How nouns turn into adjectives
The emergence of new adjectives in French, English and Dutch through debonding processes
This study focuses on French, English and Dutch adjectives that arise through debonding from N+N (and N+A) compounds or compound-like sequences (e.g. the adjectival uses of English ‘key’ and French clé “key”). Debonding is a type of degrammaticalization defined by Norde as “a composite change whereby a bound morpheme in a specific linguistic context becomes a free morpheme” (Norde, 2009: 186). We investigate for each of the three languages how the debonding process is impacted by three different factors: (1) the semantics of the noun subject to debonding, (2) the degree of prosodic and morphological cohesion of the sequence, (3) the presence of adjective inflection in the language. It is furthermore argued that in the case of Dutch, an additional process should be taken into account, that is the possibility of clipping of N+A compounds (e.g. stapel “lit. pile; madly in love” < stapelverliefd “lit. pile-in love; madly in love”).
Keywords: adjective, compound, Dutch/English/French, debonding
Published online: 30 September 2014
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Cited by other publications
Battefeld, Malte, Torsten Leuschner & Gudrun Rawoens
Booij, Geert & Jenny Audring
De Smet, Hendrik
Egan, Thomas & Hildegunn Dirdal
Norde, Muriel & Caroline Morris
Norde, Muriel & Kristel Van Goethem
Norde, Muriel & Kristel Van Goethem
Van Goethem, Kristel & Matthias Hüning
Van Goethem, Kristel & Nikos Koutsoukos
Van Goethem, Kristel & Muriel Norde
Van Goethem, Kristel, Muriel Norde, Evie Coussé & Gudrun Vanderbauwhede
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 05 january 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.