Article published in:
Language Problems and Language Planning
Vol. 41:1 (2017) ► pp. 6686

Full-text

Ethnolinguistic dilemma and static maintenance syndrome
References

References

Alexander, N.
(2002) Linguistic rights, language planning and democracy in postapartheid South Africa. In S. Baker (Ed.), Language Policy: Lessons from Global Models. Monterey CA: Monterey Institute of International Studies.
(2007) Linguistic diversity in Africa in a global perspective. In N. Alexander & B. Busch (Eds.), Literacy and linguistic diversity in a global perspective: An intercultural exchange with African countries (pp. 13–22): European Centre for Modern Languages Council of Europe Publishing.
Ayres, A.
(2003) The Politics of Language Policy in Pakistan. In M. E. Brown & Š. Ganguly (Eds.), Fighting Words: Language Policy and Ethnic Relations in Asia (pp. 51–80). Cambridge: Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.
(2009) Speaking like a state: Language and nationalism in Pakistan. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Baker, C.
(1992) Attitudes and language. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Bari, F., & Sultana, N.
(2011) Inequality in Education (pp. 15–17). Islamabad Pakistan: ASER.
Bourdieu, P.
(1991) Language and symbolic power. Cambridge: Polity.
Coleman, H.
(2010) Teaching and learning in Pakistan: The role of language in education. Islamabad Pakistan: The British Council.
Coleman, H., & Capstick, T.
(2012) Language in education in Pakistan: Recommendations for policy and practice. Islamabad Pakistan: British Council
Crystal, D.
(2000) Language death. Cambridge; New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Durrani, M.
(2012) Banishing colonial specters: Language ideology and education policy in Pakistan. Working Papers in Educational Linguistics 27(1), 29–49.
Ethnologue
(2014) Languages of the World Retrieved July 20, 2014, from https://​www​.ethnologue​.com​/statistics​/country
Foucault, M.
(1991) The Foucault effect: Studies in governmentality with two lectures by and an interview with Michael Foucault. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
GOP
(2001) Census. Islamabad Pakistan: Retrieved from http://​www​.pbs​.gov​.pk/.
Grenoble, L. A., & Whaley, L. J.
(2006) Saving languages: an introduction to language revitalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Harrison, K. D.
(2007) When languages die: the extinction of the world’s languages and the erosion of human knowledge. New York; Oxford: Oxford University Press. Crossref link
Hornberger, N. H.
(2003) Continua of biliteracy: An ecological framework for educational policy, research, and practice in multilingual settings. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Jalal, A.
(1995) Democracy and authoritarianism in South Asia: A comparative and historical perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Jinnah, M. A.
(2000) Jinnah: Speeches and statements 1947–1948. Karachi Pakistan: Oxford University Press.
Khurshid, N. K.
(2009) Language education in Pakistan: A postcolonial analysis Masters of Education, Critical Studies, The University of New Brunswick New Brunswick.
Kontra, M., Phillipson, R., Skutnabb-Kangas, T., & Várady, T.
(2000) Introduction: Conceptualising and Implementing Linguistic Human Rights. In M. Kontra, R. Phillipson, T. Skutnabb-Kangas & T. Várady (Eds.), Language, a Right and a Resource: Approaching Linguistic Human Rights (pp. 1–24). Budapest Central European University Press.
Kraus, M. E.
(2007) Keynote – Mass Language Extinction and Documentation: The Race against Time. In O. Miyaoka, O. Sakiyama & M. E. Krauss (Eds.), The vanishing languages of the Pacific rim (pp. 3–24). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lasagabaster, D., & Huguet, Á.
(2007) Introduction: A Transnational Study in European Bilingual Contexts. Clevedon: Multilingual matters
Lin, A. M. Y., & Martin, P. W.
(2005) From a Critical Deconstruction Paradigm to a Critical Construction Paradigm: An Introduction to Decolonisation, Globalisation and Language-in-Education Policy and Practice. In A. M. Y. Lin & P. W. Martin (Eds.), Decolonisation, Globalisation Language-in-Education Policy and Practice (pp. 1–19). London: Multilingual Matters.
Maffi, L.
(2001) On biocultural diversity: linking language, knowledge, and the environment. Washington, [D.C.]; London: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Mahboob, A.
(2002) No English, no future: Language policy in Pakistan. In S. O. B. Hartford (Ed.), Political independence with linguistic servitude: The politics about languages in the developing world (pp. 1042). New York: NOVA Science
Manan, S. A., & David, M. K.
(2013) Mapping ecology of literacies in educational setting: The case of local mother tongues vis-à-vis Urdu and English languages in Pakistan. Language and Education, 28(3), 203–222. Crossref link
(2014) Language management: A snapshot of governmentality within the private schools in Quetta, Pakistan. Language Policy, 15, 3–26. Crossref link
Mansoor, S.
(1993) Punjabi, Urdu, English in Pakistan: A sociolinguistic study. Lahore: Vanguard.
(2004a) The Medium of Instruction Dilemma: Implications for Language Planning in Higher Education. In S. Mansoor, S. Meraj & A. Tahir (Eds.), Language Policy, Planning, & Practice: A South Asian Perspective. Karachi: Agha Khan University.
(2004b) The Status and Role of Regional Languages in Higher Education in Pakistan. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 25(4), 333–353. Crossref link
May, S.
(2003) Rearticulating the Case for Minority Language Rights. Current Issues in Language Planning, 4(2), 95–125. Crossref link
(2005) Language rights: Moving the debate forward. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 9(3), 319–347. Crossref link
(2006) Language policy and minority rights. In T. Ricento (Ed.), An introduction to language policy: Theory and method (pp. 255–272). Malden, Mass.; Oxford: Blackwell.
McCarty, T. L.
(2009) Empowering Indigenous Languages: What can be Learned from Native American Experiences?. In R. P. T. Skutnabb-Kangas, A. K. Mohanty & M. Panda (Ed.), Linguistic Diversity and Language rights:Social Justice Through Multilingual Education (pp. 125–139). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
Mustafa, Z.
(2011) Tyranny of language in education, the problems and its solutions Karachi: Ushba Publishing International.
Nettle, D., & Romaine, S.
(2000) Vanishing voices: The extinction of the world’s languages. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pennycook, A.
(1998) English and the discourses of colonialism. London: Routledge.
(2001) Critical applied linguistics: A critical introduction. Mahwah, N.J.; London: L. Erlbaum.
Rahman, T.
(1996) Language and politics in Pakistan. Karachi; Oxford: Oxford University Press.
(1997) The medium of instruction controversy in Pakistan. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 18(2), 145–154. Crossref link
(1999a) Language, Education, and Culture. Karachi Pakistan: Oxford University Press.
(1999b) Language, Politics and Power in Pakistan: The Case of Sindh and Sindhi Ethnic Studies Report, 17.
(2001) English-Teaching Institutions in Pakistan. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 22(3), 242–261. Crossref link
(2002) Language, ideology and power: Language learning among the Muslims of Pakistan and North India. Karachi; Oxford: Oxford University Press.
(2005) Language Policy, Multilingualism and Language Vitality in Pakistan. In A. Saxena & L. Borin (Eds.), Lesser-Known Languages of South Asia – Status and Policies, Case Studies and Applications of Information Technology (pp. 73–106). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Rassool, N., & Mansoor, S.
(2007) Contemporary issues in language, education and development in Pakistan. In N. Rassool (Ed.), Global issues in language, education and development: perspectives from postcolonial countries (pp. 218–244). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Ruiz, R.
(1984) Orientations in language planning. NABE Journal, 8(2), 15–34. Crossref link
Shackle, C.
(2007) Language and national identity in Pakistan. In A. Simpson (Ed.), Language and National Identity in Asia (pp. 100–115). Oxford: Oxford University Press
Shamim, F.
(2008) Trends, issues and challenges in English language education in Pakistan. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 28(3), 235–249. Crossref link
Siddiqui, S.
(2010) Rethinking education in Pakistan: perceptions, practices, and possibilities. Karachi: Paramount Publishing Enterprise.
Skutnabb-Kangas, T.
(2000) Linguistic genocide in education or worldwide diversity and human rights? Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates.
Skutnabb-Kangas, T., & Phillipson, R.
(2000) Rights to language: equity, power, and education: celebrating the 60th birthday of Tove Skutnabb-Kangas. Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates.
Tollefson, J. W.
(2006) Critical Theory in Language Policy. In T. Ricento (Ed.), An introduction to language policy: Theory and method (pp. 42–59). Malden, Mass.; Oxford: Blackwell.
Tollefson, J. W., & Tsui, A.
(2004) Medium of instruction policies: which agenda? whose agenda? Mahwah, N.J.; London: L. Erlbaum.
Torwali, Z.
(2014, April 7). The beauty of diversity, The News International. Retrieved from http://​www​.thenews​.com​.pk​/Todays​-News​-9​-242741​-The​-beauty​-of​-diversity.
UNESCO
(2003) Language Vitality and Endangerment Paris France: UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Section’s Ad Hoc Expert Group on Endangered Languages.
UNESCO
(2013) Language vitality and endangerment Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://​www​.unesco​.org​/culture/.
Zaidi, A.
(2010) A postcolonial sociolinguistics of Punjabi in Pakistan. Journal of Postcolonial Cultures and Societies, 1(3&4), 22–55.
Cited by

Cited by other publications

Manan, Syed Abdul
2020. Teachers as agents of transformative pedagogy: Critical reflexivity, activism and multilingual spaces through a continua of biliteracy lens. Multilingua 0:0 Crossref logo
Manan, Syed Abdul, Maya Khemlani David & Liaquat Ali Channa
2019. Opening ideological and implementational spaces for multilingual/plurilingual policies and practices in education: a snapshot of scholarly activism in Pakistan. Current Issues in Language Planning 20:5  pp. 521 ff. Crossref logo
MANAN, SYED ABDUL, MAYA KHEMLANI DAVID, FRANCISCO PERLAS DUMANIG & LIAQUAT ALI CHANNA
2017. The glocalization of English in the Pakistan linguistic landscape. World Englishes 36:4  pp. 645 ff. Crossref logo
Manan, Syed Abdul & Khadija Tul-Kubra
2020. Beyond ‘two-solitudes’ assumption and monolingual idealism: generating spaces for multilingual turn in Pakistan. International Journal of Multilingualism  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 29 june 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.