Categorization and features
Evidence from American English /ɹ/
Phonological features allow for formal expression of sound patterns used by speakers of a language. To understand where features come from, it is worth exploring where the patterns themselves come from. In this paper, we argue that the retroflex (tongue tip up) or bunched (tongue tip down) articulation of American English /ɹ/ is speaker- and context-dependent. We provide arguments against two overt sources for these patterns, phonological patterns and perception, as well as against their being purely the result of physiology. The conclusion we come to is that these patterns are spontaneously created by the speakers in order to provide order to their articulations of the sound /ɹ/. We conjecture that if patterns arise spontaneously, so too might features.
Cited by 3 other publications
Archangeli, Diana & Douglas Pulleyblank
. Phonology without universal grammar
. Frontiers in Psychology
Archangeli, Diana, Jonathan Yip, Lang Qin & Albert Lee
. Phonological and phonetic properties of nasal substitution in Sasak and Javanese
. Laboratory Phonology: Journal of the Association for Laboratory Phonology
pp. 21 ff.
Miller, Amanda L.
. Posterior lingual gestures and tongue shape in Mangetti Dune !Xung clicks
. Journal of Phonetics
pp. 119 ff.
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