Article published in:
Languages in Contrast
Vol. 21:2 (2021) ► pp. 163185
References

References

Adolphs, S. and Carter, R.
2013Spoken Corpus Linguistics: From Monomodal to Multimodal. New York: Routledge. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Aijmer, K.
1984“Sort of” and “Kind of” in English Conversation. Studia Linguistica 38: 118–128. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2002English Discourse Particles. Evidence from a Corpus. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Aijmer, K. and Rühlemann, C.
2015Corpus Pragmatics: A Handbook. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Aijmer, K. and Simon-Vandenbergen, A.-M.
2006Introduction. In Pragmatic Markers in Contrast, K. Aijmer and A.-M. Simon-Vandenbergen (eds), 1–10. Oxford: Elsevier. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Andersen, G.
2010A Contrastive Approach to Vague Nouns. In New Approaches to Hedigng, G. Kaltenböck, W. Mihatsch and S. Schneider (eds), 35–48. Bingley: Emerald Bingley. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Andvik, E. E.
1992A Pragmatic Analysis of Norwegian Modal Particles. Arlington: The Summer Institute of Linguistics, University of Texas.Google Scholar
1994Recourse to Consensus in Norwegian Modal Particles. PhD Thesis, University of Texas.Google Scholar
Beeching, K.
2016Pragmatic Markers in British English: Meaning in Social Interaction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Berthelin, S. R. and Borthen, K.
2019The Semantics and Pragmatics of Norwegian Sentence-Internal jo . Nordic Journal of Linguistics 42(1): 3–30. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Biber, D., Johansson, S., Leech, G., Conrad, S. and Finegan, E.
1999Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. Harlow: Longman.Google Scholar
Blakemore, D.
1989Denial and Contrast: A Relevance Theoretic Analysis of but . Linguistics and Philosophy 12: 15–37. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Borthen, K.
2018Store spørsmål om små ord. Innledning til temanummer om pragmatiske partikler i norsk [Big Questions, Small Words. Introduction to a Special Issue on Pragmatic Particles in Norwegian]. Norsk Lingvistisk Tidsskrift 36: 225–247.Google Scholar
Brown, P. and Levinson, S. C.
1987Politeness: Some Universals in Language usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Buysse, L.
2017The Pragmatic Marker you know in Learner Englishes. Journal of Pragmatics 121: 40–57. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2018 “It Was a Bit Stressy as Well Actually”. The Pragmatic Markers actually and in fact in Spoken Learner English. Journal of Pragmatics 156: 28–40. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Channell, J.
1994Vague Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Clemen, G.
1997The Concept of Hedging: Origins, Approaches and Definitions. In Hedging and Discourse Approaches to the Analysis of a Pragmatic Phenomenon in Academic Texts, R. Markkanen and H. Schröder (eds), 235–248. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Coates, J.
1987Epistemic Modality and Spoken Discourse. Transactions of the Philological Society 85: 110–131. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Estling Vannestål, M.
2015A University Grammar of English: With a Swedish Perspective. Lund: Studentlitteratur.Google Scholar
Faarlund, J. T., Lie, S. and Vannebo, K. I.
1997Norsk Referansegrammatikk. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.Google Scholar
Farr, F. and O’Keeffe, A.
2002 Would as a Hedging Device in an Irish Context: An Intra-Varietal Comparison of Institutionalised Spoken Interaction. In Using Corpora to Explore Linguistic Variation, R. Reppen, S. M. Fitzmaurice and D. Biber (eds), 25–48. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fraser, B.
1980Conversational Mitigation. Journal of Pragmatics 4: 341–350. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1996Pragmatic Markers. Pragmatics Quarterly Publication of the International Pragmatics Association (IPrA) 6: 167–190. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2010Pragmatic Competence: The Case of Hedging. In New Approaches to Hedging, G. Kaltenböck, W. Mihatsch and S. Schneider (eds), 15–34. Bingley: Emerald Bingley. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fretheim, T.
1979Demperen “nesten” En pragmatisk studie. Maal og Minne 3–4: 182–219.Google Scholar
1981“Ego”-dempere og “alter”-dempere. Maal og Minne: 86–100.Google Scholar
Hasselgård, H.
2020Corpus-Based Contrastive Studies: Beginnings, Developments and Directions. Languages in Contrast 20(2): 184–208. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hardjanto, T.
2016Hedging through the Use of Modal Auxiliaries in English Academic Discourse. Humaniora 28: 37–50. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hasund, I. K.
2003The Discourse Markers like in English and liksom in Norwegian Teenage Language: A Corpus-Based, Cross-Linguistic Study. PhD Thesis, University of Bergen/Agder University College.Google Scholar
Hasund, I. K., Opsahl, T. and Svennevig, J.
2012By three Means: The Pragmatic Functions of three Norwegian Quotatives. In Quotatives: Cross-Linguistic and Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives, I. Buchstaller and I. van Alphen (eds), 37–67. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hübler, A.
1983Understatements and Hedges in English. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hunston, S.
2002Corpora in Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hyland, K.
1996Writing without Conviction? Hedging in Science Research Articles. Applied Linguistics 17: 433–454. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1998Hedging in Scientific Research Articles. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Johannessen, J. B., Priestley, J., Hagen, K., Åfarli, T. A. and Vangsnes, Ø. A.
2009The Nordic Dialect Corpus – An Advanced Research Tool. Proceedings of the 17th Nordic Conference of Computational Linguistics (NODALIDA 2009). Odense, Denmark 14–16 May 2009 283–286.Google Scholar
Johansen, S. H.
2019Exploring the Use of Probes in a Corpus Pragmatic Study of Hedging Strategies. Nordic Journal of English Studies 18(1): 121–148. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jucker, A. H., and Ziv, Y.
1998Discourse Markers: Descriptions and Theory. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kaltenböck, G., Mihatsch, W. and Schneider, S.
2010New Approaches to Hedging. Bingley: Emerald Bingley. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kimps, D., Davidse, K. and Cornillie, B.
2014A Speech Function Analysis of Tag Questions in British English Spontaneous Dialogue. Journal of Pragmatics 66: 64–85. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kozubíková Šandová, J.
2017“…And Our Study Might Therefore Have Been Slightly Underpowered”: A Cross-Linguistic Analysis of Hedging in English and Czech Medical Research Articles. Acta Universitatis Carolinae Philologica: 115–130. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kranich, S.
2011To Hedge or not to Hedge: The Use of Epistemic Modal Expressions in Popular Science in English Texts, English–German Translations, and German Original Texts. Text & Talk: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Language, Discourse & Communication Studies 31(1): 77–99. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lakoff, G.
1972Hedges: A Study in Meaning Criteria and the Logic of Fuzzy Concepts. In Papers from the Eighth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society, P. M. Peranteau, J. N. Levi and G. C. Phares (eds), 183–228. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society.Google Scholar
Lind, M.
1994Pragmatiske partikler i diskursanalytisk perspektiv: jo, altså, vel, nå og da i et norsk talemålsmateriale. Master’s Dissertation, University of Oslo.Google Scholar
Love, R., Dembry, C., Hardie, A., Brezina, V. and McEnery, T.
2017The Spoken BNC2014. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 22: 319–344. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lukka, M. R. and Markkanen, R.
1997Impersonalization as a Form of Hedging. In Hedging and Discourse: Approaches to the Analysis of a Pragmatic Phenomenon in Academic Texts, R. Markkanen and H. Schröder (eds), 168–187. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Magliacane, A. and Howard, M.
2019The Role of Learner Status in the Acquisition of Pragmatic Markers during Study Abroad: The Use of Like in L2 English. Journal of Pragmatics 146: 72–86. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Markkanen, R. and Schröder, H.
1997Hedging and Discourse: Approaches to the Analysis of a Pragmatic Phenomenon in Academic Texts. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mauranen, A.
2004“They’re a Little Bit Different”. Observations on Hedges in Academic Talk. In Discourse Patterns in Spoken and Written Corpora, K. Aijmer and A.-B. Stenström (eds), 173–198. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Norsk talespråkskorpus – Oslodelen. Tekstlaboratoriet, ILN, Universitetet i Oslo
O’Keeffe, A.
2018Corpus-Based Function-to-Form Approaches. In Methods in Pragmatics, A. H. Jucker, K. P. Schneider and W. Bublitz (eds), 587–618. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
O’Keeffe, A., Clancy, B. and Adolphs, S.
2020Introducing Pragmatics in Use (2nd Edition). Abingdon: Routledge. (unpagenated manuscript).Google Scholar
Opsahl, T.
2002 “Jeg bare: Hæ?! Hva skjedde her da?”: En studie av de kommunikative funksjonene til diskurspartikkelen ‘bare’ i et ungdomsspråkmateriale. Master’s Dissertation, University of Oslo.Google Scholar
Östman, J.-O.
1982Pragmatic Particles in an Applied Perspective. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen (Special Issue): 135–153.Google Scholar
Overstreet, M.
1999Whales, Candlelight, and Stuff Like That: General Extenders in English Discourse. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Prince, E., Frader, J. and Bosk, C.
1982On Hedging in Physician–Physician Discourse. In Linguistics and the Professions, R. J. di Pietro (ed.), 83–97. Norwood-New Jersey: Ablex.Google Scholar
Rygg, K.
2017 “Typically Norwegian to be Impolite.” Impoliteness according to Whom? FLEKS Scandinavian Journal of Intercultural Theory and Practice 2017 4(1): 1–15. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Salager-Meyer, F.
1994Hedges and Textual Communicative Function in Medical English Written Discourse. English for Specific Purposes 13: 149–70. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schiffrin, D.
1987Discourse Markers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Solberg, T. K.
1990Modalpartikler i norsk. Master’s Dissertation, University of Oslo.Google Scholar
Svennevig, J.
2007“Ikke sant” as a Response Token in Norwegian Conversation. In Interpreting Utterances. Pragmatics and its Interfaces. Essays in Honour of Thorstein Fretheim, R.-A. Nilsen, N. A. A. Amfo and K. Borthen (eds), 175–189. Oslo: Novus Press.Google Scholar
2008“Ikke sant” som respons i samtale. In Språk i Oslo Ny forskning omkring talespråk, J. B. Johannessen and K. Hagen (eds), 127–138. Oslo: Novus forlag.Google Scholar
2010Pre-empting Reference Problems in Conversation. Language in Society 39: 173–202. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tchizmarova, I. K.
2005Hedging Functions of the Bulgarian Discourse Marker xajde . Journal of Pragmatics 37: 1143–1163. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Vassileva, I.
2001Commitment and Detachment in English and Bulgarian Academic Writing. English for Specific Purposes 20: 83–102. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Vold, E. T.
2006Epistemic Modality Markers in Research Articles: A Cross-Linguistic and Cross-Disciplinary Study. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 16: 61–87. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Yang, Y.
2013Exploring Linguistic and Cultural Variations in the Use of Hedges in English and Chinese Scientific Discourse. Journal of Pragmatics 50(1): 23–36. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Zadeh, L. A.
1965Fuzzy Sets. Information and Control 8: 338–353. CrossrefGoogle Scholar