Edited by Victoria Camacho-Taboada, Ángel L. Jiménez-Fernández, Javier Martín-González and Mariano Reyes-Tejedor
[Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 197] 2013
► pp. 217–254
Clause-typing by  – the loss of the 2nd person pronoun du 'you' in Dutch, Frisian and Limburgian dialects
The 2nd person singular pronoun du ‘you’ has been replaced by new pronouns gij/jij/jii in many Dutch dialects. The standard explanation attributes du’s decline to the emerging honorific plural pronouns such as gij ‘you’ in singular use. In this study we trace a purely syntactic trigger for this change, thus replacing sociolinguistic and paradigmatic explanations (deflection). Using dialect geographic tools of the GTRP dialect database, we found a significant correlation between the loss of du and the rise of double present tense paradigms (direct and inverse). By defining two types of Verb Second, C-type V2 (Den Besten) and C/T-type V2 (Zwart), we show that a transition between those types predicts the loss of position-dependent spelled out pronouns such as du. The factor that blocks Den Besten-type V2 structures in clauses with  in Dutch dialects is the clause-typing property of the feature , which generate a violation that is similar to the that-trace violations with the [WH] feature. Keywords: verb second; that-trace effect; clause-typing; position-dependent spell out; pronouns; inflection; person
Cited by 2 other publications
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