We previously reported communication disruption in schizophrenia at the pragmatic level, i.e., in the ability to match language and context. Pragmatic abilities interact with a number of cognitive functions, from Theory of Mind to executive control, which in turn are known to be compromised in schizophrenia. This study aims to explore the relationship between communication-related skills, assessed through a newly developed pragmatic protocol, and neuropsychological measures, including Theory of Mind, in a sample of 39 patients with schizophrenia. Among all neuropsychological domains assessed, verbal short term memory and executive functions seem to especially correlate with the comprehension of the pragmatic aspects of language. Other cognitive and socio-cognitive domains seem to correlate in a task-specific fashion, i.e., depending on the pragmatic task under investigation. Our findings suggest that, while there is a cognitive platform for pragmatic abilities, communicative behavior is at least partially independent of the global cognitive profile. Also, the effect of Theory of Mind is likely to be mediated by more basic cognitive functions.
2008Metaphor comprehension in Alzheimer’s disease: Novelty matters. Brain and Language 107: 1-10.
Anselmetti, S., Poletti, S., Ermoli, E., Bechi, M., Cappa, S., Venneri, A., Smeraldi, E. & Cavallaro, R
2008The brief assessment of cognition in schizophrenia. Normative data for the Italian population. Neurological Sciences: Official Journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology 29(2): 85-92.
Arcara G. & Bambini, V
2016A test for the Assessment of Pragmatic Abilities and Cognitive Substrates (APACS): Normative data and psychometric properties. Frontiers in Psychology 7: 70.
2008Analyzing Linguistic Data: A Practical Introduction to Statistics Using R. Cambridge: CUP.
Bagner, D.M., Melinder, M.R. & Barch, D.M
2003Language comprehension and working memory language comprehension and working memory deficits in patients with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research 60(2-3): 299-309.
Bambini, V., Gentili, C., Ricciardi, E., Bertinetto, P.M. & Pietrini, P
2011Decomposing metaphor processing at the neurocognitive and neural level through Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Brain Research Bulletin 86: 203-216.
Bambini, V. & Bara, B.G
2012Neuropragmatics. In Handbook of Pragmatics, J.-O. Östman & J. Verschueren (eds), 1-22. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Bambini, V., Ghio, M., Moro, A., Schumacher, P.B
2013Differentiating among pragmatic uses of words through timed sensicality judgments. Frontiers in Psychology 4: 938.
2013Social cognition as a mediator between neurocognition and functional outcome in individuals at clinical high risk for psychosis. Schizophrenia Research 150(2-3): 542-546.
Bechi, M., Bosia, M., Spangaro, M., Buonocore, M., Cocchi, F., Pigoni, A., Piantanida, M., Guglielmino, C., Bianchi, L., Smeraldi, E. & Cavallaro, R
2015Combined social cognitive and neurocognitive rehabilitation strategies in schizophrenia: Neuropsychological and psychopathological influences on Theory of Mind improvement. Psychological Medicine 11:1-11.
Bosia, M., Anselmetti, S., Pirovano, A., Ermoli, E., Marino, E., Bramanti, P., Smeraldi, E. & Cavallaro, R
2010HTTLPR functional polymorphism in schizophrenia: Executive functions vs sustained attention dissociation. Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry 34: 81-5.
Bosia, M., Anselmetti, S., Bechi, M., Lorenzi, C., Pirovano, A., Cocchi, F., Buonocore, M., Bramanti, P., Smeraldi, E. & Cavallaro, R
2011Effect of 5-HT1A-receptor functional polymorphism on Theory of Mind performances in schizophrenia. Psychiatry Reseach 188(2): 187-190.
Bosia, M., Riccaboni, R., Poletti, S
2012Neurofunctional correlates of Theory of Mind deficits in schizophrenia. Current Topics In Medicinal Chemistry 12: 2284-2302.
Bosia, M., Zanoletti, A., Spangaro, M., Buonocore, M., Bechi, M., Cocchi, F., Pirovano, A., Lorenzi, C., Bramanti, P., Smeraldi, E. & Cavallaro, R
2014Factors affecting cognitive remediation response in schizophrenia: The role of COMT gene and antipsychotic treatment. Psychiatry Research 217(1-2): 9-14.
Bosia, M., Arcara, G., Moro, A., Cavallaro, R. & Bambini, V
2015Pragmatic abilities across symptoms dimensions in schizophrenia. Studi Italiani di Linguistica Teorica e Applicata XLIV(3): 473-485.
2019. Interpreting physical and mental metaphors: Is Theory of Mind associated with pragmatics in middle childhood?. Journal of Child Language 46:2 ► pp. 393 ff.
Montemurro, Sonia, Sara Mondini, Matteo Signorini, Anna Marchetto, Valentina Bambini & Giorgio Arcara
2019. Pragmatic Language Disorder in Parkinson’s Disease and the Potential Effect of Cognitive Reserve. Frontiers in Psychology 10
Schaeken, Walter, Linde Van de Weyer, Marc De Hert & Martien Wampers
2021. The Role of Working Memory in the Processing of Scalar Implicatures of Patients With Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders. Frontiers in Psychology 12
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