The Evaluation of Language Regimes

Theory and application to multilingual patent organisations

ORCID logoMichele Gazzola | Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
ISBN 9789027200570 | EUR 99.00 | USD 149.00
ISBN 9789027270450 | EUR 99.00 | USD 149.00
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Building on existing analytical frameworks, this book provides a new methodology allowing different language policies in international multilingual organisations (or “language regimes”) to be compared and evaluated on the basis of criteria such as efficiency and fairness. It explains step-by-step how to organise the evaluation of language regimes and how to design and interpret indicators for such evaluation. The second part of this book applies the theoretical framework to the evaluation of the language policy of the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) division of the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) and the European Patent Office (EPO). Results show that an increase in linguistic diversity of the language regimes of patent organisations can both improve the efficiency of the patent system and lead to a more balanced distribution of costs among countries. This book is a resource for scholars in language policy and planning and for policy-makers in the international and European patent system.
[Multilingualism and Diversity Management, 3] 2014.  xxi, 380 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
“Despite the inherent difficulty of tackling topics pertaining to multiple disciplines, Michele Gazzola manages to bring together the theory, methodology and application of language regime evaluation, and he does so with remarkable consistency using the tools of economic analysis. The result is an easy-to-follow, yet analytically rigorous, interdisciplinary text: a must-have for scholars in language policy and planning, as well as researchers in intellectual property.”
“This study is an important contribution to the intricacies of multilingualism. An onset is given to the theory of language policy evaluation and this is badly needed in Europe and elsewhere. It makes this book a must for every scholar who takes multilingualism seriously.”
“The economics of language and language usage is a relatively new but fast expanding field of research. In this book Michele Gazzola sets a new standard for the analysis of language policies in international organizations. It combines a clear and concise discussion of the welfare economics basis for the evaluation of the efficiency and fairness of such policies with a detailed application to the praxis in international patent organizations. The evaluation of language policy and language planning is a discipline where traditionally ad hoc evaluation criteria tend to dominate. The combination of a stringent theoretical basis with down-to-earth applications makes Michele Gazzola’s book new and unique in the area of language policy.”
“This study, is not the final word in language policy evaluation, but it is very well done, and moves the LPP field forward by more closely integrating to it the growing sub-field of language economics, and a more disciplined approach to public policy analysis and evaluations. Gazzola is clear about what he leaves out of this study, and he is explicitly clear about where his operational definitions/conceptualizations are placed within contested areas of LPP research and evaluation. These aspects of this work strengthen the value of the study rather than constrain its utility to the field, and makes the book deserving of a close read by those involved in language policy making, language strategists, scholars, and those aspiring to be such.”
“This volume is extremely well organized; its meticulous use of headings, tables, and figures will likely aid readers’ comprehension of the rich details and complex ideas it conveys. [...] Given its interdisciplinary nature, the text will be of interest for LPP scholars exploring new approaches to LPP research and theory, as well as evaluation experts and economists interested in the complex role language plays in various settings. Additionally, those whose work involves intellectual property rights may better recognize the impact of specific (language related) organizational decisions within the industry.”
Cited by

Cited by 30 other publications

Ayres-Bennett, Wendy
2021. Modelling Language Standardization. In The Cambridge Handbook of Language Standardization,  pp. 27 ff. DOI logo
Ayres-Bennett, Wendy
2023. Modelant l’estandardització. In Desired Language [IVITRA Research in Linguistics and Literature, 35],  pp. 189 ff. DOI logo
Wendy Ayres-Bennett & John Bellamy
2021. The Cambridge Handbook of Language Standardization, DOI logo
Berthoud, Anne-Claude, François Grin & Georges Lüdi
2015. THE DYLAN Project: “Language Dynamics and Management of Diversity”. European Journal of Applied Linguistics 3:1  pp. 145 ff. DOI logo
Bjørhusdal, Eli
2016. 7 Strategiar for språkleg velferd. In Offentleg sektor i endring,  pp. 97 ff. DOI logo
Carbonara, Valentina & Andrea Scibetta
2022. Integrating translanguaging pedagogy into Italian primary schools: implications for language practices and children's empowerment. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism 25:3  pp. 1049 ff. DOI logo
Chibaka, Evelyn Fogwe
2018. Advantages of Bilingualism and Multilingualism: Multidimensional Research Findings. In Multilingualism and Bilingualism, DOI logo
Codó, Eva & Elvira Riera-Gil
2022. The value(s) of English as global linguistic capital: a dialogue between linguistic justice and sociolinguistic approaches. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 2022:277  pp. 95 ff. DOI logo
Colistra, Stefano & Rocco Walter Ronza
2023. Elites, centers and “forces collectives”. Language Problems and Language Planning 47:3  pp. 279 ff. DOI logo
Costa-Carreras, Joan
2020. Are terminology planning evaluation and language policy and planning evaluation applicable to the evaluation of standardisation?. Current Issues in Language Planning 21:1  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Costa-Carreras, Joan
2022. Chapter 6. Research on language codification. In Catalan Sociolinguistics [IVITRA Research in Linguistics and Literature, 32],  pp. 67 ff. DOI logo
Annick De Houwer & Lourdes Ortega
2018. The Cambridge Handbook of Bilingualism, DOI logo
du Plessis, Theodorus
2017. Language Policy Evaluation and Review at the University of the Free State. Language Matters 48:3  pp. 4 ff. DOI logo
Fairbrother, Lisa & Goro Christoph Kimura
2020. Chapter 1. Introduction. In A Language Management Approach to Language Problems [Studies in World Language Problems, 7],  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Gazzola, Michele
2023. Language Policy as Public Policy. In Epistemological and Theoretical Foundations in Language Policy and Planning,  pp. 41 ff. DOI logo
Gazzola, Michele, Federico Gobbo, David Cassels Johnson & Jorge Antonio Leoni de León
2023. Conclusions. In Epistemological and Theoretical Foundations in Language Policy and Planning,  pp. 129 ff. DOI logo
Gazzola, Michele, Federico Gobbo, David Cassels Johnson & Jorge Antonio Leoni de León
2023. Epistemological and Theoretical Foundations in Language Policy and Planning: Introduction. In Epistemological and Theoretical Foundations in Language Policy and Planning,  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Gazzola, Michele, François Grin & François Vaillancourt
2020. Evaluating Language Policy and Planning. In Bridging Linguistics and Economics,  pp. 109 ff. DOI logo
Gazzola, Michele, Torsten Templin & Lisa J. McEntee-Atalianis
2020. Measuring Diversity in Multilingual Communication. Social Indicators Research 147:2  pp. 545 ff. DOI logo
Grin, François
2016. The Economics of Language Education. In Language Policy and Political Issues in Education,  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Grin, François
2022. Chapter 2. Principles of integrated language policy. In Advances in Interdisciplinary Language Policy [Studies in World Language Problems, 9],  pp. 24 ff. DOI logo
Kimura, Goro Christoph
2020. Chapter 12. The bridging role of the researcher between different levels of language management. In A Language Management Approach to Language Problems [Studies in World Language Problems, 7],  pp. 237 ff. DOI logo
Lewis, Huw & Elin Royles
2022. Examining the Political Origins of Language Policies. In Language, Policy and Territory,  pp. 19 ff. DOI logo
Núñez, Gabriel González
2022. Translation Studies and Public Policy. In The Cambridge Handbook of Translation,  pp. 181 ff. DOI logo
Riera-Gil, Elvira
2019. The communicative value of local languages: An underestimated interest in theories of linguistic justice. Ethnicities 19:1  pp. 174 ff. DOI logo
Royles, Elin & Huw Lewis
2019. Language policy in multi-level systems: A historical institutionalist analysis. The British Journal of Politics and International Relations 21:4  pp. 709 ff. DOI logo
Templin, Torsten
2020. Language competition modeling and language policy evaluation. Language Problems and Language Planning 44:1  pp. 45 ff. DOI logo
Templin, Torsten, Bengt-Arne Wickström & Michele Gazzola
2022. Chapter 16. Effectiveness of policy measures and language dynamics. In Advances in Interdisciplinary Language Policy [Studies in World Language Problems, 9],  pp. 320 ff. DOI logo
[no author supplied]
2015. Publications Received. Language in Society 44:2  pp. 293 ff. DOI logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 12 april 2024. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.


Communication Studies

Communication Studies



Translation & Interpreting Studies

Translation Studies

Main BIC Subject

CFG: Semantics, Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis

Main BISAC Subject

LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
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ONIX 3.0
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2014003234 | Marc record