Strategic uses of certainty and uncertainty in a political debate
The paper analyses the contribution of modal forms expressing certainty and uncertainty to the construal of a politician’s ethos. Deontic modals are considered implicit evidentials. The theoretical and methodological background of the analysis is provided by pragmatics and discourse analysis, as discourse is the main place where ethos is construed. The illustrative data are selected from a TV debate which took place in the last presidential election campaign in Romania (2009). The confrontation involved Traian Bǎsescu (TB), the President in office, running for a second term, and Crin Antonescu (CA), the president of the National Liberal Party. The differences in their strategic use of certainty and uncertainty marks define two types of ethos for the audience: an ethos of power (TB) vs. an ethos of a man of character (CA).
Aikhenwald, Alexandra Y
. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2006 L’argumentation dans le discours
, [Argumentation in Discourse]
2nd ed. Paris: Armand Colin.
Anderson, Lloyd B
1986 “Evidentials, Pathos of Change and Mental Maps: Typologically Regular Asymmetries.”
In Evidentiality: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology
, ed. by Wallace L. Chafe
, and Johanna Nichols
, 273-312. Norwood NJ: Ablex.
Le discours politique
. Les masques du pouvoir
. [Political Discourse. The Masks of Power]. Paris: Vuibert.
Cornillie, Bert, and Paola Pietrandrea
“Modality at Work. Cognitive, Interactional and Textual Functions of Modal Markers
.” Journal of Pragmatics
2012 “Mitigation: The Combined Effects of Imposition and Certitude.” Journal of Pragmatics
“‘And I Think That Is a Very Straightforward Way of Dealing With It.’ The Communicative Function of Cognitive Verbs in Political Discourse
.” Journal of Language and Social Psychology
27 (4): 384-396.
Gramatica limbii române [The Grammar of Romanian], II, Enunţul [Utterance]
Bucureşti: Editura Academiei Române.
In Concise Encyclopedia of Pragmatics
, ed. by Jacob L. Mey
, 591-597. Amsterdam, etc.: Elsevier.
1986 Mood and Modality
. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2012 “Modality and Argumentative Discourse Relations: A Study of the Italian Necessity Modal Dovere.” Journal of Pragmatics
2012 “The Evidential Meaning of Modal Parentheticals.” Journal of Pragmatics
2000 “The Functions of I Think in Political Discourse.” International Journal of Applied Linguistics
Simon-Vandenbergen, Anne-Marie, Peter R. R. White, and Karin Aijmer
2007 “Theories of Identity and the Analysis of Face.” Journal of Pragmatics
2012 “Evidentiality in Interaction: The Concessive Use of the Italian Future between Grammar and Discourse.” Journal of Pragmatics
Cited by 2 other publications
Jiang, Xiaoming & Marc D. Pell
. The sound of confidence and doubt
. Speech Communication
pp. 106 ff.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 25 may 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
Any errors therein should be reported to them.