This case study illustrates the long-term effects of interrupted input and subsequent re-exposure to the first language in childhood in the adult linguistic competence of an internationally adopted individual. Alicia — the subject of the case study — is a 34-year-old Guatemalan adopted by an American family at age 9 and raised in a small Mid-America town with no Hispanic population at that time. In several sessions, Alicia completed oral production and written tasks (including interpretation, judgment and truth value judgment tasks) targeting knowledge and use of Spanish morphosyntax. On the overall proficiency measures, Alicia demonstrates native-like knowledge of English and significant attrition in Spanish, although not to the extent reported in recent studies of Korean adoptees. Alicia’s degree of L1 attrition and retention after several years of severed input challenges Pallier et al. (2003) and Ventureyra et al.’s (2004) Language Replacement and Impediment Hypothesis, and is more consistent with the view that there are age effects for L1 attrition (Hyltenstam et al. 2009; Montrul 2008).
2019. In Search of Memory Traces of a Forgotten Language. In The Handbook of the Neuroscience of Multilingualism, ► pp. 147 ff.
Isurin, Ludmila & Christy Seidel
2015. Traces of Memory for a Lost Childhood Language: The Savings Paradigm Expanded. Language Learning 65:4 ► pp. 761 ff.
2013. Ultimate Attainment in Spanish L2 Acquisition. In The Handbook of Spanish Second Language Acquisition, ► pp. 351 ff.
MONTRUL, SILVINA, JUSTIN DAVIDSON, ISRAEL DE LA FUENTE & REBECCA FOOTE
2014. Early language experience facilitates the processing of gender agreement in Spanish heritage speakers. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 17:1 ► pp. 118 ff.
Montrul, Silvina, Israel de la Fuente, Justin Davidson & Rebecca Foote
2013. The role of experience in the acquisition and production of diminutives and gender in Spanish: Evidence from L2 learners and heritage speakers. Second Language Research 29:1 ► pp. 87 ff.
Rygvold, Anne-Lise & Steinar Theie
2016. Internationally Adopted Children's Reading Comprehension in Second Grade. Adoption Quarterly 19:3 ► pp. 166 ff.
2017. Narrativ struktur i fortellinger skrevet av internasjonalt adopterte barn på 5. trinn. Nordand 12:2 ► pp. 114 ff.
Scontras, Gregory, Zuzanna Fuchs & Maria Polinsky
2015. Heritage language and linguistic theory. Frontiers in Psychology 6
2020. Syntactic and Discourse Features in Chinese Heritage Grammars: A Case of Acquiring Features in the Chinese Sentence-Final Particle ba. Languages 5:2 ► pp. 26 ff.
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