The following set of experiments tests whether linguistic experience plays a significant role in the perception of foreign vowels. Models of second language acquisition purport that a second language is perceived in direct relation to the native language and that specific predictions can be drawn regarding which contrasts will be most problematic for nonnative speakers. With this in mind, native Japanese and Korean speakers were tested on their discrimination and assimilation of English vowels. In Experiment 1, participants performed an assimilation task where they identified English vowels in terms of their native vowel categories. Further, listeners rated their vowel selections for category goodness. These data were then implemented in developing hypotheses as to possible discrimination outcomes for Experiment 2. Discrimination results confirmed predictions generated by the assimilation experiment but this held true only for inexperienced nonnative speakers of English.
2023. Spoken word recognition in a second language: The importance of phonetic details. Second Language Research 39:2 ► pp. 333 ff.
Georgiou, Georgios P.
2018. Discrimination of L2 Greek vowel contrasts: Evidence from learners with Arabic L1 background. Speech Communication 102 ► pp. 68 ff.
Leung, Alex Ho-Cheong
2012. Bad influence? – an investigation into the purported negative influence of foreign domestic helpers on children's second language English acquisition. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 33:2 ► pp. 133 ff.
Morrison, Geoffrey Stewart
2009. L1-Spanish Speakers’ Acquisition of the English /i/—/ / Contrast II: Perception of Vowel Inherent Spectral Change1. Language and Speech 52:4 ► pp. 437 ff.
Nozawa, Takeshi & Ratree Wayland
2021. Effects of the Postvocalic Nasal on the Perception of American English Vowels by Native Speakers of American English and Japanese. In Second Language Speech Learning, ► pp. 228 ff.
Oh, Grace E., Susan Guion-Anderson, Katsura Aoyama, James E. Flege, Reiko Akahane-Yamada & Tsuneo Yamada
2011. A one-year longitudinal study of English and Japanese vowel production by Japanese adults and children in an English-speaking setting. Journal of Phonetics 39:2 ► pp. 156 ff.
Yang, Jing & Robert A Fox
2014. Perception of English Vowels by Bilingual Chinese–English and Corresponding Monolingual Listeners. Language and Speech 57:2 ► pp. 215 ff.
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