Article published in:Contrast in Context
Edited by Karin Aijmer, Hilde Hasselgård and Stig Johansson
[Languages in Contrast 5:1] 2005
► pp. 93–120
The generic person in English and Swedish
A contrastive study of one and man
To find out how the ‘generic person’ is expressed in English and Swedish, the use and correspondence of the generic pronouns one in English and man in Swedish are examined in a bidirectional English-Swedish translation corpus. The material demonstrates clearly the greater frequency and versatility of Swedish man and the restricted use of English one. The difference is partly register-related: while man is stylistically neutral one is relatively formal and often replaced by you or various other pronouns. However, the most striking difference is syntactic. The English correspondences of man cut across grammatical systems and can be seen to reflect two diverging tendencies: the English fiction texts often have a subject corresponding to Swedish man, but the non-fiction texts rely to a large extent on syntactic shifts and clause reductions without a corresponding subject. In other words, the difference between the languages is not just a matter of pronoun choice but of syntactic preferences and subject selection.
Keywords: generic pronoun, corpus linguistics, English/Swedish
Published online: 30 September 2005
Cited by 4 other publications
Egan, Thomas & Hildegunn Dirdal
Johansson, Annika & Gudrun Rawoens
Varjo, Mikael & Karita Suomalainen
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