Cognitive Rhetoric

The cognitive poetics of political discourse

| Sheffield Hallam University
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027201546 | EUR 99.00 | USD 149.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027263445 | EUR 99.00 | USD 149.00
 
This book sets out a framework for investigating audience responses to political discourse. It starts from the premise that audiences are active participants who bring their own background knowledge and political standpoint to the communicative event. To operationalise this perspective, the volume draws on concepts from classical rhetoric alongside contemporary research in cognitive stylistics and cognitive linguistics (including schema theory, Text World Theory, Cognitive Grammar, and mind-modelling, amongst others). It examines the role played by the speaker’s identity, the arguments they make, and the emotions of the audience in the – often critical – reception of political text and talk, using a diversity of examples to illustrate this three-dimensional approach – from political speeches, interviews and newspaper articles, to more creative text-types such as politicised rap music, television satire and filmic drama. The result of this wide-ranging application is a holistic and systematic account of the rhetorical and ideological effects of political discourse in reception.
[Linguistic Approaches to Literature, 31]  2018.  xi, 235 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements
ix–x
List of figures
xi
Chapter 1. Preliminaries
2–24
Part I. Ethos
28–89
Chapter 2. Layers of ethos
28–58
Chapter 3. The conceptual ecology of ethos
60–89
Part II. Logos
94–150
Chapter 4. Logos as representation
94–122
Chapter 5. Logos as conceptual mapping
124–150
Part III. Pathos
154–210
Chapter 6. Rhetorical ambience
154–178
Chapter 7. Political resonance
180–202
Chapter 8. Conclusion
204–210
References
211–226
Appendix A. Transcription conventions used in this book
227
Appendix B. Excerpt from Theresa May’s speech to the 2015 Conservative Party conference
229–230
Appendix C. The lessons of history for Jeremy Corbyn
231–232
Index
“Overall the book is a novel contribution to political and critical discourse analysis.”
References

References

1stGenRefugee
(2009) Malcolm X – By Any Means Necessary – Organisation for Afro American Unity. YouTube [online] https://​www​.youtube​.com​/watch​?v​=WBS416EZsKM​&t​=272s (accessed 13th July, 2017).
8 Mile (2002) Directed by Hanson , Curtis [Film]. US: Universal Pictures.
Allington, D.
(2011) It actually painted a picture of the village and the sea and the bottom of the sea”: reading groups, cultural legitimacy, and description in narrative (with particular reference to John Steinbeck’s The Pearl). Language and Literature, 20(4), 317–32. Crossref link
Allington, D. and Swann, J.
(2009) Researching literary reading as social practice. Language and Literature, 18(3), 219–30. Crossref link
Altendorf, U.
(2003) Estuary English: Levelling at the Interface of RP and South-Eastern British English. Tübingen: Gunter Narr.
Althusser, L.
(2001) Ideology and ideological state apparatus. In Althusser, L. (ed.) Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays. New York: Monthly Review, pp. 127–186.
Ames, R. and Mason, M.
(2012) Mind perception. In Fiske, S. and Macrae, N. (eds) The SAGE Handbook of Social Cognition. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE, pp.15–137. Crossref link
Andringa, E.
(1996) Effects of “narrative distance” on readers’ emotional involvement and response. Poetics, 23(6), 431–52. Crossref link
Apperly, I. A.
(2012) What is ‘Theory of Mind’? Concepts, cognitive processes and individual differences. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 65 (5), 825–839. Crossref link
Asch, S. E.
(1946) Forming impressions of personality. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 41(3), Jul 1946, 258–290. Crossref link
Atkinson, M.
(1984) Our Masters’ Voice: The Language and Body Language of Politics. London; New York: Routledge.
Attridge, D.
(1996) Closing statement: linguistics and poetics in retrospect. In Weber, J. J. (ed.) The Stylistics Reader. London; New York: Arnold, pp. 36–55.
Atwater, D. F.
(2007) Senator Barack Obama: The Rhetoric of Hope and the American Dream. Journal of Black Studies, 38 (2), 121–129. Crossref link
Bailey, M.
(2011) The uses and abuses of British political fiction or how I learned to stop worrying and love Malcolm Tucker. Parliamentary Affairs, 64 (2), 281–295. Crossref link
Baron-Cohen, S.
(1995) Mindblindness: An Essay on Autism and Theory of Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Barsalou, L.
(1993) Flexibility, structure, and linguistic vagary in concepts: Manifestations of a compositional system of perceptual symbols. In Collins, A. C., Gathercole, S. E. and Conway, M. A. (eds) Theories of Memory. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 29–101.
(2003) Situated simulation in the human conceptual system. Language and Cognitive Processes, 18(5/6), 513–62. Crossref link
(2009) Simulation, situated conceptualisation, and prediction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, 364, 1281–1289. Crossref link
Bartlett, F. C.
(1932) Remembering: An Experimental and Social Study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Basu, L.
(2014) British satire in The Thick of It. Popular Communication, 12 (2), 89–103. Crossref link
Bateson, F. W.
(1971a) Literature and linguistics: reply by F. W. Bateson. In Fowler, R. (ed.) The Languages of Literature. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, pp. 54–64.
(1971b) Literature and linguistics: reply by F. W. Bateson. In Fowler, R. (ed.) The Languages of Literature. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, pp. 75–9.
Bell, A.
(1984) Language style as audience design. Language in Society, 13, 145–204. Crossref link
Bex, T., Burke, M. and Stockwell, P.
(eds) (2000) Contextualised Stylistics: In Honour of Peter Verdonk. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Blanchflower, D.
(2011) An economics lesson for David Cameron. New Statesman [online]. http://​www​.newstatesman​.com​/blogs​/david​-blanchflower​/2011​/06​/credit​-card​-cameron​-basic (accessed 13th July, 2017).
Blears, H.
(2008) Reinvigorating Communities: The Role of Active Citizenship in Building a Better Neighbourhood. Lecture at the Smith Institute, London.
Blum-Kulka, S.
(1997) Dinner Talk: Cultural Patterns of Sociability and Socialization in Family Discourse. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Booth, W.
(1961) The Rhetoric of Fiction. Chicago; London: University of Chicago Press.
(2002) Is there an “implied” author in every film? College Literature, 29 (2), 124–131.
Borgida-Chiappini, F., Nikerson, C. and Planken, B.
(2007) Business Discourse. Basingstoke: Palgrave.Crossref link
Bousfield, D.
(2008) Impoliteness in Interaction. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Bradford, R.
(1997) Stylistics. Abingdon; New York: Routledge.
Brand, R.
(2014) Why can’t politicians talk like normal people? YouTube [online] https://​www​.youtube​.com​/watch​?v​=_xBI8CKy9wQ (accessed 13th July, 2017).
Brassed Off (1996) Directed by Mark Herman [Film]. UK, Channel Four Films.
Brône, G. and Vandaele, J.
(eds) (2009) Cognitive poetics: goals, gains and gaps. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Crossref link
Brown, P. and Levinson, S.
(1987) Politeness: Some Universals in Language Use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Crossref link
Browse, S.
(2014) Resonant Metaphor in Kazuo Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go . In Harrison, C., Nuttall, L., Stockwell, P. & Yuan, W. (eds) Cognitive Grammar in Literature. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
(2016a) Revisiting Text World Theory and extended metaphor: Embedding and foregrounding metaphor in the text-worlds of the 2008 financial crash. Language and Literature, 25 (1), 8–37.Crossref link
(2016b) ‘This is not the end of the world’: situating metaphor in the text-worlds of the 2008 economic crisis’. In Gavins, J. and Lahey, E. (eds) World Building: Discourse in the Mind. London: Bloomsbury.
(2017) Between truth, sincerity and satire. In van den Akker, R., Gibbons, A. and Vermeulen, T. (eds) Metamodernism: Historicity, Affect and Depth after Postmodernism. New York: Rowman and Littlefield.
(in press). Reading political minds: “backstage” politics in audience reception. In Kranert, M. & Horan, G. eds ‘Doing Politics’: Discursivity, performativity and mediation in political discourse. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Bucholtz, M. and Hall, K.
(2005) Identity and interaction: a sociocultural linguistic approach. Discourse Studies, 7 (4–5), 585–614. Crossref link
Burke, M.
(2014) Rhetoric and poetics: The classical heritage of stylistics. In Burke, M. (ed.) The Routledge Handbook of Stylistics. Abingdon; New York: Routledge.
Cacioppo, J. and Gardner, W.
(1999) Emotion. Annual Review of Psychology, 50, 191–214. Crossref link
Campbell, A.
(2009) Was I offended by this brutal spinmeister? No. I was bored. Guardian [online] https://​www​.theguardian​.com​/commentisfree​/2009​/mar​/24​/in​-the​-loop​-alastair​-campbell (accessed 5th July, 2017).
Campbell-Kibler, K.
(2007) Accent, (ING), and the social logic of listener perceptions. American Speech, 82 (1), 32–64. Crossref link
(2009) The nature of sociolinguistic perception. Language Variation and Change, 21 (1), 135–156. Crossref link
(2011) The sociolinguistic variable as a carrier of social meaning. Language Variation and Change, 22(3), 423–441. Crossref link
(2016).Towards a cognitively realistic model of meaningful sociolinguistic variation. In Babel, A. (ed.) Awareness and Control in Sociolinguistic Research. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.123–151.Crossref link
Cap, P.
(2013) Proximization: The pragmatics of symbolic distance crossing. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
(2015) Crossing symbolic distance in political discourse space: Evaluative rhetoric within the framework of proximization. Critical Discourse Studies, 12 (3), 313–329. Crossref link
(2017) The Language of Fear: Communicating Threat in Public Discourse. London: Palgrave.Crossref link
Carrell, S., Watt, N. and Wintour, P.
(2015) David Cameron aims to highlight risk of political chaos in leaders’ TV debate. Guardian [online] http://​www​.theguardian​.com​/politics​/2015​/apr​/01​/david​-cameron​-aims​-to​-highlight​-risk​-of​-political​-chaos​-in​-leaders​-tv​-debate (accessed 17th August, 2015).
Carruthers, P. and Smith, P.
(eds) (1996) Theories of Theories of Mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Carter, R.
(1982) Language and literature: an introductory reader in stylistics London: George Allen and Unwin.
Carter, R. and Stockwell, P.
(2008) Stylistics: retrospect and prospect. In Carter, R. and Stockwell, P. (eds) The Language and Literature Reader. London: Routledge, pp. 291–302.
Cassetteboy
(2014) Cameron’s conference rap. YouTube [online]. https://​www​.youtube​.com​/watch​?v​=0YBumQHPAeU (accessed 6th June, 2017).
Chapman, S. and Clark, B.
(eds) (2014) Pragmatic Literary Stylistics. London; New York: Palgrave.Crossref link
Charteris-Black, J.
(2014) Analysing Political Speeches: Rhetoric, Discourse, and Metaphor. Basingstoke: Palgrave. Crossref link
Chatman, S.
(1990) Coming to Terms: The Rhetoric of Narrative in Fiction and Film. Ithaca; London: Cornell University Press.
Chilton, P.
(1996) Security metaphors: Cold war discourse from containment to common house. New York: Peter Lang.
(2004) Analysing Political Discourse: Theory and Practice. Abingdon: Routledge.Crossref link
Chilton, P. and Schaffner, C.
(eds) (2002) Politics as Text and Talk: Analytic Approaches to Political Discourse. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Chivers, T.
(2013) You’re ‘avin’ a laugh, intcha, George Osborne? If you’re going to do Fake Commoner Voice, at least commit to it. Tom Chivers [online] https://​tommychivers​.wordpress​.com​/2013​/04​/02​/youre​-avin​-a​-laugh​-intcha​-george​-osborne​-if​-youre​-going​-to​-do​-fake​-commoner​-voice​-at​-least​-commit​-to​-it/ (accessed 5th July, 2017).
Chomsky, N.
(1957) Syntactic Structures. The Hague: Mouton.
(1965) Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
Clark, A.
(2013) Whatever next? Predictive brains, situated agents, and the future of cognitive science. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 36(3), 181–204. Crossref link
Clark, U. and Zyngier, S.
(1998) Women beware women: detective fiction and critical discourse stylistics. Language and Literature, 7(2), 141–158. Crossref link
Cockcroft, R.
(2005) Who talks whose language? George Herbert and the reader’s world. Language and Literature. 14(3): 245–258. Crossref link
Coe, K. and Reitzes, M.
(2010) Obama on the stump: Features and determinants of a rhetorical approach. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 40 (3), 391–413. Crossref link
Conley, D. S.
(2008) Virtuoso. Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies, 5 (3), 307–311. Crossref link
Cook, G.
(1992) The Discourse of Advertising. London; New York: Routledge.
(1994) Discourse and Literature: The Interplay of Form and Mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Coren, V.
(2013) George Osborne, gawd bless yer. Guardian [online] https://​www​.theguardian​.com​/commentisfree​/2013​/apr​/07​/george​-osborne​-does​-mockney​-accent (accessed 5th July, 2017).
Coupland, N.
(1988) Dialect in Use: Sociolinguistic Variation in Cardiff English. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.
(2007) Style: Language Variation and Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Cox, D.
(2009) How In the Loop does us all a disservice. The Guardian [online] https://​www​.theguardian​.com​/film​/filmblog​/2009​/apr​/20​/in​-the​-loop​-tony​-blair​-alastair​-campbell (accessed 13th July 2017).
Culpeper, J.
(2000) An approach to characterisation: The case of Katherina in Shakespeare’s The Taming of the Shrew . Language and Literature, 9 (4), 291–316. Crossref link
Daily Mail
(2012) The moment Ed Miliband phoned race row MP Diane Abbott to say: apologise or I’ll sack you. Mail Online [online] http://​www​.dailymail​.co​.uk​/news​/article​-2082527​/Diane​-Abbott​-Twitter​-race​-row​-MP​-faces​-calls​-resign​-racist​-tweet​.html (accessed 5th July, 2017).
Dillard, J. P. and Meijnders, A.
(2002) Persuasion and the structure of affect. In Dillard, J. P. and Pfau, M. (eds) The Persuasion Handbook. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE, pp.309–328.
Dorsey and Diaz-Barriga
(2009) Senator Barack Obama and immigration reform. Journal of Black Studies, 38 (1), 90–104. Crossref link
Du Bois, J. W.
(2002) Stance and consequence. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, New Orleans.
Eckert, P.
(2008) Variation and the indexical field. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 12 (4), 453–476. Crossref link
Ekman, P.
(1999) Basic emotions. In Dalgleish, T. and Power, M. (eds) The Handbook of Cognition and Emotion. Chichester: John Wiley, pp.45–60.
Ekman, P. and Cordoro, D.
(2011) What is meant by calling emotions basic? Emotion Review, 3 (4), 364–370. Crossref link
Elahi, B. and Cos, G.
(2005) An Immigrant’s Dream and the Audacity of Hope: The 2004 Convention Addresses of Barack Obama and Arnold Schwarzenegger. American Behavioral Scientist, 49 (3), 454–465. Crossref link
Eminem
(2002) Lose Yourself [CD]. Aftermath, Shady, Interscope.
Engel, M.
(2013) Our fair Chancellor resorts to mockney. Financial Times [online] https://​www​.ft​.com​/content​/52851b6c​-9e05​-11e2​-9ccc​-00144feabdc0 (accessed 5th July, 2017).
Enkvist, N.
(1985) Text and discourse linguistics, rhetoric and stylistics. In Van Dijk, T. (ed.) Discourse and Literature: New Approaches to the Analysis of Literary Genres. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Ensor, J.
(2013) ‘Mockney’ George Osborne backs the Briddish who wanna work. Telegraph [online]. http://​www​.telegraph​.co​.uk​/news​/politics​/georgeosborne​/9966717​/Mockney​-George​-Osborne​-backs​-the​-Briddish​-who​-wanna​-work​.html (accessed 5th July, 2017).
European Commission
(2013) A fact finding analysis on the impact on the Member States’ social security systems of the entitlements of non-active intra-EU migrants to special non-contributory cash benefits and healthcare granted on the basis of residence. European Commission [online] http://​ec​.europa​.eu​/employment​_social​/empl​_portal​/facebook​/20131014%20GHK%20study%20web​_EU%20migration​.pdf (accessed 14th July, 2017).
Eysenck, M. W. and Keane, M. T.
(1990) Cognitive Psychology: A Student’s Handbook. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Fahnestock, J.
(2005) Rhetorical Stylistics. Language and Literature. 14(3): 215–230. Crossref link
(2011) Rhetorical Style: The Uses of Language in Persuasion. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Crossref link
Fairclough, N.
(1985) Critical and descriptive goals in discourse analysis. Journal of Pragmatics, 9, 739–63. Crossref link
(1995) Media Discourse. London: Bloomsbury.
(1996) A reply to Henry Widdowson’s “discourse analysis: a critical view”. Language and Literature, 5(1), 49–56. Crossref link
(2000) New Labour, New Language? London; New York: Routledge.
(2001) Language and Power. Harlow: Longman.
Fairclough, N. and Fairclough, I.
(2012) Political Discourse Analysis: A Method for Advanced Students. London; New York: Routledge.
Fauconnier, G.
(1985) Mental Space: Aspects of Meaning Construction in Natural Language. Cambridge, MS; London: MIT Press.
Fauconnier, G. and Turner, M.
(2002) The Way We Think: Conceptual Blending and the Mind’s Hidden Complexities. New York: Basic Books.
(2006) Mental spaces. In Geeraerts, D. (ed.) Cognitive Linguistics: Basic Readings. Berlin; New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pp.303–372. Crossref link
Fausey, C. and Matlock, T.
(2011) Can grammar win elections? Political Psychology, 32(4), 563–574.
Fielding, S.
(2014) A State of Play: British Politics on Screen, Stage and Page, from Anthony Trollop to The Thick of It. London: Bloomsbury.
Fillmore, C.
(2006) Frame semantics. In Geeraerts, D. (ed.) Cognitive Linguistics: Basic Readings. Berlin; New York: Mouton de Gruyter.Crossref link
Fish, S.
(1980) Is there a Text in this Class? The Authority of Interpretative Communities. London; Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Fiske, S. T., Neuberg, S. L., Beattie, A. E. and Milberg, S. J.
(1987) Category-based and attribute-based reactions to others: Some informational conditions of stereotyping and individuating processes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 23 (5), 399–427. Crossref link
Fiske, S. T. and Neuberg, S. L.
(1990) A Continuum of Impression Formation, from Category-Based to Individuating Processes: Influences of Information and Motivation on Attention and Interpretation. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 23, 1–74. Crossref link
Fiske, S. and Taylor, S.
(1991) Social Cognition (1st Ed). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
Fiske, S. T. and Taylor, S. E.
(2013) Social Cognition: From Brains to Culture (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE. Crossref link
Formarier, M.
(2011) Melody and rhythm in ancient political discourse: On how emotions induce persuasion. In van Haaften, T., Jansen, H., de Jong, J. and Koetsenruijter, W. (eds) Bending Opinion: Essays on Persuasion in the Public Domain. Leiden University Press. Retrieved June 6, 2017, from Project MUSE database.
Foucault, M.
(1975) Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. New York: Random House.
(1984) Truth and power. In Rabinow, P. (ed.) The Foucault Reader. London: Penguin, pp. 51–75.
Fowler, R.
(1971a) Literature and linguistics. In Fowler, R. (ed.) The Languages of Literature. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, pp. 43–53.
(1971b) Literature and linguistics. In Fowler, R. (ed.) The Languages of Literature. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, pp. 65–74.
(1991) Language in the News: Discourse and Ideology in the Press. Abingdon; New York: Routledge.
(2008) Linguistic criticism. In Stockwell, P. and Carter, R. (eds) The Language and Literature Reader. Abingdon; New York: Routledge, pp. 49–59.
Fowler, R., Kress, G., Hodge, R. and Trew, T.
(1979) Language and Control. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Frank, D. A.
(2009) The prophetic voice and the face of the other in Barack Obama’s ‘More Perfect Union’ Address, March 18th, 2008. Rhetoric and Public Affairs, 12 (2), 167–194. Crossref link
Frank, D. A. and McPhail, M. L.
(2005) Barack Obama’s address to the 2004 Democratic National Convention: Trauma, compromise, consilience, and the (im)possibility of racial reconciliation. Rhetoric and Public Affairs, 8 (4), 51–593.
Frijda, N. H.
(1998) The laws of emotion. American Psychologist, 43 (5), 349–358. Crossref link
Gavins, J.
(2005) (Re)thinking modality: A text-world perspective. Journal of Literary Semantics, 34(2), 79–93. Crossref link
(2007) Text World Theory: An Introduction. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Crossref link
(2012) Leda and the stylisticians. Language and Literature, 21(4), 345–62. Crossref link
Gavins, J. and Simpson, P.
(2015) Regina v John Terry: The discursive construction of an alleged racist event. Discourse and Society. 26(6), 712–732. Crossref link
Gavins, J. and Steen, G.
(eds) (2003) Cognitive Poetics in Practice. London; New York: Routledge. Crossref link
Geeraerts, D.
(2006) A rough guide to cognitive linguistics. In Geeraerts, D. (ed.) Cognitive Linguistics: Basic Readings. Berlin; New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 1–28. Crossref link
(2009) Incorporated but not embodied? In Brone, G. and Vandaele, J. (eds) Cognitive Poetics: Goals, Gains and Gaps. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 445–50.
Gentner, D.
(1983) Structure mapping: a theoretical framework for analogy. Cognitive Science, 7, 155–170. Crossref link
(2003) Why we’re so smart. In Gentner, D. and Goldin-Meadow, S. (eds) Language in mind: Advances in the study of language and thought. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp.195–235.
Gentner, D. and Markman, A.
(1997) Structure mapping in analogy and similarity. American Psychologist, 52(3), 45–56. Crossref link
Gibbs, R.
(1994) The Poetics of Mind: Figurative Thought, Language and Understanding. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
(2003) Prototypes in dynamic meaning construal. In Gavins, J. and Steen, G. (eds) Cognitive Poetics in Practice. London: Routledge, pp. 27–40.
Gilbert, D. T.
(1998) Ordinary personology. In Gilbert, D. T., Fiske, S. T., and Lindzey, G. (eds) The Handbook of Social Psychology (4th edition). New York: McGraw-Hill, pp.89–150.
Giles, H.
(1970) Evaluative reactions to accents. Educational Review, 22 (3), 211–227. Crossref link
Goffman, E.
(1959) The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. London: Penguin.
(1974) Frame Analysis: An Essay on the Organisation of Experience. Boston: Northeastern University Press.
(1981) Forms of Talk. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Gorgias
(2009) The Encomium of Helen. In Williams, J. (ed.) An Introduciton to Classical Rhetoric: Essential Readings. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
Grady, J., Oakley, T. and Coulson, S.
(1999) Blending in metaphor. In Gibbs, R. and Steen, G. (eds) Metaphor in Cognitive Linguistics. Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 101–24. Crossref link
Gramsci, A.
(2010) The formation of the intellectuals. In Leitch, V. B. (ed.) The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism. London; New York: W. W. Norton and Co., pp. 1002–1008.
Guardian
(2012) Diane Abbott apologises over Twitter racism row. The Guardian [online]. http://​www​.theguardian​.com​/politics​/2012​/jan​/05​/diane​-abbott​-accused​-racism​-twitter (accessed 16th June, 2015).
Guardian
(2015) Nick Clegg: George Osborne I a very dangerous man. The Guardian [online] https://​www​.theguardian​.com​/politics​/2015​/apr​/06​/nick​-clegg​-george​-osborne​-is​-a​-very​-dangerous​-man (accessed 12th July, 2017).
Halliday, M.
(1966) Descriptive linguistics in literary studies. In Halliday, M. and McIntosh, A. (eds) Patterns of Language: Papers in General, Descriptive and Applied Linguistics. London: Longman, pp. 56–69.
Halliday, M. A. K.
(1971) Linguistic function & literary style: An inquiry into the language of William Golding’s The Inheritors. In Chatman, S. (ed.) Literary Style: A Symposium. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 330-368.
Halliday, M.
(1996) Linguistic function and literary style: an enquiry into the language of William Goulding’s The Inheritors . In Weber, J. J. (ed.) The Stylistics Reader. London; New York: Arnold, pp. 56–86.
Halliday, M. A. K. and Hasan, R.
(1976) Cohesion in English. Abingdon: Routledge.
Halliday, M. A. K. and Matthiessen, C.
(2004) An Introduction to Functional Grammar (3rd ed.). London: Hodder Education.
Hamilton, C.
(2005) A cognitive rhetoric of poetry and Emily Dickinson. Language and Literature. 14(3): 279–294. Crossref link
(2014) Stylistics as rhetoric. In Stockwell, P. and Whiteley, S. (eds) The Cambridge Handbook of Stylistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 77–86. Crossref link
Hanisch, C.
(1969) The personal is political. CarolHanisch.org [online] http://​www​.carolhanisch​.org​/index​.html (accessed 14th July, 2017).
Hart, C.
(2014) Discourse, Grammar and Ideology: Functional and Cognitive Perspectives. London: Bloomsbury.
(2016) Event frames affect blame assignment and perception of aggression in discourse on political protest: An experimental case study in Critical Discourse Analysis. Applied Linguistics. Crossref link
Hidalgo-Downing, L.
(2000) Negation in discourse: A text-world approach to Joseph Heller’s Catch-22 . Language and Literature, 9(4), 215–40. Crossref link
(2002) Creating things that are not: the role of negation in the poetry of Wislawa Szymborska. Journal of Literary Semantics, 30(2), 113–32.
(2003) Negation as a stylistic feature in Joseph Heller’s Catch-22: a corpus study. Style, 37(3), 318–41.
Hullet, C., Louden, A. and Mitra, A.
(2003) Emotion and political cognition: A test of bipolar, two-dimensional, and discrete models of emotion in predicting involvement and learning. Communication Monographs, 70(3), 250–263. Crossref link
Hunter, L.
(2005) Echolocation, figuration and tellings: Rhetorical strategies in Romeo and Juliet. Language and Literature. 14(3): 259–278. Crossref link
Isocrates
(2009) Against the Sophists. In Williams, J. (ed.) An Introduciton to Classical Rhetoric: Essential Readings. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
Ivie, R. and Giner, O.
(2009) American exceptionalism in a democratic idiom: Transacting the mythos of change in the 2008 presidential campaign. Communication Studies, 60(4), 359–375. Crossref link
ITV News
(2015a) Hunt: Debate showed chaos of Labour coalition. ITV [online]. http://​www​.itv​.com​/news​/update​/2015​-04​-16​/hunt​-debate​-showed​-miliband​-secret​-negotiations/ (accessed 17th August, 2015).
ITV News
(2015b) The ITV Leaders’ Debate Live | UK Election 2015 | ITV News. YouTube [online] https://​www​.youtube​.com​/watch​?v​=vc6YH4​-IHME (accessed 12th July, 2017).
Jakobson, R.
(1960) Closing Statement: Linguistics and Poetics. In Sebeok, T. (ed.) Style in Language. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp.350–377.
Jeffries, L.
(2000) Don’t throw out the baby with the bathwater: in defence of theoretical eclecticism in Stylistics. PALA Occasional Papers [online] http://​www​.pala​.ac​.uk​/resources​.html (accessed 14th July, 2017).
(2010a) Critical Stylistics: The Power of English. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Crossref link
(2010b) Opposition in Discourse: The Construction of Oppositional Meaning. London; New Yok: Continuum.
Jeffries, L. and McIntyre, D.
(2010) Stylistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Crossref link
Johnstone, B.
(2009) Stance, style and the linguistic individual. In Jaffe, A. (ed.) Stance: Sociolinguistic Perspectives, Oxford: Oxford University press, pp.29–52. Crossref link
Kaal, B., Maks, I., and van Elfrinkhof, A.
(eds) (2014) From Text to Political Positions: Text Analysis Across Disciplines. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Kirkham, S. and Moore, E.
(2016) Constructing social meaning in political discourse: phonetic variation and verb processes in Ed Miliband’s speeches. Language in Society, 45(1), 87–111.Crossref link
Koller, V.
(2005) Critical Discourse Analysis and social cognition: evidence from business media discourse. Discourse and Society, 16(2), 199–224. Crossref link
Kranert, M. and Horan, G.
eds (forthcoming) ‘Doing Politics’: Discursivity, performativity and mediation in political discourse. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Kress, G. and van Leeuwen, T.
(1996) Reading Images: The Grammar of Visual Design. London: Routledge.
Kristiansen, G.
(2001) Social and linguistic stereotyping: A cognitive approach to accents. Estudios Ingleses de la Universidad Complutense, 9, 129–145.
Labour Party
(2011a) It’s a matter of great concern that Britain’s economic recovery has ground to a halt – Ed Balls. Labour [online]. http://​www2​.labour​.org​.uk​/concern​-that​-britains​-economic​-recovery​-has​-ground​-to​-a​-halt,2011​-01​-25 (accessed 11th June, 2015).
Labour Party
(2011b) Government are simply far too casual about the crucial need to get people back to work – Byrne. Labour [online]. http://​archive​.labour​.org​.uk​/government​-casual​-about​-need​-to​-get​-people​-work (accessed 11th June, 2015).
Labour Party
(2011c) Prison & probation officers having their work undermined by cuts that go too far and too fast – Khan. Labour [online]. http://​archive​.labour​.org​.uk​/prison​-officers​-having​-their​-work​-undermined (accessed 11th June, 2015).
Labour Party
(2011d) Deputy Prime Minister seems to admit that Government’s decision to cut too far too fast risks increasing unemployment – Leslie. Labour [online]. http://​archive​.labour​.org​.uk​/governments​-decision​-risks​-increasing​-unemployment (accessed 11th June, 2015).
Labour Party
(2011e) Ed Miliband’s speech at the launch of Labour’s local election campaign. Labour [online]. https://​archive​.labour​.org​.uk​/ed​-milibands​-speech​-at​-labours​-local​-election​-campaign​-launch (accessed 11th June, 2015).
Labov, W.
(1966) The Social Stratification of English in New York City. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lakoff, G.
(1987) Women, Fire and Dangerous Things: What categories reveal about the mind. Chicago: Chicago University Press. Crossref link
(1993) The contemporary theory of metaphor’. In Ortony, A. (ed.) Metaphor and Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
(2002) Moral Politics. Chicago: Chicago University Press. Crossref link
Lakoff, G. and Johnson, M.
(1980) Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
(1999) Philosophy in the Flesh. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Lambert, W. E., Hodgson, R. C., Gardner, R. C. and Fillenbaum, S.
(1960) Evaluational reactions to spoken languages. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 60(1), 44–51. Crossref link
Langacker, R.
(1987) Foundations of Cognitive Grammar Vol. 1: Theoretical prerequisites. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
(1991) Foundations of Cognitive Grammar Vol. 2: Descriptive Application. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
(2008) Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press. Crossref link
(2009) A dynamic view of language acquisition’. Cognitive Linguistics, 20(3), 627–40. Crossref link
Larsen, J. T., McGraw, A. P. and Cacioppo, J. T.
(2001) Can people feel happy and sad at the same time? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 684–696. Crossref link
Lazarus, R.
(1991) Emotion and Adaptation. New York: Oxford University Press.
(1999) The cognition-emotion debate: A bit of history. In Dalgleish, T. and Power, M. (eds) The Handbook of Cognition and Emotion. Chichester: John Wiley, pp. 3–19.
Leech, G.
(2008) Language in Literature: Style in Foregrounding. Abingdon; New York: Routledge.
Leith, S.
(2010) The unstoppable rise of Russell Brand. The Guardian [online] https://​www​.theguardian​.com​/media​/2010​/apr​/06​/russell​-brand (accessed 13th July, 2017).
(2012) You Talkin’ to Me: Rhetoric from Aristotle to Obama. London: Profile Books.
London Evening Standard
(2012) Diane Abbott in racist jibe storm. The London Evening Standard [online]. http://​www​.standard​.co​.uk​/news​/diane​-abbott​-in​-racist​-jibe​-storm​-7304601​.html (accessed 16th June, 2015).
Los Angeles Times
(2008) Jesse Jackson explains those Tuesday-night tears. Los Angeles Times [online] http://​latimesblogs​.latimes​.com​/washington​/2008​/11​/obama​-jackson​.html (accessed 13th July, 2017).
Low, B.
(2007) Hip-hop, language, and difference: The N-word as a pedagogical limit-case. Journal of Language, Identity, and Education, 6(2), 147–160. Crossref link
Lyons, W.
(1999) The philosophy of cognition and emotion. In Dalgleish, T. and Power, M. (eds) The Handbook of Cognition and Emotion. Chichester: John Wiley, pp.21–44.
Marks, G. and Miller, N.
(1987) Ten years of research on the false-consensus effect: An empirical and theoretical review. Psychological Bulletin, 102(1), 72–90. Crossref link
Mason, J.
(forthcoming). Intertextuality in Practice. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Masters, S.
(2013) George Osborne’s ‘man of the people’ accent ridiculed. The Independent [online] http://​www​.independent​.co​.uk​/news​/uk​/politics​/george​-osbornes​-man​-of​-the​-people​-accent​-ridiculed​-8675419​.html (accessed 13th July, 2017).
May, T.
(2015) Theresa May’s speech to the Conservative Party conference – in full. The Independent [online] http://​www​.independent​.co​.uk​/news​/uk​/politics​/theresa​-may​-s​-speech​-to​-the​-conservative​-party​-conference​-in​-full​-a6681901​.html (accessed 13th July, 2017).
Mayr, A.
(2008) Language and Power: An Introduction to Institutional Discourse. London; New York: Continuum.
Merrill, N., Gallo, E. and Fivush, R.
(2014) Gender differences in family dinner time conversations. Discourse Processes. 52(7): 533–558. Crossref link
Mills, S.
(1995) Feminist Stylistics. New York; London: Palgrave.
(2003) Michel Foucault. London: Routledge. Crossref link
Mooney, A. and Evans, B.
(1999) Language, Society and Power. Abingdon; New York: Routledge.
Moore, E.
(2012) The social life of style. Language and Literature, 21(1), 66–83. Crossref link
Moore, E. and Podesva, R. J.
(2009) Style, indexicality and the social meaning of tag questions. Language in Society, 38(4), 447–485. Crossref link
Moors, A., Ellsworth, P., Scherer, K. and Frijda, N.
(2013) Appraisal theories of emotion: State of the art and future development. Emotion Review, 5(2), 119–124. Crossref link
Morris, G. and Chenail, R.
(eds.) (1995) The Talk of the Clinic: Explorations in the Analysis of Medical and Therapeutic Discourse. Abingdon; New York: Routledge.
Murphy, J. M.
(2009) Political economy and rhetorical matter. Rhetoric and Public Affairs, 12(2), 303–316. Crossref link
Musolff, A.
(2016) Political Metaphor Analysis: Discourse and Scenarios. London: Bloomsbury.
Nahajec, L.
(2009) Negation and the creation of implicit meaning in poetry. Language and Literature, 18(2), 109–127. Crossref link
Norledge, J.
(2016) Reading the Dystopian Short Story. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Sheffield.
Nuyts, J.
(2006) Modality: Overview and linguistic issues. In Frawley, W. (ed.) The Expression of Modality. Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter, pp.1–26.
NWA
(1988) Fuck the Police. In: Straight Outta Compton [CD]. Priority, Ruthless.
Oakley, T.
(2005) Implied narratives in medical practice in learning for-doing texts: A simulation semantics approach to rhetorical analysis. Language and Literature. 14(3): 295–310. Crossref link
Oatley, K. and Johnson-Laird, P. N.
(2014) Cognitive approaches to emotions. Trends in Cognitive Science, 18(3), 134–140. Crossref link
Obama, B.
(2008) Full text: Obama’s victory speech. BBC News [online] http://​news​.bbc​.co​.uk​/1​/hi​/world​/americas​/us​_elections​_2008​/7710038​.stm (accessed 13th July, 2017).
Ochs, E.
(1993) Constructing social identity: A language socialisation perspective. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 26(3), 287–306. Crossref link
Okulska, U. and Cap, P.
(2010) Perspectives in Politics and Discourse. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
O’Halloran, K.
(2003) Critical Discourse Analysis and Language Cognition. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Osborne, G.
(2010) George Osborne’s speech to the party conference in full. Guardian [online] https://​www​.theguardian​.com​/politics​/2010​/oct​/04​/george​-osborne​-speech​-conservative​-conference (accessed 14th July, 2017).
Palmer, F. R.
(1986) Mood and Modality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pearce, M.
(2001) “Getting behind the image”: personality politics in a Labour Party election broadcast. Language and Literature, 10(3), 211–220.Crossref link
Peplow, D.
(2011) “Oh, I’ve known a lot of Irish people”: reading groups and the negotiation of literary interpretation. Language and Literature, 20(4), 295–315. Crossref link
Peplow, D., Swann, J., Trimarco, P., and Whiteley, S.
(2016) The Discourse of Reading Groups: Integrating Cognitive and Sociocultural Perspectives. Abingdon; New Yrk: Routledge.
Perkins, M.
(1983) Modal Expressions in English. London: Francis Pinter.
Podesva, R. J.
(2007) Phonation type as a stylistic variable: The use of falsetto in constructing a persona. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 11(4), 478–504. Crossref link
Political Scrapbook
(2012) Ed Miliband rings Diane Abbott during live interview on Twitter race row. YouTube [online] https://​www​.youtube​.com​/watch​?v​=o6h​-NHq8BNw (accessed 12th July, 2017).
Premack, D. and Woodruff, G.
(1978) Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind? Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 1 (4), 515–526. Crossref link
Quintilian
(1903) Institutes of Oratory; or, Education of an Orator. London: George Bell and Sons.
Radio 5 Live
(2015) BBC Radio 5. 25th August. 8.30am.
Randall, N.
(2011) Imagining the polity: Cinema and television fictions as vernacular theories of British politics. Parliamentary Affairs, 64(2), 263–280. Crossref link
Rauniomaa, M.
(2003) Stance accretion. Paper presented at the Language, Interaction, and Social Organization Research Focus Group, University of California, Santa Barbara.
Richards, I. A.
(1936) The Philosophy of Rhetoric. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ross, K.
(2006) Women framed: The gendered turn in mediated political discourse. In Byerly, C. and Ross, K. (eds) Women and media: International perspectives. Oxford: Blackwell, pp.60–80.
Rosch, E.
(1978) Principles of categorisation. In Rosch, E. and Lloyd, B. (eds) Cognition and Categorization. Hillsdale, NJ: Laurence Erlbaum, pp. 189–207.
Rosch, E. and Mervis, C.
(1981) Categorization of natural objects. Annual Review of Pschology, 32, 89–115. Crossref link
Rosch, E., Mervis, C., Gray, W., Johnson, D. and Boyes-Braem, P.
(1975) Basic objects in natural categories. Cognitive Psychology, 8, 382–439. Crossref link
Rowland, R. C. and Jones, J. M.
(2009) Recasting the American dream and American politics: Barack Obama’s keynote address to the 2004 Democratic National Convention. Quarterly Journal of Speech, 93(4), 425–448. Crossref link
Russell, J. A.
(2003) Core affect and the psychological construction of emotion. Psychological Review, 110, 145–172. Crossref link
Russell, J. A. and Caroll, J. M.
(1999) On the bipolarity of positive and negative affect. Psychological Bulletin, 125(1), 3–30. Crossref link
Ryan, M. -L.
(1998) The text as world versus the text as game: possible worlds semantics and postmodern theory. The Journal of Literary Semantics, 27(3), 137–63. Crossref link
Sandhu, S.
(2009) In the Loop: Review. The Telegraph [online] http://​www​.telegraph​.co​.uk​/culture​/film​/filmreviews​/5165467​/In​-The​-Loop​-Review​.html (accessed 14th July, 2017).
Saussure, F.
(1966) Course in General Linguistics. New York; London: McGraw-Hill.
Savage, R.
(2011) Populist elements in contemporary American political discourse. The Sociological Review, 58(2), 167–188.
Semino, E. and Culpeper, J.
(2002) Cognitive Stylistics: Language and Cognition in Text Analysis. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Crossref link
Schank, R. C. and Abelson, R.
(1977) Scripts, Plans, Goals and Understanding. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
‘Series 3 – Episode 1’
(2005) The Thick of It. Series 1, episode 1. BBC 4, 24th October.
Silverstein, M.
(2003) Indexical order and the dialectics of sociolinguistic life. Language and Communication, 23(3–4), 193–229. Crossref link
Simpson, P.
(1993) Language, Ideology and Point of View. London: Routledge. Crossref link
(2003) On the Discourse of Satire. Amsterdam: Benjamins. Crossref link
(2004) Stylistics: A Resource Book for Students. Abingdon; New York: Routledge.Crossref link
Sinclair, J.
(2004) Trust the Text: Language, Corpus and Discourse. London; New York: Routledge.
Sky News
(2012) MP Apologises After Tweet Sparks Race Row. Sky News [online]. http://​news​.sky​.com​/story​/915384​/mp​-apologises​-after​-tweet​-sparks​-race​-row (accessed 16th June, 2015).
Smith, C. A. and Lazarus, R. S.
(1990) Emotion and adaptation. In Pervin, L. A. (ed.) Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research. New York: Guilford, pp. 609–637.
Smitherman, G.
(1997) ‘The Chain remain the same’: Communicative practices in the hip-hop nation. Journal of Black Studies, 28(1), 3–25.Crossref link
Spelke, E. S.
(1990) Principles of object perception. Cognitive Science, 14, 29–56. Crossref link
Stewart, F. R.
(2011) Exploring Afrocentricity: An analysis of the discourse of Barack Obama. Journal of African American Studies, 15, 269–278. Crossref link
Stockwell, P.
(2000) (Sur)real stylistics: from text to contextualising. In Bex, T., Burke, M. and Stockwell, P. (eds) Contextualising Stylistics: in Honour of Peter Verdonk. Amsterdam: Rodopi, pp. 15–38.
(2002) Cognitive Poetics: An Introduction. London: Routledge.
(2009) Texture: A Cognitive Aesthetics of Reading. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
(2014a) War, worlds and Cognitive Grammar. In Harrison, C., Nuttall, L., Stockwell, P. and Yuan, W. (eds) Cognitive Grammar in Literature. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp.19–34. Crossref link
(2014b) Atmosphere and tone. In Stockwell, P. and Whiteley, S. (eds) The Cambridge Handbook of Stylistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 360–374. Crossref link
Strongman, K. T. and Woosley, J.
(1967) Stereotyped reactions to regional accents. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 6(3), 164–167. Crossref link
Stubbs, M.
(1996) Text and Corpus Analysis. Oxford: Blackwell.
Sunderland, J.
(2011) Language, Gender and Children’s Fiction. London: Bloomsbury.
Sutton, L.
(ed.) (2017) Context Counts: Papers on Language, Gender and Power. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Talbot, M.
(2007) Media Discourse: Representation and Interaction. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Talbot, M., Atkinson, K. and Atkinson, D.
(2003) Language and Power in the Modern World. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
The Telegraph
(2012) Diane Abbott forced to apologise in racism row after claiming ‘White people love playing divide and rule’. The Telegraph [online]. http://​www​.telegraph​.co​.uk​/news​/politics​/labour​/8996425​/Diane​-Abbott​-forced​-to​-apologise​-in​-racism​-row​-after​-claiming​-White​-people​-love​-playing​-divide​-and​-rule​.html (accessed 16th June, 2015).
The Telegraph
(2014) Ed Balls turns on Ed Miliband for forgetting the deficit. The Telegraph [online] http://​www​.telegraph​.co​.uk​/news​/politics​/ed​-miliband​/11144884​/Ed​-Balls​-turns​-on​-Ed​-Miliband​-for​-forgetting​-deficit​.html (accessed 14th July, 2017).
Thibodeau, P. H. and Boroditsky, L.
(2011) Metaphors we think with: the role of metaphor in reasoning. PLoS ONE. 6(2). http://​www​.plosone​.org​/article​/info%3Adoi%2F10​.1371%2Fjournal​.pone​.0016782.Crossref link
Thompson, G.
(2014) Introducing Functional Grammar (3rd edition). London: Routledge.Crossref link
Thornborrow, J.
(2001) Power Talk: Language and Interaction in Institutional Discourse. Abingdon; New York: Routledge.
Trew, T.
(1979) What the papers say: Linguistic variation and ideological difference. In Fowler, R., Hodge, G. K., Kress, G. and Trew, T. (eds) Language and Control. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Tomasselo, M.
(2000) First steps towards a usage-based theory of language acquisition. Cognitive Linguistics, 11(1/2), 61–82.
Toolan, M.
(1996) Stylistics and its discontents: or, getting off the Fish “hook”. In Weber, J. J. (ed.) The Stylistics Reader. London; New York: Arnold, pp. 117–37.
Turner, M.
(2006) Compression and representation. Language and Literature, 15(1), 17–27. Crossref link
Ungerer, F. and Schmid, H. -J.
(1996) An Introduction to Cognitive Linguistics. Harlow: Longman.
van Dijk, T.
(1993) Principles of Critical Discourse Analysis. Discourse and Society, 4(2), 249–83. Crossref link
(1997) What is political discourse analysis? In Blommaert, J. and Bulcan, C. (eds) Political Linguistics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 11–52.
(1998) Ideology: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
(2001) Critical Discourse Analysis. In Schiffrin, D., Tannen, D., and Hamilton, H. E. (eds) The Handbook of Discourse Analysis. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 352–371.
(2002) Discourse and racism. In Goldberg, D. and Solomos, J. (eds) The Blackwell Companion to Racial and Ethnic Studies. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 145–159.
(2009) Critical Discourse Studies: a Socio-Cognitive Approach. In Wodak, R. and Meyer, M. (eds) Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis. London: Sage, pp.62–86.
(2014) Discourse – Cognition – Society: Curren state and prospects of the socio-cognitive approach to discourse. In Cap, P. and Hart, C. (eds) Contemporary Critical Discourse Studies. London: Bloomsbury, pp. 121–146.
van Leeuwen, T.
(2008) Discourse and Practice: New Tools for Critical Discourse Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Crossref link
van Peer, W.
(1986) Stylistics and Psychology: Investigations of Foregrounding. London: Taylor and Francis.
van Peer, W. and Andringa, E.
(1990) Stylistic intuitions: an empirical study. Language and Style, 23(2), 235–46.
van Peer, W., Hakemulder, F., Hakemulder, J. and Zyngier, S.
(2007) Muses and Measures: Empirical Research Methods for the Humanities. Newcastle-Upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars.
van Peer, W., Hakemulder, F. and Zyngier, S.
(2012) Scientific Methods for the Humanities. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Verdonk, P.
(1993) Poetry and public life: a contextualised reading of Seamus Heaney’s Punishment . In Verdonk, P. (ed.) 20th Century Poetry: from Text to Context. London: Routledge, pp. 112–33.Crossref link
(2005) Painting, poetry, parallelism: ekphrasis, stylistics and cognitive poetics. 14(3): 231–244.
Wales, K.
(2015) ‘Loquor, ergo sum’: ‘I’ and animateness re-considered. In Gardelle, L. and Sorlin, S. The Pragmatics of Personal Pronouns. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Walsh, C.
(1998) Gender and mediatised political discourse: A case study of press coverage of Margaret Beckett’s campaign for the Labour leadership in 1994. Language and Literature, 7(3), 199–214. Crossref link
Watson, D., Wiese, D., Vaidya, J. and Tellegen, A.
(1999) The two general activation systems of affect: Structural findings, evolutionary considerations, and psychobiological evidence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76(5), 820–838. Crossref link
Wenger, E.
(1998) Communities of Practice: Learning, Meaning and Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Weisberg, J.
Werth, P.
(1977) The linguistics of double-vision. The Journal of Literary Semantics, 6(1), 3–28. Crossref link
(1993) Accomodation and the myth of presupposition: A view from discourse. Lingua, 89(1), 39–95. Crossref link
(1994) Extended metaphor: a text world account. Language and Literature, 3(2), 79–103.Crossref link
(1999) Text Worlds: Representing Conceptual Space in Discourse. London: Longman.
Whiteley, S.
(2011a) Text World Theory, real readers, and emotional responses to Remains of the Day . Language and Literature, 20(1), 23–42. Crossref link
(2011b) Talking about “An Accommodation”: the implications of discussion group data for community engagement and pedagogy. Language and Literature, 20(3), 236–56. Crossref link
(2016) Building resonant worlds: Experiencing the text-worlds of The Unconsoled . In Gavins, J. and Lahey, E. (eds) World Building: Discourse in the Mind. London: Bloomsbury, pp. 165–182.
Williams, J.
(ed.) (2009) An Introduciton to Classical Rhetoric: Essential Readings. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
Wodak, R.
(2009) The Discourse of Politics in Action: Politics as Usual. Basingstoke: Palgrave. Crossref link
Wright, M.
Wodak, R. and Meyer, M.
(2009) Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis. London: Sage.
Zeschel, A.
(2008) Introduction. Cognitive Linguistics, 19(3), 349–55. Crossref link
Zhang, J.
(2010) Exploring rhetoric of public diplomacy in the mixed-motive situation: Using the case of President Barack Obama’s ‘nuclear-free world’ speech in Prague. Place Branding and Public Diplomacy, 6(4), 287–299. Crossref link
Zyngier, S., Bortolussi, M., Chesnokova, A. and Auracher, J.
(eds) (2008) Directions in Empirical Literary Studies: In Honor of Willie Van Peer. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Zyngier, S., van Peer, W. and Hakemulder, J.
(2007) Complexity and foregrounding: in the eye of the beholder? Poetics Today, 28(4), 653–82. Crossref link
Cited by

Cited by other publications

No author info given
2019.  In Intertextuality in Practice [Linguistic Approaches to Literature, 33], Crossref logo
Browse, Sam
2018.  In Doing Politics [Discourse Approaches to Politics, Society and Culture, 80],  pp. 333 ff. Crossref logo
Gavins, Joanna
2019.  In Experiencing Fictional Worlds [Linguistic Approaches to Literature, 32],  pp. 219 ff. Crossref logo
Levko, Oleksandr
2018. Shaping of the axiological status of Tomos in Ukrainian religious media discourse in the light of cognitive linguistics and rhetoric. Actual issues of Ukrainian linguistics: theory and practice :37  pp. 89 ff. Crossref logo
Neurohr, Benedict & Lizzie Stewart-Shaw
2019.  In Experiencing Fictional Worlds [Linguistic Approaches to Literature, 32],  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Statham, Simon & Rocío Montoro
2019. The year’s work in stylistics 2018. Language and Literature: International Journal of Stylistics 28:4  pp. 354 ff. Crossref logo
Woodhams, Jay M.
2019.  In Political Identity in Discourse,  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 09 april 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Subjects

Communication Studies

Communication Studies

Literature & Literary Studies

Theoretical literature & literary studies
BIC Subject: CFG – Semantics, Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis
BISAC Subject: LAN009030 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / Pragmatics
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2018026493