Someone judges every sentence
Third language acquisition of quantifier scope in Turkish
This study investigates the interpretation of distributive readings of universal quantifiers in third language (L3) Turkish by native Japanese speakers whose second language is English. The findings show that L3 speakers allow the subject-wide interpretation in both SOV and OSV sentences, suggesting no cross-linguistic transfer. Native Turkish speakers, on the other hand, prefer surface scope readings over inverse scope readings in both SOV and OSV sentences. These findings suggest that there is no first or second language transfer in the acquisition of quantifier scope in L3 Turkish as evidenced by a clear preference for the subject-wide interpretation due to merging of the subject DP into the SpecTP position.