Article published in:Morphology and its interfaces: Syntax, semantics and the lexicon
Edited by Dany Amiot, Delphine Tribout, Natalia Grabar, Cédric Patin and Fayssal Tayalati
[Lingvisticæ Investigationes 37:2] 2014
► pp. 225–239
Expletives in words
Linking elements as markers of wordhood
The presence of semantically empty morphs (linking elements) in compounds poses a challenge for morpheme-based morphology. The purpose of this paper is to solve the problem using Distributed Morphology, which is a highly articulated version of morpheme-based morphology. Specifically, exploiting the empirical similarities between linking elements and expletives, I argue that linking elements are expletives in word domains. Moreover, I demonstrate that the Single Engine Hypothesis of Distributed Morphology theoretically supports the view of linking elements as expletives. In my analysis, linking elements function as markers of wordhood, just as phrasal expletives are markers of phrasehood. I confirm this view by showing that linking elements/expletives occur in all types of compounds.
Keywords: compounds, empty morphs, the Single Engine Hypothesis, Distributed Morphology, morpheme-based morphology, marker of wordhood, expletives
Published online: 22 May 2015
(2013) The significance of semantically non-concatenative morphology. Paper presented at 9th Mediterranean Morphology Meeting , Dubrovnik, Croatia, 15–18 September 2013.
Arcodia, G. F., Grandi, N., & Wälchli, B.
Bisetto, A., & Scalise, S.
Dikken, M. den
Dressler, W., & Barbaresi, M.
Halle, M., & Marantz, A.
Itô, J., & Mester, A.
Labrune, L. (2014). Featural linking elements in Basque compounds. Morphology, 24(4), 377–405.
Nübling, D., & Szczepaniak, R.
The Oxford English Dictionary of the English language (OED)
2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Scalise, S., & Bisetto, A.
(2012) Three types of coordinate compounds: Comparison between Western and Asian languages. Paper presented at Universals and Typology in Word-Formation II , Šafárik University, Košice, Slovakia, 26–28 August 2012.
Shimada, M., Nagano, A., Okubo, T., & Asano, M.
(2014) Functions and typology of the compounding stem: Meaning-independent elements in compounds. Paper presented at the 16th International Morphology Meeting , Budapest, Hungary, 13–16 May 2014.