Article published in:The Form of Structure, the Structure of Form: Essays in honor of Jean Lowenstamm
Edited by Sabrina Bendjaballah, Noam Faust, Mohamed Lahrouchi and Nicola Lampitelli
[Language Faculty and Beyond 12] 2014
► pp. 303–314
On Plurals, noun phrase and num(ber) in Moroccan Arabic and Djibouti Somali
In this paper, we focus on plural nouns in two Afroasiatic languages: Moroccan Arabic and Djibouti Somali. Within a syntactic approach to word formation, we show that not all plurals are located in the same syntactic position. In Moroccan Arabic, one plural results from the merger of a root with the head n, whereas the other realizes a feature on the number head. In a similar way, Somali displays two suffixal plurals, which realize two distinct syntactic structures. One suffix is associated to numP and behaves as a regular plural suffix; in contrast, the other suffix is analyzed as a bound root that selects for xPs (nP or numP) containing the feminine gender.
Published online: 17 December 2014
Andrzejewski, Bomugil Witalis
Kenstowicz, Michael, and Nabila Louriz
2013. “The Decomposition of Somali Nouns.” Brill’s Annual of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics 5: 118–159.
2014. “Derivational affixes as roots, no exponence: Phasal spellout meets English stress shift.” In The Syntax of Roots and the Roots of Syntax ed. by Artemis Alexiadou, Hagit Borer, and Florian Schaäfer 230 258 Oxford Oxford University Press
McCarthy, John, and Alan Prince
Puglielli, Annarita, and Ciise Maxamed Siyaad