Fossilized Second Language Grammars

The acquisition of grammatical gender

| Lancaster University
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027252982 | EUR 115.00 | USD 173.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027293985 | EUR 115.00 | USD 173.00
 
This monograph is a theoretical and empirical investigation into the mechanisms and causes of successful and unsuccessful adult second language acquisition.Couched within a generative framework, the study explores how a learner’s first language and the age at which they acquire their second language may contribute to the L2 knowledge that they can ultimately attain. The empirical study focuses on a group of very advanced L2 speakers, and through a series of tests aims to discover what underpins their near mastery of grammatical gender and other grammatical properties.The book explores an account of persistent selective divergence based on the idea that child and adult learners are fundamentally similar, except that in adults the L1 plays the role of a fairly rigid filter of the linguistic input. The impossibility of representing the new target language other than by using the building blocks of the previously established L1 is argued to be the main reason why near but not totally native like language representations are formed and become established in adult L2 learners.
[Language Acquisition and Language Disorders, 38]  2005.  xxiv, 288 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Abstract
ix
Acknowledgements
xi
List of appendices
xiii
List of tables
xv–xvii
List of figures
xix–xxi
Abbreviations
xxiii–xxiv
Introduction
1–8
Definitions, assumptions and predictions
9–41
Competing theories of NS/NNS ultimate attainment differences
43–67
Gender
69–120
The empirical study
121–190
Discussion
191–205
Notes
207–214
References
215–240
Appendices
241–281
Name index
283–286
Subject index
287–288
“Franceschina's study makes a valuable addition to the L2 literature: By virtue of finely designed experimental tasks, the study produces a granular understanding of the linguistic loci of the particular learning problem (i.e., L2 endstate, nontargetlike representation of Spanish grammatical gender), and at the same time offers substantive insights on broader issues such as interlearner variability and the role of L1 in SLA ultimate attainment.”
Cited by

Cited by other publications

No author info given
2015.  In Afro-Peruvian Spanish [Creole Language Library, 51], Crossref logo
Alarcón, Irma
2013.  In The Handbook of Spanish Second Language Acquisition,  pp. 202 ff. Crossref logo
ALARCÓN, IRMA V.
2011. Spanish gender agreement under complete and incomplete acquisition: Early and late bilinguals' linguistic behavior within the noun phrase. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 14:3  pp. 332 ff. Crossref logo
Alemán Bañón, José, Robert Fiorentino & Alison Gabriele
2014. Morphosyntactic processing in advanced second language (L2) learners: An event-related potential investigation of the effects of L1–L2 similarity and structural distance. Second Language Research 30:3  pp. 275 ff. Crossref logo
Alemán Bañón, José, Robert Fiorentino, Alison Gabriele & Carrie Jackson
2018. Using event-related potentials to track morphosyntactic development in second language learners: The processing of number and gender agreement in Spanish. PLOS ONE 13:7  pp. e0200791 ff. Crossref logo
ANDERSSON, ANNIKA, SUSAN SAYEHLI & MARIANNE GULLBERG
2019. Language background affects online word order processing in a second language but not offline. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 22:04  pp. 802 ff. Crossref logo
Arroyo, Diana C. & Yucel Yilmaz
2018. An Open for Replication Study: The Role of Feedback Timing in Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication. Language Learning 68:4  pp. 942 ff. Crossref logo
AYOUN, DALILA
2018. Grammatical gender assignment in French: dispelling the native speaker myth. Journal of French Language Studies 28:1  pp. 113 ff. Crossref logo
Bartning, Inge, Fanny Forsberg Lundell & Victorine Hancock
2012. ON THE ROLE OF LINGUISTIC CONTEXTUAL FACTORS FOR MORPHOSYNTACTIC STABILIZATION IN HIGH-LEVEL L2 FRENCH. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 34:2  pp. 243 ff. Crossref logo
BARTOLOTTI, JAMES & VIORICA MARIAN
2017. Orthographic knowledge and lexical form influence vocabulary learning. Applied Psycholinguistics 38:2  pp. 427 ff. Crossref logo
BIANCHI, GIULIA
2013. Gender in Italian–German bilinguals: A comparison with German L2 learners of Italian. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 16:3  pp. 538 ff. Crossref logo
Blom, Elma, Daniela Polišenská & Sharon Unsworth
2008. The acquisition of grammatical gender in Dutch. Second Language Research 24:3  pp. 259 ff. Crossref logo
Blom, Elma, Daniela Polišenská & Fred Weerman
2008. Articles, adjectives and age of onset: the acquisition of Dutch grammatical gender. Second Language Research 24:3  pp. 297 ff. Crossref logo
BORDAG, DENISA, AMIT KIRSCHENBAUM, MARIA ROGAHN, ANDREAS OPITZ & ERWIN TSCHIRNER
2019. Misbehaved masculines: Incidental acquisition of grammatical gender in L2 German during reading. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 22:1  pp. 130 ff. Crossref logo
Bruhn de Garavito, Joyce
2016.  In Language Acquisition Beyond Parameters [Studies in Bilingualism, 51],  pp. 99 ff. Crossref logo
Caffarra, Sendy, Horacio Barber, Nicola Molinaro & Manuel Carreiras
2017. When the end matters: influence of gender cues during agreement computation in bilinguals. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience 32:9  pp. 1069 ff. Crossref logo
Camacho, José & Alena Kirova
2015.  In Hispanic Linguistics at the Crossroads [Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, 4],  pp. 169 ff. Crossref logo
Carroll, Susanne E. & Angela George
2018. What absolute beginners learn from input. Instructed Second Language Acquisition 2:2  pp. 112 ff. Crossref logo
CHONDROGIANNI, VASILIKI & THEODOROS MARINIS
2012. Production and processing asymmetries in the acquisition of tense morphology by sequential bilingual children. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 15:1  pp. 5 ff. Crossref logo
Cornips, Leonie & Aafke Hulk
2008. Factors of success and failure in the acquisition of grammatical gender in Dutch. Second Language Research 24:3  pp. 267 ff. Crossref logo
CUZA, ALEJANDRO & ROCÍO PÉREZ-TATTAM
2016. Grammatical gender selection and phrasal word order in child heritage Spanish: A feature re-assembly approach. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 19:1  pp. 50 ff. Crossref logo
Denhovska, Nadiia & Ludovica Serratrice
2017. Incidental Learning of Gender Agreement in L2. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 46:5  pp. 1187 ff. Crossref logo
Dias de Oliveira Santos, Victor
2015. Can colors, voices, and images help learners acquire the grammatical gender of German nouns?. Language Teaching Research 19:4  pp. 473 ff. Crossref logo
Dussias, Paola E., Jorge R. Valdés Kroff, Rosa E. Guzzardo Tamargo & Chip Gerfen
2013. WHEN GENDER AND LOOKING GO HAND IN HAND. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 35:2  pp. 353 ff. Crossref logo
Finneran, Rosette Bambino & ZhaoHong Han
2019.  In The TESOL Encyclopedia of English Language Teaching,  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
FOOTE, REBECCA
2011. Integrated knowledge of agreement in early and late English–Spanish bilinguals. Applied Psycholinguistics 32:1  pp. 187 ff. Crossref logo
Foote, Rebecca
2014. Age of Acquisition and Sensitivity to Gender in Spanish Word Recognition. Language Acquisition 21:4  pp. 365 ff. Crossref logo
Foote, Rebecca
2015. The production of gender agreement in native and L2 Spanish: The role of morphophonological form. Second Language Research 31:3  pp. 343 ff. Crossref logo
FRICKE, MELINDA, MEGAN ZIRNSTEIN, CHRISTIAN NAVARRO-TORRES & JUDITH F. KROLL
2019. Bilingualism reveals fundamental variation in language processing. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 22:1  pp. 200 ff. Crossref logo
Gabriele, Alison, Robert Fiorentino & José Alemán Bañón
2013. Examining second language development using event-related potentials. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 3:2  pp. 213 ff. Crossref logo
GIANCASPRO, DAVID, BECKY HALLORAN & MICHAEL IVERSON
2015. Transfer at the initial stages of L3 Brazilian Portuguese: A look at three groups of English/Spanish bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 18:2  pp. 191 ff. Crossref logo
Gillon Dowens, Margaret & Manuel Carreiras
2013.  In The Handbook of Spanish Second Language Acquisition,  pp. 64 ff. Crossref logo
Grijzenhout, Janet
2019. Phonology constrains morphology differently in developing L1, cL2, and L2 Grammars. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 9:6  pp. 838 ff. Crossref logo
Grüter, Theres, Casey Lew-Williams & Anne Fernald
2012. Grammatical gender in L2: A production or a real-time processing problem?. Second Language Research 28:2  pp. 191 ff. Crossref logo
GUIJARRO-FUENTES, PEDRO
2012. The acquisition of interpretable features in L2 Spanish: Personal a. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 15:4  pp. 701 ff. Crossref logo
Guijarro-Fuentes, Pedro
2014. Adjectival modification in L2 Spanish Noun Phrases. EUROSLA Yearbook 14  pp. 143 ff. Crossref logo
Guijarro-Fuentes, Pedro & María Pilar Larrañaga
2011. Evidence of V to I raising in L2 Spanish. International Journal of Bilingualism 15:4  pp. 486 ff. Crossref logo
Han, Zhaohong
2012.  In The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics, Crossref logo
Hanulíková, Adriana, Petra M. van Alphen, Merel M. van Goch & Andrea Weber
2012. When One Person's Mistake Is Another's Standard Usage: The Effect of Foreign Accent on Syntactic Processing. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 24:4  pp. 878 ff. Crossref logo
HERSCHENSOHN, JULIA & DEBORAH ARTEAGA
2009. Tense and verb raising in advanced L2 French. Journal of French Language Studies 19:3  pp. 291 ff. Crossref logo
HOPP, HOLGER
2009. The syntax–discourse interface in near-native L2 acquisition: Off-line and on-line performance. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 12:4  pp. 463 ff. Crossref logo
Hopp, Holger
2011. Internal and external factors in the child L2 development of the German determiner phrase. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 1:3  pp. 238 ff. Crossref logo
Hopp, Holger
2016. Learning (not) to predict: Grammatical gender processing in second language acquisition. Second Language Research 32:2  pp. 277 ff. Crossref logo
Holger Hopp & Hopp, Holger
2013. Grammatical gender in adult L2 acquisition: Relations between lexical and syntactic variability. Second Language Research 29:1  pp. 33 ff. Crossref logo
Holger Hopp, Hwang, Sun Hee & Donna Lardiere
2013. Plural-marking in L2 Korean: A feature-based approach. Second Language Research 29:1  pp. 57 ff. Crossref logo
Hopp, Holger & Natalia Lemmerth
2018. LEXICAL AND SYNTACTIC CONGRUENCY IN L2 PREDICTIVE GENDER PROCESSING. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 40:1  pp. 171 ff. Crossref logo
Holger Hopp, Montrul, Silvina, Israel de la Fuente, Justin Davidson & Rebecca Foote
2013. The role of experience in the acquisition and production of diminutives and gender in Spanish: Evidence from L2 learners and heritage speakers. Second Language Research 29:1  pp. 87 ff. Crossref logo
Imaz Agirre, Ainara
2016. The processing of gender assignment in Spanish. Revista Española de Lingüística Aplicada/Spanish Journal of Applied Linguistics 29:2  pp. 523 ff. Crossref logo
Irslinger, Britta
2009. Genus und Nominalaspekt. Historical Linguistics 122:1  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Isabelli-García, Christina
2010. Acquisition of Spanish Gender Agreement in Two Learning Contexts: Study Abroad and At Home. Foreign Language Annals 43:2  pp. 289 ff. Crossref logo
Ito, Kinji & Shannon M. Hilliker
2018.  In Promoting Ethnic Diversity and Multiculturalism in Higher Education [Advances in Higher Education and Professional Development, ],  pp. 40 ff. Crossref logo
Jiang, Nan, Guiling Hu, Anna Chrabaszcz & Lijuan Ye
2017. The activation of grammaticalized meaning in L2 processing: Toward an explanation of the morphological congruency effect. International Journal of Bilingualism 21:1  pp. 81 ff. Crossref logo
Keating, Gregory D.
2009. Sensitivity to Violations of Gender Agreement in Native and Nonnative Spanish: An Eye-Movement Investigation. Language Learning 59:3  pp. 503 ff. Crossref logo
Kim, Hyunwoo
2018. Second Language Processing of Korean Floating Numeral Quantifiers. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 47:5  pp. 1101 ff. Crossref logo
Klassen, Gabrielle & John W. Schwieter
2013. The Morphosyntactic Interface of Determiner Phrases. Open Journal of Modern Linguistics 03:04  pp. 360 ff. Crossref logo
Klassen, Rachel
2016.  In Language Acquisition Beyond Parameters [Studies in Bilingualism, 51],  pp. 73 ff. Crossref logo
Kroll, Judith F. & Paola E. Dussias
2012.  In The Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism,  pp. 216 ff. Crossref logo
Kroll, Judith F., Paola E. Dussias, Kinsey Bice & Lauren Perrotti
2015. Bilingualism, Mind, and Brain. Annual Review of Linguistics 1:1  pp. 377 ff. Crossref logo
Lardiere, Donna
2011. Who is the Interface Hypothesis about?. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 1:1  pp. 48 ff. Crossref logo
Leal, Tania, Roumyana Slabakova & Thomas A. Farmer
2017. THE FINE-TUNING OF LINGUISTIC EXPECTATIONS OVER THE COURSE OF L2 LEARNING. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 39:3  pp. 493 ff. Crossref logo
Lee, EunHee & Donna Lardiere
2019. Feature reassembly in the acquisition of plural marking by Korean and Indonesian bilinguals. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 9:1  pp. 73 ff. Crossref logo
Lemmerth, Natalia & Holger Hopp
2019. Gender processing in simultaneous and successive bilingual children: Cross-linguistic lexical and syntactic influences. Language Acquisition 26:1  pp. 21 ff. Crossref logo
Liszka, Sarah Ann
2015.  In The Acquisition of the Present,  pp. 57 ff. Crossref logo
Liu, Yeu-Ting
2018. Linguistic relativity in L2 acquisition. Language and Linguistics 19:1  pp. 117 ff. Crossref logo
LUNDELL, FANNY FORSBERG, INGE BARTNING, HUGUES ENGEL, ANNA GUDMUNDSON, VICTORINE HANCOCK & CHRISTINA LINDQVIST
2014. Beyond advanced stages in high-level spoken L2 French. Journal of French Language Studies 24:2  pp. 255 ff. Crossref logo
López Prego, Beatriz & Alison Gabriele
2014. Examining the impact of task demands on morphological variability in native and non-native Spanish. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 4:2  pp. 192 ff. Crossref logo
Martohardjono, Gita & Elaine C. Klein
2017.  In The Handbook of Psycholinguistics,  pp. 653 ff. Crossref logo
McLaughlin, Judith, Darren Tanner, Ilona Pitkänen, Cheryl Frenck-Mestre, Kayo Inoue, Geoffrey Valentine & Lee Osterhout
2010. Brain Potentials Reveal Discrete Stages of L2 Grammatical Learning. Language Learning 60  pp. 123 ff. Crossref logo
MEISEL, JÜRGEN M.
2018. Early child second language acquisition: French gender in German children. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 21:4  pp. 656 ff. Crossref logo
Meulman, Nienke, Laurie A. Stowe, Simone A. Sprenger, Moniek Bresser & Monika S. Schmid
2014. An ERP study on L2 syntax processing: When do learners fail?. Frontiers in Psychology 5 Crossref logo
Montrul, Silvina
2009. REEXAMINING THE FUNDAMENTAL DIFFERENCE HYPOTHESIS. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 31:2  pp. 225 ff. Crossref logo
Montrul, Silvina
2011. MORPHOLOGICAL ERRORS IN SPANISH SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNERS AND HERITAGE SPEAKERS. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 33:2  pp. 163 ff. Crossref logo
MONTRUL, SILVINA, JUSTIN DAVIDSON, ISRAEL DE LA FUENTE & REBECCA FOOTE
2014. Early language experience facilitates the processing of gender agreement in Spanish heritage speakers. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 17:1  pp. 118 ff. Crossref logo
Montrul, Silvina, Rebecca Foote & Silvia Perpiñán
2008. Gender Agreement in Adult Second Language Learners and Spanish Heritage Speakers: The Effects of Age and Context of Acquisition. Language Learning 58:3  pp. 503 ff. Crossref logo
Montrul, Silvina & Kim Potowski
2007. Command of gender agreement in school-age Spanish-English Bilingual Children. International Journal of Bilingualism 11:3  pp. 301 ff. Crossref logo
Morgan-Short, Kara, Cristina Sanz, Karsten Steinhauer & Michael T. Ullman
2010. Second Language Acquisition of Gender Agreement in Explicit and Implicit Training Conditions: An Event-Related Potential Study. Language Learning 60:1  pp. 154 ff. Crossref logo
Narang, Vaishna, Salonee Priya & Varalakshmi Chaudhry
2016.  In Second Language Acquisition in Multilingual and Mixed Ability Indian Classrooms,  pp. 23 ff. Crossref logo
Perpiñán, Silvia
2014. Locatives and existentials in L2 Spanish: The acquisition of the semantic contrasts among ser, estar and haber. Second Language Research 30:4  pp. 485 ff. Crossref logo
Perpiñán, Silvia
2017. Catalan-Spanish bilingualism continuum. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 7:5  pp. 477 ff. Crossref logo
Ramírez-Cruz, Héctor
2018.  In Language Variation and Contact-Induced Change [Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 340],  pp. 175 ff. Crossref logo
Renaud, Claire
2014. A processing investigation of the accessibility of the uninterpretable gender feature in L2 French and L2 Spanish adjective agreement. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 4:2  pp. 222 ff. Crossref logo
Roberts, Leah
2012. Individual Differences in Second Language Sentence Processing. Language Learning 62  pp. 172 ff. Crossref logo
Roberts, Leah, Jorge González Alonso, Christos Pliatsikas & Jason Rothman
2018. Evidence from neurolinguistic methodologies: Can it actually inform linguistic/language acquisition theories and translate to evidence-based applications?. Second Language Research 34:1  pp. 125 ff. Crossref logo
Romanova, Natalia & Kira Gor
2017. PROCESSING OF GENDER AND NUMBER AGREEMENT IN RUSSIAN AS A SECOND LANGUAGE. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 39:1  pp. 97 ff. Crossref logo
Romero, Rey & Sandro Sessarego
2018.  In Language Variation and Contact-Induced Change [Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 340],  pp. 63 ff. Crossref logo
Rothman, Jason
2008. Why All Counter-Evidence to the Critical Period Hypothesis in Second Language Acquisition Is not Equal or Problematic. Language and Linguistics Compass 2:6  pp. 1063 ff. Crossref logo
Rothman, Jason
2009. Knowledge of A/A'-dependencies on subject extraction with two types of infinitives in non-native Portuguese adult bilingualism. International Journal of Bilingualism 13:1  pp. 111 ff. Crossref logo
Rothman, Jason, José Alemán Bañón & Jorge González Alonso
2015. Neurolinguistic measures of typological effects in multilingual transfer: introducing an ERP methodology. Frontiers in Psychology 6 Crossref logo
Rothman, Jason, Fatih Bayram, Ian Cunnings & Jorge González Alonso
2019.  In The Cambridge Handbook of Language Learning,  pp. 13 ff. Crossref logo
Rothman, Jason & Michael Iverson
2008. Poverty-of-the-Stimulus and SLA Epistemology: Considering L2 Knowledge of Aspectual Phrasal Semantics. Language Acquisition 15:4  pp. 270 ff. Crossref logo
Rothman, Jason, Tiffany Judy, Pedro Guijarro-Fuentes & Acrisio Pires
2010. ON THE (UN)-AMBIGUITY OF ADJECTIVAL MODIFICATION IN SPANISH DETERMINER PHRASES. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 32:1  pp. 47 ff. Crossref logo
Rothman, Jason & Diego Pascual y Cabo
2013.  In The Handbook of Spanish Second Language Acquisition,  pp. 46 ff. Crossref logo
Sagarra, Nuria & Rebekha Abbuhl
2013. Optimizing the Noticing of Recasts via Computer-Delivered Feedback: Evidence That Oral Input Enhancement and Working Memory Help Second Language Learning. The Modern Language Journal 97:1  pp. 196 ff. Crossref logo
Sagarra, Nuria & Julia Herschensohn
2011. Proficiency and Animacy Effects on L2 Gender Agreement Processes During Comprehension. Language Learning 61:1  pp. 80 ff. Crossref logo
Sagarra, Nuria & Julia Herschensohn
2013. Processing of gender and number agreement in late Spanish bilinguals. International Journal of Bilingualism 17:5  pp. 607 ff. Crossref logo
Schmid, Monika S.
2014. The Debate on Maturational Constraints in Bilingual Development: A Perspective from First-Language Attrition. Language Acquisition 21:4  pp. 386 ff. Crossref logo
Schmid, Monika S.
2016.  In Designing Research on Bilingual Development [SpringerBriefs in Linguistics, ],  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Schwieter, John W. & Gabrielle Klassen
2016. Linguistic advances and learning strategies in a short-term study abroad experience. Study Abroad Research in Second Language Acquisition and International Education 1:2  pp. 217 ff. Crossref logo
Sessarego, Sandro
2019.  In Language Contact and the Making of an Afro-Hispanic Vernacular, Crossref logo
SHIMANSKAYA, ELENA & ROUMYANA SLABAKOVA
2017. Re-assembling objects: a new look at the L2 acquisition of pronominal clitics. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 20:3  pp. 512 ff. Crossref logo
Slabakova, Roumyana
2018.  In The Handbook of Advanced Proficiency in Second Language Acquisition,  pp. 381 ff. Crossref logo
Song, Yoonsang
2015. L2 Processing of Plural Inflection in English. Language Learning 65:2  pp. 233 ff. Crossref logo
Spinner, Patti
2013. The second language acquisition of number and gender in Swahili: A Feature Reassembly approach. Second Language Research 29:4  pp. 455 ff. Crossref logo
Spinner, Patti, Rebecca Foote & Rose Acen Upor
2018. Gender and number processing in second language Swahili. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 8:4  pp. 446 ff. Crossref logo
Spinner, Patti, Susan M. Gass & Jennifer Behney
2013. ECOLOGICAL VALIDITY IN EYE-TRACKING. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 35:2  pp. 389 ff. Crossref logo
Unsworth, Sharon
2008. Age and input in the acquisition of grammatical gender in Dutch. Second Language Research 24:3  pp. 365 ff. Crossref logo
UNSWORTH, SHARON, FROSO ARGYRI, LEONIE CORNIPS, AAFKE HULK, ANTONELLA SORACE & IANTHI TSIMPLI
2014. The role of age of onset and input in early child bilingualism in Greek and Dutch. Applied Psycholinguistics 35:4  pp. 765 ff. Crossref logo
VanPatten, Bill, Gregory D. Keating & Michael J. Leeser
2012. Missing verbal inflections as a representational problem. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 2:2  pp. 109 ff. Crossref logo
White, Erin Jacquelyn, Fred Genesee, Karsten Steinhauer & Jean-Claude Baron
2012. Brain Responses before and after Intensive Second Language Learning: Proficiency Based Changes and First Language Background Effects in Adult Learners. PLoS ONE 7:12  pp. e52318 ff. Crossref logo
Xu, Jue, Rasha Abdel Rahman & Werner Sommer
2019. Perceived language competence modulates criteria for speech error processing: evidence from event-related potentials. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 29 december 2019. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2005050834