Article published in:Lexique, Syntaxe et Lexique-Grammaire / Syntax, Lexis & Lexicon-Grammar: Papers in honour of Maurice Gross
Edited by Christian Leclère, Éric Laporte, Mireille Piot and Max Silberztein
[Lingvisticæ Investigationes Supplementa 24] 2004
► pp. 31–40
Instrument Nouns and Fusion
Predicative nouns designating violent actions
Many predicative nouns selecting the support verb dar (to give) in Portuguese allow Conversion, a passive-like transformation, with the support verb levar (to take, to get). Among these, a significant number are related with concrete instrument nouns and expresses violent action predicates. These sentences present a paraphrase with the verbs bater (to hit) or ferir (to hurt) with an instrument complement. Most of these predicative nouns are formed with a common suffix (-ada). Several restrictions can be observed in the choice of the instrument complements that can be inserted in the nominal sentences. High redundancy blocks the insertion of an instrumental complement if the instrument is the same noun as the one to which the predicative nouns is morphologically related. We analyse these nominal sentences by Fusion, a transformational relation proposed by M. Gross (1981), which merges the verbs bater or ferir with the instrument noun to form both the predicative noun and (more rarely) its associated verb.
Published online: 29 July 2004