References

References

Abrahamsson, N., & Hyltenstam, K.
(2008) The robustness of aptitude effects in near-native second language acquisition. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 30(4), 481–509. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2009) Age of onset and nativelikeness in a second language: Listener perception versus linguistic scrutiny. Language Learning, 59(2), 249–306. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Asher, J.J., & García, R.
(1969) The optimal age to learn a foreign language. The Modern Language Journal, 53, 334–341. Crossref[ p. 457 ]Google Scholar
Birdsong, D.
(1992) Ultimate attainment in second language acquisition. Language, 68(4), 706–755. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Coppieters, R.
(1987) Competence differences between native and near-native speakers. Language, 63, 544–573. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
DeKeyser, R.M.
(2000) The robustness of critical period effects in second language acquisition. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 22(4), 499–533.Google Scholar
(2012) Age effects in second language learning. In S. Gass, & A. Mackey (Eds.), Handbook of second language acquisition (pp. 442–460). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
DeKeyser, R.M., Alfi-Shabtay, I., & Ravid, D.
(2010) Cross-linguistic evidence for the nature of age effects in second language acquisition. Applied Psycholinguistics, 31(3), 413–438. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ferman, S., & Karni, A.
(2010) No childhood advantage in the acquisition of skill in using an artificial language rule. PLOS One, 5(10), 1–10. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gathercole, S.E.
(1999) Cognitive approaches to the development of short-term memory. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 3(11), 410–418. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gathercole, S.E., Pickering, S.J., Ambridge, B., & Wearing, H.
(2004) The structure of working memory from 4 to 15 years of age. Developmental Psychology, 40(2), 177–190. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hyltenstam, K.
(1988) Lexical characteristics of near-native second-language learners of Swedish. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 9, 67–84. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Johnson, J.S., & Newport, E.L.
(1989) Critical period effects in second language learning: The influence of maturational state on the acquisition of English as a second language. Cognitive Psychology, 21, 60–99. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Juffs, A., & Harrington, M.
(1995) Parsing effects in second language sentence processing: Subject and object asymmetries in wh-extraction. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 17(4), 483–516. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lenneberg, E.H.
(1967) Biological foundations of language. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
McDonald, J.L.
(2006) Beyond the critical period: Processing-based explanations for poor grammaticality judgment performance by late second language learners. Journal of Memory and Language, 55, 381–401. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Monner, D., Vatz, K., Morini, G., Hwang, S.-O., & DeKeyser, R.
(2013) A neural network model of the effects of entrenchment and memory development on grammatical gender learning. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 16(2), 246–265. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Patkowski, M.S.
(1980) The sensitive period for the acquisition of syntax in a second language. Language Learning, 30, 449–472. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Phillips, C., & Ehrenhofer, L.
(2015) The role of language processing in language acquisition. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 5. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Snow, C.E., & Hoefnagel-Höhle, M.
(1978) The critical period for language acquisition: Evidence from second language learning. Child Development, 49, 1114–1128. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Vatz, K.
(2009) Grammatical gender representation and processing in advanced second language learners of French. Unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Maryland.[ p. 458 ]