Chapter published in:On the Acquisition of the Syntax of Romance
Edited by Anna Gavarró
[Language Acquisition and Language Disorders 62] 2018
► pp. 7–30
French experiencer verbs and the Universal Freezing Hypothesis
The Universal Freezing Hypothesis (UFH) of Snyder and Hyams (2015) predicts that the developmental time course of English be-passives follows from younger children’s inability to make exceptions to the Freezing Principle, required for smuggling derivations, where mature speakers can. Recent research (Belletti & Rizzi, 2012) indicates that Object-Experiencer (OE) verbs, but not Subject-Experiencer (SE) verbs, require smuggling. We use French to test the resulting prediction of the UFH: mastery of French OE verbs should be late, after age 4, but SE verbs are mastered much earlier. Analysis of longitudinal spontaneous-speech data from 11 children acquiring French indicates that OE verbs are infrequent in children’s speech prior to age 4, while SE verbs are present earlier, usually by age 2.
- 2.Prior research
- 2.1The Universal Freezing Hypothesis and the acquisition of be-passives
- 2.2The UFH and the acquisition of get-passives
- 2.3Guasti’s conjecture for Romance causatives
- 2.4Acquisition of French causatives
- 2.5Romance causatives and the UFH
- 2.6The locus of maturational change
- 3.Experiencer verbs and smuggling
- 3.1The UFH and the acquisition of French experiencer verbs
Published online: 12 December 2018
Belletti, A., & Rizzi, L.
Bencini, G., & Valian, V.
Borer, H., & Wexler, K.
Borga, J., & Snyder, W.
Cheung, C. C., & Larson, R. K.
Crain, S., & Fodor, J. D.
Deen, K., Bondoc, I., Camp, A., Estioca, S., Hwang, H., Shin, G. -H., Takahashi, M., Zenker, F., Zhong, J. C.
Demuth, K., & Tremblay, A.
Folli, R., & Harley, H.
Fox, D., & Grodzinsky, Y.
Gehrke, B., & Grillo, N.
Guasti, M. T.
Harris, F., & Flora, J.
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Hornstein, N., Martins, A. M., & Nunes, J.
Lima Júnior, J. C., & Augusto, M. R. A.
(2015) Is ‘smuggling’ really necessary? The most recent analyses of passive sentences reconsidered in terms of phasehood and cyclic movement. ReVEL, special edition, n.9. http://www.revel.inf.br/files/81954df228d7a783f4f40bb33fca2a6c.pdf
Maratsos, M. P., Fox, D., Becker, J., & Chalkley, M. A.
Messenger, K., Branigan, H. P., & McLean, J. F.
Morgenstern, A., & Parisse, C.
Orfitelli, R. M.
Pinker, S., Lebeaux, D., & Frost, L.
Rouveret, A., & Vergnaud, J. R.
Slobin, D. I.
Snyder, W., & Hyams, N.
(2010) French reflexive se: Binding and merge locality. http://ling.auf.net/lingBuzz/001273
Turner, E. A., & Rommetveit, R.
Wexler, K., & Culicover, P.
Cited by 1 other publications
Nguyen, Emma & Lisa Pearl
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