This paper describes morphological and syntactic variation in a sample of forty conversations among highly educated Jamaicans taken from the Jamaican component of the International Corpus of English. The guiding question is whether the creole continuum model can account for the way speakers like these, who have a full command of acrolectal Jamaican English and tend to be proficient in Jamaican Creole as well, make use of the range of varieties available to them. Variation in the data is approached from two angles: first, selected variables are analysed quantitatively, and the results are compared to findings for more formal types of texts in the same corpus; second, inter- and intra-textual variation in the sample is described qualitatively. In broad quantitative terms, the data fall in between the ‘high acrolect’ and the upper mesolect but there are fine distinctions in the degree to which Creole features are used in different conversations or segments thereof. Building on Allsopp’s distinction between ‘informal’ and ‘anti-formal’ usage, the paper proposes that morphological and syntactic variation in educated Jamaican speech can be described in the framework of a stylistic continuum, whose relation to the sociolinguistic continuum seems to be a close but complex one.
2010. Modal Verb Usage at the Interface of English and a Related Creole: A Corpus-based Study of Can/Could and Will/Would in Trinidadian English. Journal of English Linguistics 38:2 ► pp. 105 ff.
Farquharson, Joseph T.
Dagmar Deuber , English in the Caribbean: Variation, style and standards in Jamaica and Trinidad. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014. Pp. 283. Hb. $99.. Language in Society 45:4 ► pp. 605 ff.
2012. Standard English and standards of English. In Standards of English, ► pp. 1 ff.
Karem, Rachel Wright & Karla N. Washington
2021. The Cultural and Diagnostic Appropriateness of Standardized Assessments for Dual Language Learners: A Focus on Jamaican Preschoolers. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools 52:3 ► pp. 807 ff.
Karem, Rachel Wright, Karla N. Washington & Kathryn Crowe
2022. Cross-linguistic interactions in the spontaneous productions of preschoolers who speak Jamaican-Creole and English. Speech, Language and Hearing 25:3 ► pp. 325 ff.
2023. Variation in the imperfective in Bahamian English. World Englishes 42:1 ► pp. 27 ff.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 28 november 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
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