Edited by Mimi Li and Meixiu Zhang
[Language Learning & Language Teaching 59] 2023
► pp. 130–154
Despite growing interest in computer-mediated collaborative writing (CMCW), very few studies have considered the effects of using a range of digital tools on learners’ behaviour. Our longitudinal study (15 weeks), conducted with Arabic as a second language learners in Saudi Arabia, investigated how learners engage in CMCW tasks using Google Docs and WhatsApp. The 31 participants formed eight dyads and five triads to complete four tasks. We analysed discussions and comments derived from Google docs and WhatsApp chats for patterns of interaction and use of online tools. Of five patterns of interaction identified, cooperative and collaborative predominated. Learners used the two tools simultaneously to foster collaboration. The findings provide new insights into CMCW tasks in an underexplored L2 learning context.