Chapter published in:Contrastive Studies in Verbal Valency
Edited by Lars Hellan, Andrej L. Malchukov and Michela Cennamo
[Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 237] 2017
► pp. 27–82
Multiple case binding – The principled underspecification of case exponency
This paper attempts to demonstrate that all current definitions of case are based on a case-phenomenology that is not prototypical of the grammatical category of case. We argue that a good, i.e. a functioning, grammatical category is – per definitionem – organized in paradigms. We claim that the systematic research of paradigmatic case (still undertaken under different labels such as differential object marking/DOM) paves the way to a definition of the grammatical category of case that might be able to replace the existing definitions of case that all are far from being consensual (see the Introduction of Malchukov & Spencer 2009). In addition, we claim that the force driving the alternation between an unmarked source case and a more marked goal alternant from inside one single case paradigm is the compensation for underspecification of the source exponency under the pressure of such grammatical meaning changes as (in)definiteness, grammatical person, and aspectual specification.
- 1.How morphological case receives its category status
- 1.1The tradition – and where it falls short
- 1.2Syntagmatic case vs. paradigmatic case
- 1.3Syntagmatic case vs. paradigmatic case decided
- 1.4Case in wider context
- 2.Case determining dependency (among which: governing) status
- 2.2Paradigmatic case in synchrony and diachrony
- 2.2.1Towards the encoding of argument differentiality: Triggering conditions
- 2.2.2The accusative-prepositional case drift
- 2.2.3The subject nominative-genitive differential
- 2.2.4The object accusative-genitive differential
- 2.2.5The diachronic introduction of the article function
- 2.3Paradigmatic case assignment today
- 2.3.1The case-aspect differential
- 2.3.2The case-definiteness differential
- 2.3.4The negation-object case differential
- 2.3.5The adjectival-information structural differential
- 2.5Case with and without category status: The bare case-prepositional case differential
- 2.5.1Theta function and case sharing one single syntactic slot
- 2.5.2Theta function and case not sharing one single syntactic slot
- 2.5.3Apparent homo-functionalism
- 3.Subject differential marking as a sub-phenomenon of paradigmatic case assignment.
- 3.1DSM in Turkish
- 3.2DSM in Pontic Greek
- 4.Differential argument marking as a more general phenomenon of paradigmatic case assignment
- 5.Back to the notions of paradigmaticity as opposed to syntagmaticity – and the corresponding types of case assignment
- 6.Outlook – and a partial caveat
Published online: 30 April 2017
Abraham, Werner & Leiss, Elisabeth
Abraham, Werner & Nishiwaki, Maiko
2016 Modal verbs in German and definiteness effects in verbal complements – Focusing on Modern Standard German sollen and Middle High German suln ‘shall’. In Definiteness Effects: Bilingual, Typological, and Diachronic Variation, Susann Fischer, Tanja Kupisch & Esther Rinke (eds)., 244–277. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars.
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Cited by 1 other publications
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