Chapter published in:Studies in Chinese and Japanese Language Acquisition: In honor of Stephen Crain
Edited by Mineharu Nakayama, Yi-ching Su and Aijun Huang
[Language Acquisition and Language Disorders 60] 2017
► pp. 41–61
Negation, uncertainty, and the Truth Value Judgment Task
This article discusses a variant of the Truth Value Judgment Task (TVJT), which I call the uncertainty mode. In a TVJT experiment conducted with children, a puppet manipulated by an experimenter presents the test sentences to the participant. In the uncertainty mode of TVJT, the crucial test sentences are presented as a guess regarding what has happened in an experimental story, rather than as a description or as a prediction. The crucial feature of this experimental design is that the experimental story employs a certain structure so that the puppet can access only incomplete information at the time when he provides the test sentence. This methodology allows the researcher to create a pragmatic context in which negation and uncertainty expressions, such as disjunction or indefinite pronouns, can be felicitously used. I will review the background from which the uncertainty mode emerged, as well as the advantages of this variant of the TVJT.
Published online: 24 August 2017
Boster, C.T. & Crain, S.
Chierchia, G., Crain, S., Guasti, M.T. & Thornton, R.
Chierchia, G., Crain, S., Guasti, M. T., Gualmini, A. & Meroni, L.
Crain, S. & Thornton, R.
Crain, S., Thornton, R., Boster, C., Conway, L., Lillo-Martin, D. & Woodams, E.
Crain, S., Gardner, A., Gualmini, A. & Rabbin, B.
Drozd, K. & van Loosbroek, E.
Goro, T. & Akiba, S.
Gualmini, A. & Crain, S.
Gualmini, A., Hulsey, S., Hacquard, V. & Fox, D.
Musolino, J., Crain, S. & Thornton, R.
Musolino, J. & Lidz, J.
Papafragou, A. & Musolino, J.
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