Article published in:
Journal of Language and Politics
Vol. 20:6 (2021) ► pp. 852872
2015 “DDS Is Davao Dev’t System, Duterte Explains,” June 23 2015 https://​www​.youtube​.com​/watch​?v​=4gfPGVICAkA
Al Jazeera
2016 “Rodrigo Duterte on Drugs, Death and Diplomacy,” October 15 2016 https://​www​.youtube​.com​/watch​?v​=S2KtLTXXej8
Alston, Philip
2017 “The Populist Challenge to Human Rights.” Journal of Human Rights Practice 91: 1–15. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2019 “Joint Statement: Freedom of Expression in the Time of Duterte,” June 30 2019 https://​www​.altermidya​.net​/joint​-statement​-freedom​-of​-expression​-in​-the​-time​-of​-duterte/
Anderson, Benedict
1988 “Cacique Democracy and the Philippines: Origins and Dreams.” New Left Review 1 (169): 3–31.Google Scholar
2009 “Afterword.” In Populism in Asia, edited by Kosuke Mizuno and Pasuk Phongpaichit, 217–20. Singapore: National University of Singapore Press.Google Scholar
Bello, Walden
2017 “Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte Is a Wildly Popular Fascist: Now What?The Nation, January 9 2017 https://​www​.thenation​.com​/article​/archive​/philippine​-president​-rodrigo​-duterte​-is​-a​-wildly​-popular​-fascist/
Block, Elena, and Ralph Negrine
2017 “The Populist Communication Style: Toward a Critical Framework.” International Journal of Communication 111: 178–197.Google Scholar
Bonner, Raymond
1988Waltzing with a Dictator: The Marcoses and the Making of American Policy. New York: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
Callamard, Agnes
2017 “ ‘No Fear, No Hate, No Wall, No Ban:’ The World – and Freedom of Expression – at a Critical Juncture.” Universal Rights Group, March 21 2017 https://​www​.universal​-rights​.org​/blog​/no​-fear​-no​-hate​-no​-wall​-no​-ban​-world​-freedom​-expression​-critical​-juncture/
Capistrano, Zea Ming C.
2016 “Duterte Draws Line between Members of Media.” Davao Today, June 3 2016 http://​davaotoday​.com​/main​/human​-rights​/media​/duterte​-draws​-line​-between​-members​-of​-media/
Chakravartty, Paula, and Srirupa Roy
2017 “Mediatized Populisms: Inter-Asian Lineages.” International Journal of Communication 111: 4073–92.Google Scholar
Clapham, Andrew
2015Human Rights: A Very Short Introduction. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Commission on Human Rights
2017a “Bombing of Lumad Schools against Int’l Humanitarian Law,” August 11 2017 http://​chr​.gov​.ph​/bombing​-of​-lumad​-schools​-against​-intl​-humanitarian​-law​-chr/
2017c “CHR Hopeful with PDEA’s Lead in the Drug Campaign,” October 17 2017 http://​chr​.gov​.ph​/chr​-hopeful​-with​-pdeas​-lead​-in​-the​-drug​-campaign/
Curato, Nicole
2017 “Flirting with Authoritarian Fantasies? Rodrigo Duterte and the New Terms of Philippine Populism.” Journal of Contemporary Asia 47 (1): 142–153. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dean, Jodi
2017 “Not Him, Us (and We Aren’t Populists).” Theory & Event 20 (1): 38–44.Google Scholar
Espina-Varona, Inday
2018b “A Perversion of Feminism.” La Croix, August 31 2018 https://​international​.la​-croix​.com​/news​/a​-perversion​-of​-feminism​/8319#
Finchelstein, Federico
2017From Fascism to Populism in History. Oakland: University of California Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fraser, Nancy
2017 “From Progressive Neoliberalism to Trump – and Beyond.” American Affairs, November, 1–18.Google Scholar
Freedom House
2017 “Freedom on the Net 2017: Manipulating Social Media to Undermine Democracy.” https://​freedomhouse​.org​/report​/freedom​-net​/2017​/manipulating​-social​-media​-undermine​-democracy
Fuchs, Christian
2018 “Authoritarian Capitalism, Authoritarian Movements and Authoritarian Communication.” Media, Culture & Society, 1–13. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
George, Cherian
2019 “How Would the Online Falsehoods Act Affect Journalism? This Test Case Could Give an Answer.” Freedom from the Press (blog). April 3 2019 http://​blog​.freedomfromthepress​.info​/2019​/04​/03​/falsehoods/
Gitlin, Todd
2003The Whole World Is Watching: Mass Media in the Making and Unmaking of the New Left. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
2018 “From ‘Liberal Media’ to ‘Fake News.’” The American Prospect, February 12 2018 https://​prospect​.org​/culture​/liberal​-media​-fake​-news/
2016 “Incoming President Duterte at Dating Pangulong Arroyo, Matagal Nang Magkaibigan (Incoming President Duterte and Former President Arroyo Have Long Been Friends,” May 24 2016 https://​www​.youtube​.com​/watch​?v​=xs​_arAnKt9Y
Hall, Stuart
1975 “Introduction.” In Paper Voices: The Popular Press and Social Change, 1935–1965, by A. C. H. Smith, Elizabeth Immirzi, and Trevor Blackwell, 11–24. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1988The Hard Road to Renewal: Thatcherism and the Crisis of the Left. London: Verso.Google Scholar
Human Rights Watch
2009 “ ‘You Can Die Any Time’ Death Squad Killings in Mindanao,” April 2009 https://​www​.hrw​.org​/sites​/default​/files​/reports​/philippines0409web​_0​.pdf
2017 “License to Kill: Philippine Police Killings in Duterte’s ‘War on Drugs,’” March 2017 https://​www​.hrw​.org​/sites​/default​/files​/report​_pdf​/philippines0317​_web​_1​.pdf
2016a “1st Presidential Debate Transcript: Round One,” February 25 2016 https://​newsinfo​.inquirer​.net​/768434​/1st​-presidential​-debate​-transcript​-round​-one
2016b “Duterte Endorses Killing Corrupt Journalists,” June 1 2016 https://​newsinfo​.inquirer​.net​/788543​/duterte​-endorses​-killing​-corrupt​-journalists
Jetschke, Anja
2011Human Rights and State Security: Indonesia and the Philippines. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2017 “2016 Karapatan Year-End Report on the Human Rights Situation in the Philippines.” Quezon City, Philippines. https://​www​.karapatan​.org​/files​/2016%20Karapatan%20YEReport​.pdf
2019 “Duterte’s Blueprint for a Dictatorship.” Quezon City, Philippines. https://​www​.karapatan​.org​/2018​-Karapatan​-HR​-Report
Kazin, Michael
1998The Populist Persuasion: An American History. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Kellner, Douglas
2016American Nightmare: Donald Trump, Media Spectacle, and Authoritarian Populism. Rotterdam: Sense. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kenny, Paul D.
2013 “The Origins of Patronage Politics: State Building, Centrifugalism, and Decolonization.” British Journal of Political Science 451: 141–71. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kramer, Benjamin
2014 “Media Populism: A Conceptual Clarification and Some Theses on Its Effects.” Communication Theory 241: 42–60. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Laclau, Ernesto
2005 “Populism: What’s in a Name?” In Populism and the Mirror of Democracy, edited by Francisco Panizza, 32–49. London: Verso.Google Scholar
Landman, Todd
2006Studying Human Rights. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Lindlof, Thomas R., and Bryan C. Taylor
2011Qualitative Communication Research Methods. 3rd ed. London: Sage.Google Scholar
Mazzoleni, Gianpietro
2008 “Populism and the Media.” In Twenty-First Century Populism: The Spectre of Western European Democracy, edited by Daniele Albertazzi and Duncan McDonnell, 49–64. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
McCoy, Alfred W.
2009Policing America’s Empire: The United States, the Philippines, and the Rise of the Surveillance State. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
2017 “Philippine Populism: Local Violence and Global Context in the Rise of a Filipino Strongman.” Surveillance & Society 15 (3/4): 514–22. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mizuno, Kosuke, and Pasuk Phongpaichit
2009 “Introduction.” In Populism in Asia, 1–17. Singapore: National University of Singapore Press.Google Scholar
Moffitt, Benjamin
2016The Global Rise of Populism: Performance, Political Style, and Representation. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Mouffe, Chantal
2018For a Left Populism. London: Verso.Google Scholar
Mudde, Cas
2004 “The Populist Zeitgeist.” Government and Opposition 39 (4): 541–63. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2007Populist Radical Right Parties in Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mudde, Cas, and Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser
2017Populism: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Norris, Pippa, and Ronald Inglehart
2019Cultural Backlash: Trump, Brexit, and Authoritarian Populism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ocampo, Satur C.
2016 “SC Ruling on Marcos Burial Stokes Anew Public Protests.” Bulatlat, November 12 2016 https://​www​.bulatlat​.com​/2016​/11​/12​/sc​-ruling​-marcos​-burial​-stokes​-anew​-public​-protests/
Official Gazette
n.d. “The Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines.” https://​www​.officialgazette​.gov​.ph​/constitutions​/1987​-constitution/
Ong, Jonathan Corpus, and Jason Vincent A. Cabañes
2018 “Architects of Networked Disinformation: Behind the Scenes of Troll Accounts and Fake News Production in the Philippines” 2018 https://​newtontechfordev​.com​/wp​-content​/uploads​/2018​/02​/ARCHITECTS​-OF​-NETWORKED​-DISINFORMATION​-FULL​-REPORT​.pdf
Pangalangan, Raul C.
2002 “ ‘Anointing Power with Piety’: People Power, Democracy and the Rule of Law.” In Law and Newly Restored Democracies: The Philippines Experience in Restoring Political Participation and Accountability, edited by Raul C. Pangalangan, 1–16. Chiba, Japan: Institute of Developing Economies. https://​www​.ide​.go​.jp​/library​/English​/Publish​/Download​/Als​/pdf​/13​.pdf
2011 “Human Rights Discourse in Post-Marcos Philippines.” In Human Rights in Asia, edited by Thomas W. D. Davis and Brian Galligan, 56–69. Cheltenham, England: Edward Elgar. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Perez, Ace June Rell S.
2017 “Duterte Admits DDS Exists.” Sun Star, October 13 2017 https://​www​.sunstar​.com​.ph​/article​/129893
Placido, Dharel
2016 “Duterte: My Father Stood by Marcos.” ABS-CBN, October 4 2016 https://​news​.abs​-cbn​.com​/news​/10​/04​/16​/duterte​-my​-father​-stood​-by​-marcos
2017 “Duterte Fires Drugs Board Chief for ‘contradicting’ Government.” ABS-CBN, May 25 2017 https://​news​.abs​-cbn​.com​/news​/05​/25​/17​/duterte​-fires​-drugs​-board​-chief​-for​-contradicting​-government
2018 “On the Spot: #Duterte Die Hard Supporters, Magkikita-Kita Sa Isang Malaking Pagtitipon (#Duterte Diehard Supporters Will Meet in a Big Gathering),” July 9 2018 https://​www​.youtube​.com​/watch​?v​=OFWSigWKfak
Ranada, Pia
2018 “Duterte Calls Rappler ‘Fake News Outlet.’” Rappler, January 28 2018 https://​www​.rappler​.com​/nation​/193806​-duterte​-fake​-news​-outlet
Reporters Without Borders
2017 “Worldwide Round-up of Journalists Killed, Detained, Held Hostage, or Missing in 2017.” https://​rsf​.org​/en​/journalists​-killed
2019 “2019 World Press Freedom Index: Philippines.” https://​rsf​.org​/en​/philippines
Ressa, Maria A.
2016a “Propaganda War: Weaponizing the Internet.” Rappler, October 3 2016 https://​www​.rappler​.com​/nation​/148007​-propaganda​-war​-weaponizing​-internet
2016b “How Facebook Algorithms Impact Democracy.” Rappler, October 8 2016 https://​www​.rappler​.com​/newsbreak​/148536​-facebook​-algorithms​-impact​-democracy
Richardson, John E., and Ruth Wodak
2009 “Recontextualising Fascist Ideologies of the Past: Right-Wing Discourses on Employment and Nativism in Austria and the United Kingdom.” Critical Discourse Studies 6 (4): 251–67. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Roth, Kenneth
2017 “The Dangerous Rise of Populism: Global Attacks on Human Rights Values.” Journal of International Affairs. https://​jia​.sipa​.columbia​.edu​/online​-articles​/archives​-dangerous​-rise​-populism​-global​-attacks​-human​-rights​-values
Santos, Jonathan de
Silverman, Craig
2019 “The Philippines Was a Test of Facebook’s New Approach to Countering Disinformation: Things Got Worse.” BuzzFeed, August 7 2019 https://​www​.buzzfeednews​.com​/article​/craigsilverman​/2020​-philippines​-disinformation
South China Morning Post
Stavrakakis, Yannis
2017 “Discourse Theory in Populism Research: Three Challenges and a Dilemma.” Journal of Language and Politics 16 (4): 523–534. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Taggart, Paul
2000Populism. Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar
Teodoro, Luis V.
2012In Medias Res: Essays on the Philippine Press and Media. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press.Google Scholar
2017 “License to Chill.” Business World, October 13 2017 https://​www​.bworldonline​.com​/license​-to​-chill/
Tolentino, Rolando B.
2012 “Killing of Journalists, Mass Media and the Culture of Impunity.” In Crimes and Unpunishment: The Killings of Filipino Journalists, edited by Florangel Rosario-Braid, Crispin C. Maslog, and Ramon R. Tuazon, 102–10. San Juan City: UNESCO National Commission of the Philippines.Google Scholar
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
2017 “Philippines Warned over ‘Massive’ Impact of Military Operations on Mindanao Indigenous Peoples,” December 27 2017 https://​www​.ohchr​.org​/en​/NewsEvents​/Pages​/DisplayNews​.aspx​?NewsID​=22567​&LangID​=E
Urbinati, Nadia
2019 “Political Theory of Populism.” Annual Review of Political Science 221: 111–127. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
US State Department
2019 “2018 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Philippines,” March 13 2019 https://​www​.state​.gov​/wp​-content​/uploads​/2019​/03​/PHILIPPINES​-2018​.pdf
Vera Files
Waisbord, Silvio
2003 “Media Populism: Neo-Populism in Latin America.” In The Media and Neo-Populism: A Contemporary Comparative Analysis, edited by Gianpietro Mazzoleni, Julianne Stewart, and Bruce Horsfield, 197–216. Westport, CT: Praeger.Google Scholar
Wodak, Ruth
2003 “Populist Discourses: The Rhetoric of Exclusion in Written Genres.” Document Design 4 (2): 132–48. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2015The Politics of Fear: What Right-Wing Populist Discourses Mean. London: Sage. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wodak, Ruth, and Michal Krzyzanowski
2017 “Right-Wing Populism in Europe & USA: Contesting Politics & Discourse beyond ‘Orbanism’ and ‘Trumpism.’” Journal of Language and Politics 16 (4): 471–84. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Zizek, Slavoj
2006 “Against the Populist Temptation.” Critical Inquiry 32 (3): 551–74. CrossrefGoogle Scholar