Cross-linguistic influence in word order
Effects of age, dominance and surface overlap
The present study investigated cross-linguistic influence (CLI) in the word order of Dutch-English bilingual children, using elicited production and acceptability judgment tasks. The goal was to examine whether monolingual and bilingual children produced and/or accepted V2 word orders in English, as in * Yesterday painted she an apple. We investigated whether the likelihood of CLI was related to language dominance, age at testing, and the degree of surface overlap (i.e., V2 word orders with auxiliaries versus main verbs).
Even though none of the participants produced V2 word orders in English, in the acceptability judgment task bilingual children were more likely to accept V2 word orders than monolingual peers. Whilst monolinguals sometimes accepted V2 word orders with auxiliaries, bilinguals did so significantly more often (constituting a quantitative difference) and with main verbs, too (implying a qualitative difference). Therefore, we conclude that CLI can occur independently of surface overlap and that it can lead to both quantitative and qualitative differences between bilinguals and monolinguals. The likelihood of CLI was predicted by language dominance, but not by age. Some bilinguals still accepted V2 word orders at age ten, suggesting that in some cases CLI may be more persistent than previously thought.
- 1.1The role of surface overlap
- 1.2The role of language dominance
- 1.3The role of age
- 1.4Word order in Dutch and English
- 1.5Previous studies on word order and CLI
- 1.6Research questions and hypotheses
- 2.2.1Elicited production
- 2.2.2Acceptability judgments
- 2.2.3Vocabulary task
- 2.2.4Parental questionnaire
- 2.4Statistical analysis
- 3.1Bilinguals versus monolinguals
- 3.2The effect of dominance and age
Cited by 3 other publications
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 21 october 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.