtirelu, Nicholas Close
Thomas, Wayne, and Virginia Collier
van Splunder, Frank
Widdowson, Henry G.
Wiley, Terrence G., and Ofelia Garcia
2011 “Complex Texts: Analysing Understanding, Explaining and Interpreting Meanings.” Discourse Studies 13 (5): 623–33. http://www.jstor.org/stable/24049953
Wodak, Ruth, and Salomi Boukala
Woolard, Katheryn A., and Bambi B. Schieffelin