The acquisition of rhotics by child L2 and L3 learners
This study investigated how previous linguistic experience and universal strategies guide the acquisition of phonology in the classroom. More specifically, it focused on the possible advantages that bilingual children have over monolingual children. Thirty-four children completed a picture-naming task: 9 Spanish native speakers, 19 English native speakers acquiring Spanish as L2 and 6 Korean-English bilinguals acquiring Spanish as L3. Results indicated that in general the children rapidly acquired native-like pronunciation of the Spanish rhotics, but the Korean-English bilinguals outperformed the English-speaking children. We propose that although previous linguistic knowledge plays a role in L2 and L3 acquisition, children are able to overcome transfer errors because they are guided by universal developmental strategies from the initial stages of acquisition. We suggest that if L3 learners have an advantage over L2 learners, this may be due to their complex linguistic knowledge and higher metalinguistic competence.
Keywords: child language acquisition, second language, third language, rhotics, Spanish
Published online: 04 December 2017
Anderson, R., & Smith, B.
Asher, J. J., & Garcia, R.
(2001) Las vibrantes del español: Manifestaciones acústicas y procesos fonéticos. Unpublished Doctoral dissertation. Retrieved from: 〈https://ddd.uab.cat/pub/tesis/2001/tdx-0111102-110913/bbf1de3.pdfhttps://ddd.uab.cat/pub/tesis/2001/tdx-0111102-110913/bbf1de3.pdf〉
Blom, E., Paradis, J., & Sorenson Duncan, T.
Bruck, M., & Genesse, F.
Carballo, G., & Mendoza, E.
Chen, X., Anderson, R. C., Li, W., Hao, M., Wu, X., & Shu, H.
Face, T. L.
(2006) Intervocalic rhotic pronounciation by adult learners of Spanish as a second language. In C. A. Klee & T. L. Face (Eds.), Selected Proceedings of the 7th Conference on the Acquisition of Spanish and Portuguese as First and Second Language (pp. 47–58). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
Ferguson, C., & Debose, C.
Flege, James E.
Flege, J. E., Takagi, N., & Mann, V.
Flege, J. E., Munro, M., & MacKay, I.
Granena, G., & Long, M. H.
Hecht, B. F., & Mulford, R.
Ingram, J. C. L., & Park, S.-G.
Lewis, A. M.
Major, R. C.
Meisel, J. M.
(2007) From Russian to Polish: Positive transfer in third language acquisition. 16th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Saarbrücken (pp. 1745–1748).
Olsen M. K.
Piske, T., MacKay, I. R. A., & Flege, J. E.
Reeder, J. T.
Sheldon, A., & Winifred, S.
Schwartz, B. D.
Tremblay, M. C.
(2007) L2 influence on L3 pronunciation: Nativelike VOT in the L3 Japanese of EnglishFrench bilinguals. Paper presented at the Satellite Workshop of ICPhS XVI, Freiburg, Germany, 3–4 August 2007.
Widdison, K. A.
Winitz, H., Gillespie, B., & Starcev, J.
(2010) Phonological cross-linguistic influence in third or additional language acquisition. Proceedings of 6th New Sounds 2010, Poznań, 566–571.
Yelland, G. W., Pollard, J., & Mercuri, A.
Cited by 3 other publications
Kopečková, Romana, Christine Dimroth & Ulrike Gut
Repiso-Puigdelliura, Gemma & Ji Young Kim
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 19 august 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.