Article published in:Phonological and Phonetic considerations of Lexical Processing
[The Mental Lexicon 8:3] 2013
► pp. 269–294
How robust are exemplar effects in word comprehension?
This paper studies the robustness of exemplar effects in word comprehension by means of four long-term priming experiments with lexical decision tasks in Dutch. A prime and target represented the same word type and were presented with the same or different degree of reduction. In Experiment 1, participants heard only a small number of trials, a large proportion of repeated words, and stimuli produced by only one speaker. They recognized targets more quickly if these represented the same degree of reduction as their primes, which forms additional evidence for the exemplar effects reported in the literature. Similar effects were found for two speakers who differ in their pronunciations. In Experiment 2, with a smaller proportion of repeated words and more trials between prime and target, participants recognized targets preceded by primes with the same or a different degree of reduction equally quickly. Also, in Experiments 3 and 4, in which listeners were not exposed to one but two types of pronunciation variation (reduction degree and speaker voice), no exemplar effects arose. We conclude that the role of exemplars in speech comprehension during natural conversations, which typically involve several speakers and few repeated content words, may be smaller than previously assumed.
Keywords: pronunciation variation, acoustic reduction, exemplar effects, speech comprehension
Published online: 07 April 2014
Baayen, R., Piepenbrock, R., & Gulikers, L.
( 1995 ). The CELEX lexical database (CD-ROM) . University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA : Linguistic Data Consortium .
Bradlow, A., Nygaard, L., & Pisoni, D.
Craik, F., & Kirsner, K.
Dahan, D., Drucker, S., & Scarborough, R.
( 2006 ). Extending linear models with R: generalized linear mixed effects and nonparametric regression models . Boca Raton, FL : Chapman and Hall/CRC .
( 2007 ). A complementary-systems approach to abstract and episodic speech perception . Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences , (pp. 49 – 54 ). Saarbrücken , Germany .
Hanique, I., Ernestus, M., & Boves, L.
( submitted ). Choice and pronunciation of words : Individual differences within a homogeneous group of speakers .
Hanique, I., Ernestus, M., & Schuppler, B.
Mattys, S., & Liss, J.
Mattys, S., & Wiget, L.
McLennan, C., & Luce, P.
McLennan, C., Luce, P., & Charles-Luce, J.
( 2002 ). The design of the Spoken Dutch Corpus . In P. Peters, P. Collins, & A. Smith ( Eds. ), New frontiers of corpus research ( pp. 105 – 112). Amsterdam: Rodopi .
Palmeri, T., Goldinger, S., & Pisoni, D.
Pluymaekers, M., Ernestus, M., & Baayen, R. H.
Schuppler, B., Ernestus, M., Scharenborg, O., & Boves, L.
Cited by 9 other publications
Creemers, Ava & David Embick
Creemers, Ava, Amy Goodwin Davies, Robert J. Wilder, Meredith Tamminga & David Embick
Cristófaro Silva, Thaïs & Matheus Freitas
de Vaan, Laura, Kobie Van Krieken, Winie Van den Bosch, Robert Schreuder & Mirjam Ernestus
Dufour, Sophie, Dierdre Bolger, Stephanie Massol, Phillip J. Holcomb & Jonathan Grainger
Kazanina, Nina, Jeffrey S. Bowers & William Idsardi
Rahmani, Hamed, Toni Rietveld, Carlos Gussenhoven & Iris Berent
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 30 august 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.