Chapter published in:Nominal Compound Acquisition
Edited by Wolfgang U. Dressler, F. Nihan Ketrez and Marianne Kilani-Schoch
[Language Acquisition and Language Disorders 61] 2017
► pp. 63–90
Acquisition of nominal compounds in Russian
This chapter discusses early noun compound acquisition in the morphologically rich, but relatively compound-poor Russian language, reflected in lower frequency of compounds in CDS and CS. The results are based on longitudinal data of five typically-developing monolingual children and their caregivers, analysing first emergence, the development of different compound patterns, productivity, frequency, simplicity and transparency of compounds. Russian children start to acquire compounds quite early (at the beginning of the protomorphology stage), with productive and semantically transparent interfixed patterns (‘X+VERB’, later ‘X+NOUN’). The compound frequency in CDS depends not only on the target-system productivity of a pattern, but also on individual preferences and the topic of conversation. The simplicity of a pattern appears to have no impact on early acquisition.
Keywords: Russian compounds, frequency, productivity, transparency, simplicity, input-output relations
Published online: 19 December 2017
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Cited by 1 other publications
Dressler, Wolfgang U., Sabine Sommer-Lolei, Katharina Korecky-Kröll, Reili Argus, Ineta Dabašinskienė, Laura Kamandulytė-Merfeldienė, Johanna Johansen Ijäs, Victoria V. Kazakovskaya, Klaus Laalo & Evangelia Thomadaki
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