Introduction published in:
Language, Politics and Media: The Hong Kong Protests
Edited by Guofeng Wang and Ming Liu
[Journal of Language and Politics 21:1] 2022
► pp. 116
References
BBC News
The Hong Kong Protests Explained in 100 and 500 Words.” November 28, 2019. https://​www​.bbc​.com​/news​/world​-asia​-china​-49317695
Baker, Paul
2006Using Corpora in Discourse Analysis. London: Continuum. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Baker, Paul, Costas Gabrielatos, Majid Khosravinik, Michał Krzyzanowski, Tony McEnery, and Ruth Wodak
2008 “A Useful Methodological Synergy? Combining Critical Discourse Analysis and Corpus Linguistics to Examine Discourses of Refugees and Asylum Seekers in the UK Press.” Discourse and Society 19 (3): 273–306. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Boykoff, Jules
2006 “Framing Dissent: Mass-media Coverage of the Global Justice Movement.” New Political Science 28 (2): 201–228. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Boyle, Michael P., Douglas M. McLeod, and Cory. L. Armstrong
2012 “Adherence to the Protest Paradigm: The Influence of Protest Goals and Tactics on News Coverage in US and International Newspapers.” The International Journal of Press/Politics 17 (2): 127–144. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Button, Mark, Tim John, and Nigel Brearley
2002 “New Challenges in Public Order Policing: The Professionalisation of Environmental Protest and the Emergence of the Militant Environmental Activist.” International Journal of the Sociology of Law 30(1): 17–32. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cammaerts, Bart
2012 “Protest Logics and the Mediation Opportunity Structure.” European Journal of Communication 27 (2): 117–134. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2013 “The Mediation of Insurrectionary Symbolic Damage: The 2010 UK Student Protests.” The International Journal of Press/Politics 18 (4): 525–548. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cammaerts, Bart, Alice Mattoni, and Patrick McCurdy
(Eds.) 2013Mediation and Protest Movements. Bristol: Intellect Books.Google Scholar
Cheng, Joseph Yu-shek
2014 “The Emergence of Radical Politics in Hong Kong: Causes and Impact.” The China Review 14 (1): 199–232. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cheng, Winnie, and Phoenix Lam
2010 “Media Discourses in Hong Kong: Change in Representation of Human Rights.” Text & Talk 30 (5): 507–527. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chiu, Stephen Wing Kai, and Tai Lok Lui
2000The Dynamics of Social Movements in Hong Kong: Real and Financial Linkages and the Prospects for Currency Union (Vol. 11). Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.Google Scholar
Chouliaraki, Lilie
2013 “Re-Mediation, Inter-Mediation, Trans-Mediation.” Journalism Studies 14 (2): 267–283. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chung, Hiu-Fung
2020 “Changing Repertoires of Contention in Hong Kong: A Case Study on the Anti-Extradition Bill Movement.” China Perspectives 31: 57–63. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cottle, Simon
2008 “Reporting Demonstrations: The Changing Media Politics of Dissent.” Media, Culture and Society 30 (6): 853–872. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fairclough, Norman
1995Media Discourse. London: Arnold.Google Scholar
2003Analysing Discourse: Textual Analysis for Social Research. London: Routledge. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fang, Yew-Jin
1994 “ ‘Riots’ and Demonstrations in the Chinese Press: A Case Study of Language and Ideology”. Discourse and Society 5 (4): 463–48. https://​www​.jstor​.org​/stable​/42887947. Crossref
Flowerdew, John, and Rodney Jones
2016 “Occupy Hong Kong: Historicizing Protest.” Journal of Language and Politics 15 (5):521–528. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fowler, Roger
1991Language in the News: Discourse and Ideology in the Press. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Gamson, William A.
1995 “Constructing Social Protest.” In Social Movements and Culture, ed. by Hank Johnston, and Bert Minneapolis Klandermans, 85–106. London: Rouledge.Google Scholar
Gamson, William A., and Gadi Wolfsfeld
1993 “Movements and Media as Interacting Systems.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 528 (1): 114–125. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gans, Herbert J.
1979Deciding What’s News: A Study Of CBS Evening News, NBC Nightly News, Newsweek and Time. New York: Phantheon Books.Google Scholar
Ghobrial, Bahaa G., and Karin G. Wilkins
2015 “The Politics of Political Communication: Competing News Discourses of the 2011 Egyptian Protests.” International Communication Gazette, 77 (2): 129–150. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Greer, Chris, and Eugene McLaughlin
2010 “We Predict a Riot? Public Order Policing, New Media Environments and the Rise of the Citizen Journalist.” The British Journal of Criminology 50 (6): 1041–1059. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Haarman, Louann, and Linda Lombardo
2009Evaluation and Stance in War News. London: ContinuumGoogle Scholar
Hackett, Robert A., and Yuezhi Zhao
1994 “Challenging a Master Narrative: Peace Protest and Opinion/Editorial Discourse in the US Press during the Gulf War.” Discourse and Society 5 (4): 509–541. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hallin, Daniel C., and Paolo Mancini
2004Comparing Media Systems: Three Models of Media and Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2012Comparing Media Systems beyond the Western World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Hart, Christopher
2014 “Construal Operations in Online Press Reports of Political Protests.” In Contemporary Critical Discourse Studies, ed. by Christopher Hart, and Piotr Cap, 167–188. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
Hertog, James K., and Douglas M. McLeod
1995 “Anarchists Wreak Havoc in Downtown Minneapolis: A Multi-level Study of Media Coverage of Radical Protest.” Journalism and Communication Monographs (151): 1–48.Google Scholar
Jungherr, Andreas, Harald Schoen, and Pascal Jürgens
2016 “The Mediation of Politics through Twitter: An Analysis of Messages Posted during the Campaign for the German Federal Election 2013.” Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 21 (1): 50–68. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Krzyżanowski, Michał
2020 “Normalization and the Discursive Construction of ‘New’ Norms and ‘New’ Normality: Discourse in the Paradoxes of Populism and Neoliberalism.” Social Semiotics 30 (4): 431–448. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Krzyżanowski, Michał, Anna Triandafyllidou, and Ruth Wodak
2018 “The Mediatization and the Politicization of the ‘Refugee Crisis’ in Europe.” Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies 16 (1–2): 1–14. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ku, Agnes S.
2007 “Constructing and contesting the ‘order’ imagery in media discourse: Implications for civil society in Hong Kong.” Asian Journal of Communication 17 (2):186–200. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ku, Agnes Shuk-mei
2020 “New forms of youth activism – Hong Kong’s Anti-Extradition Bill movement in the local-national-global nexus.” Space and Polity 24 (1): 111–117. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lee, Chin-Chuan, Joseph M. Chan, Zhongdang Pan, and Clement. Y. K. So
2000 “National Prisms of a Global Media Event.” In Mass Media and Society, ed. by James Curran, and Michael Gurevitch, 295–309. London: Arnold.Google Scholar
Lee, Chin-Chuan, Joseph M. Chan, Zhongdang Pan, and Clement Y. K. So
2002Global Media Spectacle: News War Over Hong Kong. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
Lee, Francis L. F.
2014 “Triggering the Protest Paradigm: Examining Factors Affecting News Coverage of Protests.” International Journal of Communication 8 (22): 2725–2746.Google Scholar
2018 “Internet Alternative Media, Movement Experience, and Radicalism: The Case of Post-Umbrella Movement Hong Kong.” Social Movement Studies 17 (2): 219–233. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2020a “Social Media and the Spread of Fake News during a Social Movement: The 2019 Anti-ELAB Protests in Hong Kong.” Communication and the Public 5 (3–4): 122–125. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2020b “Solidarity in the Anti-Extradition Bill Movement in Hong Kong.” Critical Asian Studies 52 (1): 18–32. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lee, Francis L. F., and Joseph M. Chan
2011Media, Social Mobilisation and Mass Protests in Post-colonial Hong Kong. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Lee, Francis L. F., Edmund W. Cheng, Hai Liang, Gary K. Y. Tang, and Samson Yuen
2021 “Dynamics of Tactical Radicalisation and Public Receptiveness in Hong Kong’s Anti-Extradition Bill Movement.” Journal of Contemporary Asia: 1–23. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lee, Francis L. F., Gary K. Y. Tang, Samson Yuen, and Edmund W. Cheng
2020 “Five Demands and (Not Quite) Beyond: Claim Making and Ideology in Hong Kong’s Anti-Extradition Bill Movement.” Communist and Post-Communist Studies 53 (4): 22–40. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lee, Junghi, and Robert L. Craig
1992 “News as an Ideological Framework: Comparing US Newspapers’ Coverage of Labor Strikes in South Korea and Poland.” Discourse and Society 3 (3): 341–363. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Liu, Ming
2015 “Scapegoat or Manipulated Victim? Metaphorical Representations of the Sino-US Currency Dispute in Chinese and American Financial News.” Text and Talk 35 (3): 337–357. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2017 “Contesting the Cynicism of Neoliberalism: A Corpus-assisted Discourse Study of Press Representations of the Sino-US Currency Dispute.” Journal of Language and Politics 16 (2): 242–263. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2020 “One City, Two Stories: Competing Discursive Constructions of Postcolonial Hong Kong in Chinese and American Newspapers.” In Working with Discourses: Corpus and Systemic Functional Perspectives, ed. by Josef Schmied, Chenguang Chang, and Matthias Hofmann, 143–160. Göttingen: Cuvillier Verlag.Google Scholar
Liu, Ming, and Cong Jiang
2019 “Constant Fear, But Lingering Nostalgia: British Press Representations of Post-colonial Hong Kong 20 Years on.” Discourse and Communication 13 (6): 630–646. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Liu, Ming, and Jiali Zhong
2020 “Between National and Local: Identity Representations of Post-colonial Hong Kong in a Local English Newspaper.” Discourse, Context and Media. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Martin, Martin F.
2007Hong Kong: Ten Years after the Handover. Washington D.C.: CRS Report for Congress.Google Scholar
Martín Rojo, Luisa
2014 “Occupy: The spatial dynamics of discourse in global protest movements.” Journal of Language and Politics 13 (4):583–598. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mautner, Gerlinde
2009a “Checks and Balances: How Corpus Linguistics Can Contribute to CDA.” In Methods of Critical Discourse Studies (2nd Edition), ed. by Ruth Wodak, and Michael Meyer, 122–143. London: Sage.Google Scholar
2009b “Corpora and Critical Discourse Analysis.” In Contemporary Corpus Linguistics, ed. by Paul Baker, 32–46. New York: Continuum.Google Scholar
McLeod, Douglas. M.
2007 “News Coverage and Social Protest: How the Media’s Protect Paradigm Exacerbates Social Conflict.” Journal of Dispute Resolution (1): 185–194.Google Scholar
McLeod, Douglas M., Hertog, James K.
1999 “Social Control, Social Change and the Mass Media’s Role in the Regulation of Protest Groups.” In Mass Media, Social Control and Social Change: A Macrosocial Perspective, ed. by David Demers, and Kasisomayajula Viswanath, 305–330. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press.Google Scholar
Partington, Alan
2004 “Corpora and Discourse, a Most Congruous Beast.” In Corpora and Discourse, ed. by Alan Partington, John Morley, and Louann Haarman, 11–20. Bern: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
Purbrick, Martin
2019 “A Report of the 2019 Hong Kong Protests.” Asian Affairs 50 (4): 465–487. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Shoemaker, Pamela. J.
1982 “The Perceived Legitimacy of Deviant Political Groups: Two Experiments on Media Effects.” Communication Research 9 (2): 249–286. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Shoemaker, Pamela J.
1984 “Media Treatment of Deviant Political Groups.” Journalism Quarterly 61 (1): 66–82. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Strömbäck, Jesper
2008 “Four Phases of Mediatization: An Analysis of the Mediatization of Politics.” The International Journal of Press/Politics 13 (3): 228–246. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Thomas, Tanja, and Miriam Stehling
2015 “The Communicative Construction of FEMEN: Naked Protest in Self-mediation and German Media Discourse.” Feminist Media Studies 16 (1): 86–100. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Trew, Tony
1979 “Theory and Ideology at Work.” In Language and Control, ed. by Roger Fowler, Bob Hodge, Gunther Kress, and Tony Trew, 94–116. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Uldam, Julie
2013 “Activism and the Online Mediation Opportunity Structure: Attempts to Impact Global Climate Change Policies?Policy and Internet 5 (1): 56–75. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
van Dijk, Teun A.
1991Racism and the Press. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
2011Discourse Studies: A Multidisciplinary Introduction. London: Sage. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wang, Guofeng, and Xueqin Ma
2021 “Were They Illegal Rioters or Pro-democracy Protestors? Examining the 2019–20 Hong Kong Protests in China Daily and The New York Times .” Critical Arts. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wisler, Dominique, and Marco Giugni
1999 “Under the Spotlight: The Impact of Media Attention on Protest Policing.” Mobilization: An International Quarterly 4 (2): 171–187. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wittebols, James H.
1996 “News from the Noninstitutional World: US and Canadian Television News Coverage of Social Protest.” Political Communication 13 (3): 345–361. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wodak, Ruth, and Bernhard Forchtner
2018The Routledge Handbook of Language and Politics. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Wodak, Ruth, and Michael Meyer
2016a “Critical Discourse Studies: History, Agenda, Theory and Methodology.” In Methods of Critical Discourse Studies (Third Edition), ed. by Ruth Wodak, and Michael Meyer, 1–22. London: Sage.Google Scholar
(Eds.) 2016bMethods of Critical Discourse Analysis. London: Sage.Google Scholar
Woller, Almut
2018 “Self-mediation Practices of Arab Anarchists.” In Digital Media and the Politics of Transformation in the Arab World and Asia, ed. by Carola Richter, Anna Antonakis, and Cilja Harders, 35–60. Wiesbaden: Springer. CrossrefGoogle Scholar