Article published in:In Search of Universal Grammar: From Old Norse to Zoque
Edited by Terje Lohndal
[Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 202] 2013
► pp. 111–130
Non-finite adjuncts in French
In this paper, I discuss the morphological build-up of the French gérondif en + V-ant and compare it to the present participle V-ant. On the basis of this discussion, en is to be treated as a prepositional complementizer just as de and à with infinitives. Arguments are given for a recategorization process of en from preposition to complementizer. The analysis is supported by facts from binding, agreement and cliticization. This means that the French gérondif, besides being verbal in nature, enters into clausal constructions just like the present participles. This conclusion enables us to revise some of the arguments in the literature for the gérondif as a mono-morphemic structure.
Published online: 17 January 2013