Chapter in:The Acquisition of Derivational Morphology: A cross-linguistic perspective
Edited by Veronika Mattes, Sabine Sommer-Lolei, Katharina Korecky-Kröll and Wolfgang U. Dressler
[Language Acquisition and Language Disorders 66] 2021
► pp. 86–108
Emergence and early development of derivatives in Danish child language
This chapter is a first attempt to describe and characterize the development of derivational morphology in monolingual Danish-speaking children’s early spontaneous speech. It introduces the Danish derivational system and gives an overview of the most common derivational types in Danish, emphasizing the interaction between derivation and prosody. It analyses derivatives in a corpus of parent-child-interactions and discusses factors impacting early development of derivatives. The results show that conventional derivatives appear from age 1;3–1;7. The most frequent derivatives and derivational patterns in child speech are also among the most frequent in child-directed speech. Only a very small inventory of derivational patterns has emerged up to age 3;11, and only vague traces of an emerging knowledge of productive derivation are found.
Keywords: input-output relations, frequency, prosody, conversion, mini-paradigm criterion of potential productivity