Article published in:
Pink Dot: Discursive Formations, Constructions, and Contestations
Edited by Adi Saleem Bharat, Pavan Mano and Robert Phillips
[Journal of Language and Sexuality 10:2] 2021
► pp. 129156


Abousnnouga, Gill & Machin, David
2013The Language of War Monuments, Visual Discourses of War: A Multimodal Approach. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
[ p. 153 ]
Adam, Barry D., Duyvendak, Jan Willem & Krouwel, André
(eds) 1999The Global Emergence of Gay and Lesbian Politics: National Imprints of a Worldwide Movement. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
Altman, Dennis
2001Global Sex. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Barthes, Roland
1973Mythologies. London: Paladin.Google Scholar
1977Image – Music – Text. London: Fontana.Google Scholar
Bateman, John
2011The decomposability of semiotic modes. In Multimodal Studies: Exploring Issues and Domains, Kay O’Halloran & Bradley Smith (eds), 17–38. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Bell, David & Gill, Valentine
1995Introduction: Orientations. In Mapping Desire: Geographies of Sexualities, David Bell & Gill Valentine (eds), 1–27. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Benjamin, Geoffrey
1976The cultural logic of Singapore’s ‘multiracialism’. In Singapore: Society in Transition, Riaz Hassan (ed), 115–133. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Bob, Clifford
(ed) 2009The International Struggle for New Human Rights. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Borsuk, Richard & Chua, Reginald
1998Singapore strains relations with Indonesia’s president. The Wall Street Journal, August 4.Google Scholar
Brown, Wendy
1995States of Injury: Power and Freedom in Late Modernity. Princeton: Princeton University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chong, Jean
2019LGBTQ activism in Singapore. In A History of Human Rights Society in Singapore: 1965–2015, Jiyoung Song (ed), 150–168. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Chua, Beng Huat
2003Multiculturalism: An instrument of social control. Race & Class 44(3): 58–77. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2005Taking Group Rights Seriously: Multiracialism in Singapore. Murdoch, WA: Murdoch University, Asia Research Centre.Google Scholar
2009Being Chinese under official multiculturalism in Singapore: Asian Ethnicity 10(3): 239–250. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chua, Lynette J.
2012Pragmatic resistance, law, and social movements in authoritarian states: The case of gay collective action in Singapore: Pragmatic resistance. Law & Society Review 46(4): 713–748. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2014Mobilizing Gay Singapore: Rights and Resistance in an Authoritarian State. Pennsylvania: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
2017Collective litigation and the constitutional challenges to decriminalizing homosexuality in Singapore. Journal of Law and Society 44(3): 433–455. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Currier, Ashley
2009Deferral of legal tactics: A global LGBT social movement organization’s perspective. In Queer Mobilizations: LGBT Activists Confront the Law, Scott Barclay, Mary Bernstein, & Anna-Maria Marshall (eds), 21–37. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
Duggan, Lisa
2003The Twilight of Equality? Neoliberalism, Cultural Politics, and the Attack on Democracy. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
Fernandez, Luis A.
2008Policing Dissent: Social Control and the Anti-Globalization Movement. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
[ p. 154 ]
Foucault, Michel
1978The History of Sexuality. New York: Pantheon Books.Google Scholar
1982The subject and power. Critical Inquiry 8(4): 777–795. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
George, Cherian
2007Consolidating authoritarian rule: Calibrated coercion in Singapore. The Pacific Review 20(2): 127–145. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2012Freedom from the Press: Journalism and State Power in Singapore. Singapore: NUS Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Halliday, Michael
1978Language as Social Semiotic: The Social Interpretation of Language and Meaning. London: Edward Arnold.Google Scholar
Hildebrandt, Timothy
2013Social Organizations and the Authoritarian State in China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hodge, Robert & Gunther Kress
1993Language as Ideology. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Hor, Michael
2012Enforcement of 377A: Entering the Twilight Zone. In Queer Singapore: Illiberal Citizenship and Mediated Cultures, Audrey Yue & Jun Zubillaga-Pow (eds), 45–58. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jagose, Annamarie
1996Queer Theory: An Introduction. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
Koller, Veronika
2008‘Not just a colour’: Pink as a gender and sexuality marker in visual communication. Visual Communication 7(4): 395–423. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kress, Gunther & Theo van Leeuwen
1996Reading Images: The Grammar of Visual Design. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Kress, Gunther & van Leeuwen, Theo
2002Colour as a semiotic mode: Notes for a grammar of colour. Visual Communication 1(3): 343–368. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2006Reading Images: The Grammar of Visual Design. 2nd ed. London: Routledge. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lazar, Michelle M.
2017Homonationalist discourse as a politics of pragmatic resistance in Singapore’s Pink Dot movement: Towards a southern praxis. Journal of Sociolinguistics 21(3): 420–441. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lee, Hsien Loong
2007Speech to Parliament on Reading of Penal Code (Amendment) Bill. Singapore: Hansard.Google Scholar
2008National Day Rally 2008. Singapore: University Cultural Centre.Google Scholar
Machin, David
2013What is multimodal critical discourse studies. Critical Discourse Studies 10(4): 347–355. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Merry, Sally E.
2006Human Rights and Gender Violence: Translating International Law into Local Justice. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Mutalib, Hussin
2000Illiberal democracy and the future of opposition in Singapore. Third World Quarterly 21(2): 313–342. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ng, Yi-Sheng
2017Pride versus prudence: The precarious queer politics of Pink Dot. Inter-Asia Cultural Studies 18(2): 238–250. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ong, Justin
2017Singapore to Block Foreigners from Promoting Political Causes Locally. CNA. Retrieved from https://​www​.channelnewsasia​.com​/news​/singapore​/singapore​-to​-block​-foreigners​-from​-promoting​-political​-causes​-lo​-8712130 (16 March 2020).
Oswin, Natalie
2014Queer time in global city Singapore: Neoliberal futures and the ‘freedom to love’. Sexualities 17(4): 412–433. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
O’Toole, Michael
1994The Language of Displayed Art. Leicester: Leicester University Press.Google Scholar
[ p. 155 ]
Phillips, Robert
2013‘We aren’t really that different’: Globe-hopping discourse and queer rights in Singapore. Journal of Language and Sexuality 2(1): 122–144. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2020Virtual Activism: Sexuality, the Internet, and a Social Movement in Singapore. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pink Dot SG
2017aAnnouncement on Speakers Corner Restrictions for Pink Dot SG 2017. Retrieved from https://​pinkdot​.sg​/2017​/05​/announcement​-on​-speakers​-corner​-restrictions​-for​-pink​-dot​-sg​-2017/ (16 March 2020).
2019About. Retrieved from https://​pinkdot​.sg​/about​-pink​-dot​-sg​/22 (October 2019).
Radics, George
2015Section 377A in Singapore and the (de)criminalization of homosexuality. Reconstructions 15(2): 1–29.Google Scholar
2019‘First world problems’ in the ‘third world’? LGBT rights in Singapore. In Criminal Legalities in the Global South: Cultural Dynamics, Political Tensions, and Institutional Practices, Pablo Ciocchini & George Radics (eds), 32–51. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
Ramdas, Kamalini
2013Contesting landscapes of familyhood: Singlehood, the AWARE Saga and the Pink Dot celebrations. In Changing Landscapes of Singapore: Old Tensions, New Discoveries, Elaine Lynn-Ee Ho, Chih Yuan Woon & Kamalini Ramdas (eds), 109–125. Singapore: NUS Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Rodan, Garry
2003Embracing electronic media but suppressing civil society: Authoritarian consolidation in Singapore. The Pacific Review 16(4): 503–524. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sim, Dewey
2019How Singapore’s LGBT movement became a force where others struggle. South China Morning Post. Retrieved from https://​www​.scmp​.com​/week​-asia​/society​/article​/3012777​/pink​-dot​-how​-singapores​-lgbt​-movement​-became​-tangible​-force​-where (13 November 2019).
Sinha, Vineeta
2005Theorising ‘talk’ about ‘religious pluralism’ and ‘religious harmony’ in Singapore. Journal of Contemporary Religion 20(1): 25–40. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Spires, Anthony J.
2011Contingent symbiosis and civil society in an authoritarian state: Understanding the survival of China’s grassroots NGOs. American Journal of Sociology 117(1): 1–45. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Stein, Arlene & Plummer, Ken
1994‘I can’t even think straight’: ‘Queer’ theory and the missing sexual revolution in sociology. Sociological Theory 12(2): 178–187. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tan, Kenneth Paul
2012‘The ideology of pragmatism: Neo-liberal globalisation and political authoritarianism in Singapore’. Journal of Contemporary Asia 42(1): 67–92. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tan, Kenneth Paul & Gary Lee
2007Imagining the gay community in Singapore. Critical Asian Studies 39(2): 179–204. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
van Leeuwen, Theo
1999Speech, Music, Sound. London: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
[ p. 156 ]
2006Towards a semiotics of typography. Information Design Journal + Document Design 14(2): 139–155. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2008New forms of writing: New visual competencies. Visual Studies 23(2): 130–135. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Way, Lyndon, & Simon McKerrell
2017Music as Multimodal Discourse: Semiotics, Power and Protest. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
Yue, Audrey
2012Queer Singapore: A critical introduction. In Queer Singapore: Illiberal Citizenship and Mediated Cultures, Audrey Yue & Jun Zubillaga-Pow (eds), 1–29. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar