Article published in:Imperative Clauses in Generative Grammar: Studies in honour of Frits Beukema
Edited by Wim van der Wurff
[Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 103] 2007
► pp. 297–322
Imperatives in English occur with Subject do(n’t) order as well as with the reverse order do(n’t) Subject . Well-established assumptions about inverted order in interrogatives have led previous studies to assume that in apparently inverted imperative constructions, do(n’t) has similarly been placed in C above the subject in SpecIP. I argue that the (non-)inverted orders rather occur because there is variation in the position of subjects in imperatives. This analysis is shown to account for a cluster of other properties that characterise the imperative. The syntax of imperatives is relevant to a number of current issues in syntactic theory, such as the status of the EPP, the motivation for Move and the apparent problem of optional displacement.
Published online: 13 July 2007