Article published in:
Journal of Language and Sexuality
Vol. 12:1 (2023) ► pp. 98134
Barrett, Rusty
1995Supermodels of the world, unite! Political economy and the language of performance among African-American drag queens. In Beyond the Lavender Lexicon: Authenticity, Imagination, and Appropriation in Lesbian and Gay Languages, William Leap (ed), 207–226. Newark: Gordon and Breach.Google Scholar
Baumeister, Roy, Zhang, Liqing & Vohs, Kathleen D.
2004Gossip as Cultural Learning. Review of General Psychology 8(2): 111–121. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bhabha, Homi
2012The Location of Culture. New York: Routledge. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Blaque, Kat
2016Performative blackness and the problem of ‘RuPaul’s Drag Race’. https://​www​.huffpost​.com​/entry​/performative​-blackness​-an​_b​_9545212 (March 20, 2020)
Brown, Penelope & Levinson, Stephen
1987Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bucholtz, Mary & Lopez, Quiana
2011Performing blackness, forming whiteness: Linguistic minstrelsy in Hollywood films. Journal of Sociolinguistics 151: 680–706. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Butler, Judith
1993Bodies that Matter: On the Discursive Limits of Sex. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Charles, RuPaul
2007Lettin’ It All Hang Out: An Autobiography. New York: Hyperion Books.Google Scholar
Coupland, Nikolas
2007Style: Language Variation and Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Crenshaw, Kimberle
1989Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex: A black feminist critique of antidiscrimination doctrine, feminist theory and antiracist politics. University of Chicago Legal Forum 81: 139–168.Google Scholar
D’Addario, Daniel
2014Let’s talk about white gays ‘stealing black female culture’. New York Magazine. https://​www​.thecut​.com​/2014​/07​/why​-White​-gays​-steal​-black​-female​-culture​.html (March 20, 2020)
Dynel, Marta
2016Conceptualizing conversational humour as (im)politeness: The case of film talk. Journal of Politeness Research 121: 117–147. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Eberhardt, Maeve & Freeman, Kara
2015‘First things first, I’m the realest’: Linguistic appropriation, white privilege, and the hip-hop persona of Iggy Azalea. Journal of Sociolinguistics 19(3): 303–327. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Eble, Connie C.
1996Slang and Sociability: In-Group Language Among College Students. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
Forbes-Vierling, Suzanne
2018Stop calling it “Cultural Appropriation” and call it what it is: Colonialism. Afropunk: The Race Card. https://​afropunk​.com​/2018​/06​/stop​-calling​-it​-cultural​-appropriation​-and​-call​-it​-what​-it​-is​-colonialism/ (March 20, 2020)
Goffman, Erving
1959The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
Goldsby, Jackie
1993Queens of language: Paris is Burning. In Queer Looks, Martha Gever, Pratibha Parmar & John Greyson (eds), 108–115. New York: Routledge Press.Google Scholar
Harris-Perry, Melissa
2013Sister Citizen: Shame, Stereotypes, and Black Women in America. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Henderson, Taylor
2018These statistics prove Drag Race fans have a preference for White queens. https://​www​.pride​.com​/rupaulsdragrace​/2018​/6​/22​/these​-statistics​-prove​-drag​-race​-fans​-have​-preference​-White​-queens (March 20, 2020)
Henry, Ben
2019Black “RuPaul’s Drag Race” queens discuss the racism they’ve experienced from fans of the show and how it affects their success. Buzzfeed News. https://​www​.buzzfeed​.com​/benhenry​/rupauls​-drag​-race​-fandom​-racism (March 20, 2020)
Hey Qween
2015Hey qween! BONUS: Morgan McMichaels is the Scottish scandal | Hey Qween. YouTube. https://​www​.youtube​.com​/watch​?v​=vHu6avU62t4 (March 20, 2020)
hooks, bell
1992Black Looks: Race and Representation. Boston: South End Press.Google Scholar
Jung, Alex
2016Real talk with RuPaul. New York Magazine: Vulture. https://​www​.vulture​.com​/2016​/03​/rupaul​-drag​-race​-interview​.html (March 20, 2020)
Labov, William, Ash, Sharon & Boberg, Charles
2006The Atlas of North American English. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Lakoff, Robin Tolmach
1975Language and Woman’s Place. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Lave, Jean & Wenger, Etienne
1991Situated Learning: Legitimate Peripheral Participation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lewis, Jioni, Mendenhall, Ruby, Harwood, Stacy & Browne Huntt, Margaret
2016“Ain’t I a woman?”: Perceived gendered racial microaggressions experienced by Black women. The Counseling Psychologist 44(5): 758–778. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Martineau, William H.
1972A model of the social functions of humor. In The Psychology of Humor, Jeffrey Goldstein & Paul McGhee (eds), 101–125. New York: Academic Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mannie, Sierra
2014Dear White gays: Stop stealing Black female culture. https://​time​.com​/2969951​/dear​-White​-gays​-stop​-stealing​-black​-female​-culture/ (March 20, 2020)
Maron, Marc
2014Episode 496 – RuPaul Charles. WTF with Marc Maron Podcast. http://​www​.wtfpod​.com​/podcast​/episodes​/episode​_498​_-​_rupaul​_charles (March 20, 2020)
Morgan, Marcyliena
2005African American women’s language: Mother tongues untied. In The Oxford Handbook of African American Language, Jennifer Bloomquist, Lisa Green & Sonja L. Lanehart (eds), 817–833. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
McConnell-Ginet, Sally
1988Language and gender. In Linguistics: The Cambridge Survey IV, Language: The Sociocultural Context, Frederick Newmeyer (ed), 75–99. New York: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Montlack, Michael
(ed) 2009My Diva: 65 Gay Men on the Women Who Inspire Them. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
Paris is Burning
1990 Directed by Jenny Livingston. Miramax Films.Google Scholar
Patton, Stacey
2009What is this “thing” with gay men and divas? The Defenders Online. http://​www​.thedefendersonline​.com​/2009​/05​/01​/what​-is​-this​-“thing”​-with​-gay​-men​-and​-divas/ (January 15, 2015)
Pratt, Andy
2017Cultural appropriation: Theft or fair exchange? The Conversation. https://​theconversation​.com​/cultural​-appropriation​-theft​-or​-fair​-exchange​-74892 (March 20, 2020)
Poceski, Mario
2020Mindfulness, cultural appropriation, and the global diffusion of Buddhist contemplative practices. International Journal for the Study of Chan Buddhism and Human Civilization 71: 1–15.Google Scholar
Reyes, Angela
2005Appropriation of African American slang by Asian American youth. Journal of Sociolinguistics 91: 509–532. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Sass.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster. https://​www​.merriam​-webster​.com​/dictionary​/sass (March 20, 2020)
Schiller, Rebecca
2018‘Drag Race’ queens tackle racism in the drag fandom: Watch. Billboard. https://​www​.billboard​.com​/articles​/news​/pride​/8488635​/drag​-race​-racism​-drag​-fandom (March 20, 2020)
Scott, Karla
2000Crossing cultural borders: ‘Girl’ and ‘look’ as markers of identity in Black women’s language use. Discourse and Society 11(2): 237–248. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Shaw, Andrea Elizabeth
2006The Embodiment of Disobedience: Fat Black Women’s Unruly Political Bodies. Oxford: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
Sica, Aïssa
2019The westernization of yoga: Between misconceptions, cultural appropriation, and no inclusivity. Womxn of Color. https://​aissa​-sica​.com​/2019​/09​/29​/westernization​-yoga​-between​-misconceptions​-cultural​-appropriation​-and​-no​-inclusivity/ (March 20, 2020)
Simmons, Nathaniel
2014Speaking like a queen in RuPaul’s Drag Race: Towards a speech code of American drag queens. Sexuality & Culture 181: 630–648. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2021 “Yes black and Italian”, 21 December 2021, https://​twitter​.com​/tatiannanow​/status​/943946934645133312 (March 20, 2020)
To Wong Foo, Thanks for Everything! Julie Newmar
1995 Directed by Beeban Kidron. Amblin Entertainment.Google Scholar
Trix, Frances
1993Spiritual Discourse: Learning with an Islamic Master. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
van Kessel, Looi
2016Digital drag: Queer potentiality in the age of digital television. In Queer TV in the 21st Century: Essays on Broadcasting from Taboo to Acceptance, Kylo-Patrick Hart (ed), 111–127. Jefferson: McFarland.Google Scholar
Wert, Sarah & Salovey, Peter
2004A social comparison account of gossip. Review of General Psychology 81: 122–137. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
West, Carolyn
2008Mammy, Jezebel, Sapphire, and their homegirls: Developing an “oppositional gaze” toward the images of Black women. In Lectures on the Psychology of Women (Fourth edition), J. Chrisler, C. Golden & P. Rozee (eds), 286–299. New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar