Discursive illusions in the American National Strategy for Combating Terrorism
Social realities are often negotiated and determined by elite groups of society, including political and religious leaders, the mass media, and even professional experts, who give meaning to complex, multifaceted constructs such as terrorism consistent with their individual socio-political agendas. The Bush Administrations National Strategy for Combating Terrorism (NSCT) (2003) defines what we the public and media understand by the term terrorism; who are terrorists; what constitutes terrorism; how we can fight terrorism, etc. In order to convince audiences that the version of reality that the NSCT is representing is the objective truth, particular themes such as the construction of religion, Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs), orientalism, and attack vs. self-defence, typically realised through the use of rhetorical resources such as category work, appeals to historicity, negative other-presentation, and the use of metaphor, are utilised. Metaphors are used to construct new and alternate realities. They allow a subjective conceptualisation of reality to appear more convincing through the invocation of emotions and ideologies. Drawing on a detailed analysis of NSCT, the paper investigates how metaphors are combined with other features of language and rhetoric to achieve the themes mentioned above enabling the discourse of illusion to take effect.
Keywords: discourse of illusion, terrorism, metaphor, membership categorisation analysis, National Strategy for Combating Terrorism
Published online: 03 November 2008
Cited by 20 other publications
Bhatia, Aditi & Vijay K. Bhatia
BHATIA, VIJAY K. & ADITI BHATIA
Nartey, Mark & Aditi Bhatia
Nartey, Mark & Ernanda
Ross, Andrew S & Aditi Bhatia
Ross, Andrew S. & Gwynne Mapes
Windsor, Leah C., Nia Dowell & Art Graesser
Yang, Liu & Huailin Chen
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 19 september 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.
Al- Da’mi, Muhammed A.
2005 August 3. Rewording the “war on terror”. In: Middle East International, News Analysis. Retrieved from http://meionline.com/newsanalysis/print391.shtml
Bednarek, Monika A.
Brekle, Herbert E.
Butt, David G.
De Cillia, Rudolf
2004 April 25. Orwellian Olsens. In: New York Times. Retrieved from www. nytimes.com.
Egan, Danielle R.
Taiwan Under American Pressure to Accelerate Weapons Purchases. In: South China Morning Post, China, p6.
4/2/04. U.S. Legitmacy in the Iraq War. In: International Herald Tribune, World News, Focus.
Elshtain, Jean B.
Foster, Gregory D.
Gal. Susan & Irvine, Judith T.
Graham, Phil & Luke, Allan
Hart, Joseph K.
Hess, Stephen & Kalb, Marvin
eds The Media and the War on Terrorism Washington Brookings Institution Press
Hilton, James L & von Hippel, William
International Herald Tribune
2006 September 28. Bush Administration Pushes Congress to Approve Indian Nuclear Deal Now; Success Uncertain. Retrieved from http://www.iht.com
Ihonvbere, Julius O.
Llorente, Marina A.
Lazar, Anita & Lazar, Michelle M.
Llorente, Marina A.
Makitalo, Asa & Saljo, Roger
Noor, Farish A.
Rediehs, Laura J.
(2002, 2003) From Science to God: The Mystery of Consciousness and the Meaning of Light. Retrieved from at http://www.peterussell.com/SG/contents.html
Robins, Shani & Mayer, Richard E.
Smith, Susan L.
Spivey, Nancy N.
Tanford, S. & Penrod, S.
Tillman, Frank A.
2000 The Roots of Sound Rational Thinking. Retrieved from http://www. plusroot.com
Van der Velk, Ineke
Van Dijk, Teun A.
Weinberg, Leonard B. & Davis, Paul B.