Edited by Laura Gurzynski-Weiss
[Language Learning & Language Teaching 53] 2020
► pp. 248–266
Chapter 10. Synthesizing cross-theoretical explorations of interlocutors and their individual differences
The theoretical and empirical contributions of this current volume are united in their efforts to examine interlocutors and their individual differences. In this final chapter, I demonstrate how the four approaches – the cognitive-interactionist approach (Philp & Gurzynski-Weiss; Pawlak); sociocultural theory (Lantolf; Back); the variationist approach (Geeslin; Long & Geeslin); and complex dynamic systems theory (Larsen-Freeman; Serafini) – while, on the surface may appear to be markedly different, are all moving in harmony towards a more comprehensive understanding of the nature of interlocutors and their individual differences. I will also discuss how this shared advancement provides a more accurate picture of the complex influences that affect second language development. Finally, I will highlight the trends and areas for future research common across all approaches, providing concrete suggestions for those interested in conducting research on this topic.